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Europe > Russia > Northwestern Russia > Leningrad Oblast > Saint Petersburg (district) > Kronstadt


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Kronstadt (Russian: Кроншта́дт, Kronshtádt) is a city and military seaport on Kotlin Island, off Saint Petersburg, in the Gulf of Finland.


Naval Cathedral

Kronstadt was founded by Emperor Peter the Great in 1704 as a maritime fortress and naval base on Kotlin Island. The name "Kronstadt" was invented by Peter the Great, and in German means "Crown City".

The port is ice-bound for 140–160 days in the year, from the beginning of December to April. A very large proportion of the inhabitants are sailors.

The Kronstadt Sea Fortress used to be considered the most fortified port in the world. Kronstadt still retains some of the "forts", small fortified artificial islands. Others were destroyed or recycled during the construction of the Saint Petersburg Flood Prevention Facility Complex, a brand new dam of protective structures, which connects the island to the shore and is part of the federal city's Ring Road. Formerly, there were 42 such forts, situated in line between the southern and northern shores of the Gulf of Finland. Some fortifications were located inside the city itself, and one was on the western shore of the Kronslot Island (on the other side of the main navigational channel).

Until 1998, Kronstadt was a closed city, from then on it became a touristic attraction with free access to its territory. The exception is Kronstadt military harbor, and the territories of various military units stationed in the city and surrounding area. The architecture of the city center and city walls mostly dates from the first half of the 19th century.

In the 1970s and 80s, modern neighborhoods were built on the outskirts of the city.

Get in[edit]

Pre-dam Map

By train[edit]

There is no direct rail service. The nearest station "Oranienbaum-I» in Lomonosov, which can be reached from the Baltyskaya station in St. Petersburg.

By car[edit]

Kronstadt is part of the Ring Road (CR) around St. Petersburg, which connects Kotlin island from the northern coast of Gulf of Finland, near Sestroretsk, and the southern coast, near the Little Izhora. To St. Petersburg through the Mountain Village, 35 km; to the metro station "Prospect Veterans", 60 km.

By bus[edit]

From St. Petersburg to Kronstadt there are several routes:

  • from metro station "Chernaya Rechka" - shuttle K-405;
  • from metro station "Staraya Derevnya" - shuttle K-510 and bus 101
  • from metro station "Prospect Prosvescheniya" - shuttle K-407
  • from rail station "Oranienbaum" - Bus 175
Peter The Great

By boat[edit]

It's very easy to arrange waterborne transport to/from SPb, there are several operators. Contacts:

  • passenger pier Kronstadt: Ammunition per. 5, +7 (812) 311-33-17
  • passenger pier University: Coal Street., 14 g / d of Art. "Orienbaum-I», +7 (812) 422-87-21
  • trucking companies: JSC "Passenger Port", St. Petersburg, Obukhov Defense, 195, +7 (812) 262-50-88, central office +7 (812) 262-62-51

Get around[edit]

Kronstadt is small and compact enough to navigate on foot, but there are social and internal lines of buses. Route numbers of extensions are the letters "CD". The fare of 25 руб (in 2013).

  • 1Co - Leningrad pier - MAKAROVSKAYA gate.
  • 2KR - Leningrad harbor - Fort Schantz.
  • 3KR - Leningrad harbor - block 19B.


  • 1 Naval Cathedral (Морско́й собо́р святи́теля Никола́я Чудотво́рца). Tu-Th 11:00-18:00 (office - 17:00). First built in 1728–31, the present structure was built in 1903–1913, as the main church of the Baltic Fleet, dedicated to all fallen seamen. It had a very tumultous story, having been a cinema hall in Soviet times. Right now it's undergoing extensive repairs and improvements, and was reconsecrated in April 2012. Former Russian president Dmitry Medvedev recently said the cathedral "looks better than 100 years ago." Repairs are scheduled to be completed in 2013, in time for the cathedral's centennial anniversary. Naval Cathedral in Kronstadt (Q2321997) on Wikidata Kronstadt Naval Cathedral on Wikipedia
  • Historic Architecture and Art Museum, Leningradskaya Str., 2, +7 812 435-08-73.
  • Museum of the Kronstadt Fortress, Yakornaya ploschad, 2, +7 812 311-47-13, +7 812 311-42-80. Wed-Sun 11:00-17:00.
  • Maritime Factory Museum, Lenin Avenue, 39, 4th floor. Tue, Wed, Fri 15:00-20:00. Free.
  • Memorial Apartment Museum of St. John of Kronstadt, Posadskaya st., 21, +7 812 311-77-45. Tue-Thu, Sat, Sun 12:00-17:00.
  • Memorial Museum office Popov.

Among other picturesque public buildings, are the naval hospital, the British seamen's hospital (established in 1867), the civic hospital, admiralty (founded 1785), arsenal, dockyards and foundries, the school of marine engineering, and the English church.




  • Austeria Restaurant (Аустерия), Sovetskaya ul, 43, +7 812 311-05-32.
  • Cafe Amulet (Кафе «Амулет»), pr. Lenina, 18, +7 812 311-59-41.
  • Bistro (Бистро), Kommunisticheskaya ul, 16, +7 812.
  • Cafe Brigantina, Sovetskaya ul, 41, +7 812 311-32-49.
  • Cafe Dom Druzhby (Кафе «Дом дружбы»), Kommunisticheskaya ul., 3, +7 812 311-12-98.
  • Cafe Zolotoy Yakor (Кафе «Золотой якорь»), Mayakovskaya ul, 3, +7 812 311-46-57.
  • Cafe Imperial (Кафе «Империал»), pr. Lenina, 43, +7 812 435-10-78.
  • Cafe, ул. Карла Либкнехта, 29, +7 812 311-15-92.
  • Cafe Classic (Кафе «Классик»), pr. Lenina, 29, +7 812 435-14-76.
  • Cafe Labaz (Кафе «Лабаз»), Grazhdanskaya ul, 7/11, +7 812 311-22-38.
  • Cafe Lika (Кафе «Лика»), Leningradskaya ul., 3, +7 812 311-35-84.
  • (Кафе «Луза»)pr. Lenina, 43, +7 812 311-42-42.
  • Cafe Na Troikh (Кафе «На троих»), Kommunisticheskaya ul., 3, +7 812 311-40-29.
  • Cafe Novaya Volnya (Кафе «Новая волна»), ul. Gidrostroiteley, 8, +7 812 439-41-73.
  • Cafe Notch (Кафе «Ночь»), pr. Lenina, 53, +7 812 435-27-37.
  • (Кафе «Ника»)Flotskaya ul., 17, +7 812 311-84-43.
  • Cafe Parus (Кафе «Парус»), Flotskaya ul., 29/9, +7 812 311-59-96.
  • Pelmennaya (Пельменная), pr. Lenina, 18, +7 812 311-63-35.
  • Cafe Podvorye (Кафе «Подворье»), Grazhdanskaya ul, 7/11, +7 812 311-22-38.
  • Cafe Skazka (Кафе «Сказка»), pr. Lenina, 31, +7 812 311-39-05.
  • Cafe Strelets (Кафе «Стрелец»), pr. Lenina, 33, +7 812 439-05-00.
  • Cafe Taverna (Кафе «Таверна»), Kommunisticheskaya ul, 1, +7 812 311-19-69.
  • (Кафе «Трактир»)Posadskaya ul, 3, +7 812 311-38-45.
  • Cafe Fort (Кафе «Форт»), pr. Lenina, 26, +7 812 311-44-59.
  • Cafe Fort Konstantin (Кафе «Форт „Константин“»), +7 812 439-01-02.



Tide Gauge


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This city travel guide to Kronstadt is a usable article. It has information on how to get there and on restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.