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Kurdish phrasebook

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Kurdish is the language of the Kurdish people who live in the region known as Kurdistan, which includes parts of four countries Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria.

Kurdish is an Indo-European language, part of an enormous language family that includes many languages of the Indian sub-continent and most of the languages of Europe. Its branch of that family includes the other modern languages Persian, Pushtu and Balochi, but none of those are mutually intelligible. Kurdish is completely unrelated to Turkish and Arabic, though it includes some loanwords from those languages.

This phrase book is for the Kurmanji dialect which covers most of Bhadinan area of Iraqi Kurdistan and Kurdistan of southern Turkey.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Common diphthongs[edit]

Phrase list[edit]

Basics[edit]

Hello. 
Rojbaş! : Ev dema te xweş be!
How are you? 
Tu çawa yî? (singular): Hûn çawa ne? (plural)
Fine, thank you. 
Spas, ez baş im!
What is your name? 
Navê te çi ye?
My name is ______ . 
Navê min ______ e/ye.
Nice to meet you. 
Ez gelek kêfxweş bûm.
Please. 
Zehmet nebe.
Thank you. 
Spas. : Destxweş bî!
Thank you very much 
Gelek spas
You're welcome. 
Spasxweş!. : Ser çawa!
Yes. 
Erê.
No. 
Na.
Excuse me. (getting attention
Ca bala xwe bide min! : Ji min re binêre!
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Li min bibore/bibihure!
I'm sorry. 
Li min bibore/bibihure!
Goodbye 
Bi xatirê te!: Emê hev bibînin!
I can't speak name of language
Ez nikarim bi (îngilîzî, tirkî, erebî, kurdî...) biaxivim. : Ez bi (îngilîzî, tirkî, erebî, kurdî...) nizanim. (Literally "I don't know 'the language'.")
Do you speak Kurdish? 
Gelo (ma) tu bi kurdî dizanî? (Literally "Do you know Kurdish?")
Who speaks English here? 
Li min bibore, li vir kî bi îngilîzî dizane? (Literally " Excuse me, who knows english here?")
Help! 
Hawar!
Look out! 
Berê xwe bide!
Good morning. 
Rojbaş! : Beyanîbaş!
Good evening. 
Êvarbaş!
Good night. 
Şevbaş! : Şevxweş!
Good night (to sleep
Şevxweş!
I don't understand you. 
Ez te fehm nakim.
Where is the toilet? 
Hemam li kû ye?
Right now. 
niha
I Love you 
Ez ji te hez dikim.
Do you have .... ? 
.... heye ?
I am hungry. 
Ez birçî me.
I am a foreigner. 
Ez biyanî me. : Ez xerîb im. : Ez ne ji vir im.
Please notice
In kurdish language, pronouncation of "x" is not like in english. It sounds like "r" in german. Simply a thick "h" which comes from deep throat.

Problems[edit]

Numbers[edit]

½ - nims

0 - sifir

-1 - dibin sifirin de yek

1 - yek

2 - du

2½ - dula nims

3 - se

4 - char

5 - penc

6 - shesh

7 - haft

8 - hesht

9 - nuh

10 - deh

11 - yazdeh

12 - duazdeh

13 - sezdeh

14 - chardeh

15 - pencdeh

16 - shesdeh

17 - hafdeh

18 - hesdeh

19 - nuzdeh

20 - bisd

50 - pencih

60 - sheshdi

90 - noavad

100 - sad

200 - dusad

300 - sesad

400 - charsad

500 - pencsad

600 - sheshsad

700 - haftsad

800 - heshtsad

900 - nuhsad

1000 - hezar

2000 - du hezar

Time[edit]

Clock time[edit]

Duration[edit]

Days[edit]

Monday - Dushem

Tuesday - Seshem

Wednesday - Charsem

Thursday - Pencsem

Friday - Ini

Saturday - Semi

Sunday - Yeksem

Months[edit]

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

Red:Sor

, Yellow:Zard

, Green:Saoz

, Black:Resh

, White:sepid

, Blue:kaow

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

Bus : Pass Train : Kitar / Shamenafer

Directions[edit]

right: rast Left: cep Turn:bsurewe Go Straight: rast bro Street: sheqam Lane:kolan neighborhood: gerek city: shar Market : bazar

Taxi[edit]

Lodging[edit]

Money[edit]

Para or dinar

Eating[edit]

Xwardan


Bars[edit]

Shopping[edit]

Driving[edit]

Authority[edit]

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