It was an important port in colonial times. Today it is a village with a beach that is very popular with tour buses. It is also the final point of a trail that leaves from Serra da Bocaina National Park, known as Trilha do Ouro.
It is made up of the districts of Parque Mambucaba (Perequê), Praia Vermelha, Residential village of Praia Brava, and Boa Vista. Across the Mambucaba River, near the village, lies the Mambucaba Residential Village (formerly known as Parada Beach) and the Batanguera Beach (now known as Coqueiro or Morrinho).
In the Parque Mambucaba neighborhood, known until a few years ago as Perequê (which means "Path of ascent of the fish", due to the mangrove areas on its shores where the fish reproduce), reside around 21,000 people, population that multiply on weekends and holidays during the summer months, when the influx of people come mainly from the region of Vale do Paraíba, and those who have summer residences there.
- The old village, which keeps many of its colonial houses, is a destination for vacationers that come from other regions of the west of the state of Rio de Janeiro, the city of Rio de Janeiro and the state of São Paulo. It has about 700 inhabitants, reaching approximately 10,000 visitors in the summer.
- Igreja do Rosário (across the river Mambucaba).