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Europe > Balkans > Romania > Maramureș

Maramureș

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Maramureş is a region in north-western Romania. The Romanian part of the historical Maramureş is a rather small region consisting of Maramures County and Satu Mare County.

Cities[edit]

Map of Maramureș
  • 1 Baia Mare — a mostly unsightly city across a mountain range from true Maramures; the largest transportation hub into Maramures.
  • 2 Breb — a timeless village which is a great example of true Maramures culture. The only village with budget travel infrastructure.
  • 3 Cavnic — former mining town, now a developing ski resort
  • 4 Satu Mare
  • 5 Sighetu Marmaţiei — the center of the "real" Maramures on the border to Ukraine
  • 6 Vişeu de Sus — starting point of the famous Vaser Valley Forestry Railway
  • 7 Borşa
  • 8 Ieud — village on the Iza valley, home to two old wooden churches
  • 9 Săpânța — the famous Merry Cemetery is here

Understand[edit]

Talk[edit]

Maramureș is a multicultural region. This part of the world was several times invaded by different powers. This is the reason why not only Romanian but also Hungarian and Ukrainian are widely spoken here. In the bigger cities and more important tourist attractions, you can get along with English pretty well, but you can have a more profound experience in this primarily rural area if you can travel with a native speaker and/or are able to understand at least the basics in one of the aforementioned languages.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

The Romanian airline Tarom has daily flights from Bucharest to Baia Mare and Satu Mare. During the summer season, Blue Air has a charter flight from Antalya to Satu Mare.

By train[edit]

To Baia Mare there are four trains daily from Cluj, three trains from Bucharest and one train from Timisoara.

To Sighetu Marmatiei there are two direct trains from Cluj, one from Bucharest and one from Timisoara. Check timetables on cfrcalatori.ro.

There is also a cross border train from Hungary to Satu Mare, which has some carriages coming directly from Budapest; check for timetable on elvira.hu.

By bus[edit]

There are buses to Baia Mare from cities in Spain, France, Switzerland, the Czech republic and Hungary as well as from major cities in Romania. Check for timetables at autogari.ro [1] and Eurolines [2]

By car[edit]

Get around[edit]

By bus[edit]

Bus is the most reliable way to get around without a car, but buses generally only go along main roads between larger cities, and smaller destinations are not officially listed as stops. For example, if one wanted to take a bus from Baia Mare to Breb, a small village between Cavnic and Ocna Șugatag, you will yield no results searching on autogari.ro for a connection even though getting on the bus and asking the bus driver to drop you at Breb is perfectly normal and ok.

By car[edit]

Even the main roads in Maramures are poor, so be extremely careful. Also know that hitchhiking is very prevalent and you will probably be constantly inquired. This is a great way to make a bit of extra cash, but if you do not wish to just give them a downwards gesture with all your fingers from the steering wheel and they will understand.

By thumb[edit]

Hitchhiking in Maramures is extremely easy and prevalently done even by locals, although smaller roads of course have little traffic. It is expected to give a few lei in return for services. Note that thumbs up will get you nowhere here, though. Extending your arm and doing a sort of downwards gesture with your hand, almost like petting a dog, is the preferred way of asking for a ride. It's difficult to describe, but you'll see it everywhere.

See[edit]

Colourful tombstones at the Merry Cemetery in Săpânța.
Budești Josani, the southern side.
The portal from Sârbi Susani church, 1639, Maramureș

Maramureș is one of Europe's best kept secrets, the place where the time hasn't moved for decades, a place where the traditions, the wooden art and the human kindness are well preserved. Close to the Ukrainian border, Maramureș covers 3381 sq km of valleys, beautiful villages, hills and mountains (up to 2303 m high). On this small surface are preserved over 100 wooden churches (8 of them listed on UNESCO list), a natural reserve also protected by UNESCO, about 60 villages and small towns, the only narrow gauge industrial steam train still in use in Europe, and many other attractions.

The wooden churches[edit]

  • 1 Church of the Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple, Bârsana. Church of the Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple on Wikipedia Church of the Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple in Bârsana (Q5118024) on Wikidata
  • 2 Budeşti Josani church. Budești Josani church on Wikipedia Budești Josani church (Q829483) on Wikidata
  • 3 Saint Parascheva Church, Desești. Saint Parascheva Church, Desești on Wikipedia Saint Parascheva Church (Q12722216) on Wikidata
  • 4 Church of the Archangels Michael and Gabriel, Plopiș. Church of the Archangels Michael and Gabriel, Plopiș on Wikipedia Church of the Archangels Michael and Gabriel (Q16735815) on Wikidata
  • 5 Saint Parascheva Church, Poienile Izei. Saint Parascheva Church, Poienile Izei on Wikipedia Saint Parascheva Church (Q16735831) on Wikidata
  • 6 Ieud Hill Church. Ieud Hill Church on Wikipedia Ieud Hill Church (Q12722321) on Wikidata
  • 7 Church of the Archangels Michael and Gabriel, Șurdești. Church of the Archangels Michael and Gabriel, Șurdești on Wikipedia Church of the Archangels Michael and Gabriel (Q1147877) on Wikidata
  • 8 Church of the Holy Archangels, Rogoz. Church of the Holy Archangels, Rogoz on Wikipedia Church of the Holy Archangels, Rogoz (Q4070581) on Wikidata
  • The tallest wooden church in the world (78 m high, erected at Sapanta, between 1995-2003).

Museums[edit]

  • 9 Oaș Land Museum (Muzeul Țării Oașului). (Q18544251) on Wikidata
  • 10 Rogoz Ethnographic Museum (Muzeul Etnografic Rogoz).

Other[edit]

  • Pietrosu Rodnei Natural Reserve, UNESCO listed since 1979, established in 1932, part of the "Rodna Mountains National Park", protecting edelweiss, gentians, marmots, chamois, etc.
  • Maramures Mountains Natural Park, the largest and wildest in Romania, covering 1480 sq km, protecting 1260 plant species, bears, wolves, lynxes, etc.
  • Sârbi Village, group of water powered machines (fuling and watermills, thresher, alcohol distilleries, whirlpools).
  • Budești Village, the best preserved traditional Maramureș settlement.
  • 11 Horses Waterfall (Cascada Cailor) (at Baia Borșa, you can go up by the ski lifts - operating in the summer as well and visit it with a short walk).

Do[edit]

Vaser Valley Railway

Take the Vaser Valley Forestry Railway from Vișeu de Sus.

Eat[edit]

Drink[edit]

Horinca, Ţuică - strong (>50% alcohol) double distilled fruit brandy easily available throughout the region and almost exclusively home distilled

Stay safe[edit]

Go next[edit]

This region travel guide to Maramureș is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!