Monteriggioni is a commune in the Province of Siena in the Italian region of Tuscany. It borders on the communes of Casole d'Elsa, Castellina in Chianti, Castelnuovo Berardenga, Colle di Val d'Elsa, Poggibonsi, Siena and Sovicille.
On a small natural hillock, this completely walled medieval town in the Siena Province of Tuscany was built in the 13th century by the overlords of Siena to command the Cassia Road running through the Val d'Elsa and Val Staggia just to the west of Monteriggioni. Today, the town of Monteriggioni is the principal center in the modern Comune of Monteriggioni which encompasses 19.49 square kilometers in the area around the town. Distances from other major towns and cities are:
- Siena – 15 km (9.3 mi)
- Volterra – 39 km (24 mi)
- Florence – 50 km (31 mi)
- Pisa – 157 km (98 mi)
- Lucca – 123 km (76 mi)
- Arezzo – 121 km (75 mi)
- Rome – 250 km (160 mi)
Except for some work done in the 16th century, very little has been done to Monteriggioni's walls or buildings since they were first erected. Monteriggioni's walls and the buildings that make up the town are the best-preserved example of their kind in all of Italy, so it is not surprising that it attracts buses full of tourists, but also architects, historians and archaeologists.
The more or less circular walls with a total length of about 570 metres were built between 1213 and 1219, following the natural contours of the hill. There are fourteen towers on square bases set at equidistance, and two portals or gates. One gate, the Porta Fiorentina, opens toward Florence to the north, and the other, the Porta Romana, faces Rome to the south. The main street within the walls connects the two gates in a more or less straight line.
The main piazza, the Piazza Roma, is dominated by a Romanesque church with a simple, plain facade. Other houses, some in the Renaissance style, were once owned by local nobles, gentry and wealthy merchants facing into the piazza. Off the main piazza, smaller streets give way to public gardens fronted by the other houses and small businesses of the town. In more hostile times, these gardens provided vital sustenance when enemies gathered without.
The town is featured prominently in the Assassin's Creed video game series.
Monteriggioni is located a short distance from Overpass Florence - Siena . Convenient parking places are located in the immediate vicinity of the town which is also within walking distance. Note that although the town is on a hill access is virtually free of architectural barriers.
The town is very small and easily walkable. However it's recommended to have a car to visit the attractions outside of the town's walls.
- Wall walkways. You can climb up two sections of the town's perimeter wall for beautiful views of the Tuscan countryside. €3 (includes admission to the arms museum).
- 1 Chiesa di Santa Maria (Church of St Mary), Piazza Roma, 23, ☏ . The town's church. It has a simple facade, but is a strong part of the town's beautiful masonry. Donations welcome.
- 2 Monteriggioni in Arme (Armour Museum), Via I Maggio, 1. Small museum dedicated to medieval weaponry. There are copies of chain mail, helmets and weapons that you can try on. €3 (includes admission to the walls).
- 1 Casa Vinicola Bartali, Strada dell'Abate 3, ☏ , firstname.lastname@example.org. 08:00-12:00, 14:00-18:00. Producing wines and olive oil since 1927. Local store open during office hours. Visits and degustations by appointment outside office hours.
- [formerly dead link] 2Be Travel Designers (Chianti Wine Tour), ☏ , email@example.com. A journey discovering the wineries of the Chianti, which introduces the visitor to both the area's age-old wine-producing traditions and the latest, most innovative vineyard technology. Behind each and every twist in the road we are greeted by landscapes dotted with small chapels, castles, and medieval villages all of which more than worthy of visit. A professional service offered by licensed drivers speaking English.
- Chianti Wine Tour Adventure, firstname.lastname@example.org. During the morning, the tour visits a winery to learn about wine making process and Chianti production rules. At the end of the visit, you will taste Tuscan wines as Chianti Classico, Chianti Classico Riserva, Supertuscan, and grappa, as well as a selection of fantastic local olive oils. Afterwards, they'll move to the winery restaurant for lunch. Professional tours are led by expert and licensed drivers speaking English.
- Monteriggioni di Torri si Corona (Medieval Festival of Monteriggioni). The town has its annual medieval festival in July. Varies, child (under 7): free.
- 1 [formerly dead link] Il Pozzo (The Well), Piazza Roma, 20, ☏ , email@example.com. M closed, Tu-Sa 12:15–15:00, 19:30–22:00, Su 12:15–15:00.