Bahrain's former capital and third largest city, Muharraq has a long history dating back to approximately 3000 BCE. From ancient times until the 1930s the primary economic activity was pearling; today the city is known as a center for the arts and as one of the most religiously conservative districts in Bahrain.
In 2012 parts of Muharraq Island were collectively inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List because of their association with Bahrain's long history of pearling. These sites include seventeen historic buildings, Abu Mahir Fort, and three offshore oyster beds.
- 1 Bahrain International Airport (BAH IATA). This is where Bahrain's international airport is located, and is the main base for Gulf Air with excellent connections throughout the region and London. The airport has good duty-free shopping; a Transhotel offering beds and showers (for a fee) to those awaiting flights is currently undergoing renovation.
From Manama you can easily get to Muharraq using one of the 3 modern causeways: 'Sheikh Isa Bin Salma', 'Sheikh Hamad' and 'Sheikh Khalifa Bin Salman'. All of them will lead you to the airport.
- Pearl Trail. This is a self-guided walking tour connecting the 17 historic buildings included in the UNESCO listing. It is currently being developed by the authorities, marked with blue paving stones, recessed lighting, and signage.
- 1 Sheikh Isa Bin Ali House (Beit Sheikh Isa Bin Ali).
- 2 Siyadi House (Beit Siyadi).
- 3 Abdulla Al Zayed Press Heritage House.
- 4 Abu Mahir Fort (Bu Maher Fort, Muharraq Fort). Fort was built to protect against western approaches. It was constructed upon the ruins of a much older fort, on Abu Mahir island. Fort is rest against the coastline and give beautiful sea views.
- 5 Arad Fort, Road 4233 (close to Bahrain Airport). This fort was initially built by Arabs in the 16th century, it was captured by the Portuguese around 1559 and then in 1653, Omanis seized it. Today, cultural events and shows are frequently held in the fort.
- 6 Al Oraifi Museum, ☎ , fax: , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Sa-Th 8AM-1PM, 4PM-8PM. This museum was opened by artist Rashid Al Oraifi in 2010 to display arts from the Dilmum era and currently hold over 100 pieces. BD 1.
- 7 Dhow shipyard. Daylight hours. Traditional wooden Arabian dhows are built here by hand, in the last dhow shipyard in Bahrain and one of the few remaining in the Gulf. Free.
Drive to Amwaj, a far more developed "western-friendly" residential compound that is only 10 minutes away from the airport. It has top-notch hotels and resorts such as The Dragon and multiple of (pricey) restaurants one can choose from, such as Burger lounge, or the more luxurious Mojo - which also comes with a bar and a nightclub. The city is still largely under construction - A mall, a school, a hospital and tens of new apartments and hotels are still on their way. (as of 2011)
- 1 Muharraq Souq. 10AM-1PM, 4PM-9PM. Muharraq is known for its traditional market. Full of variety of shops selling fresh fruits and vegetables, local crafts and everyday products, you can also purchase traditional Arabic sweets, halwa which are made in Muahrraq.
- Jasmi's, ☎ . The most popular Bahraini fastfood chain. 2 BD.
Bars are nowhere present in the more 'conservative' city of Muharraq. However, one can enjoy a stay at the various Gahwas all around the city for Sheesha (Hookah), as well as mint tea, turkish coffee, Arabic coffee, or fresh juice.
- 1 Mövenpick Hotel Bahrain, 143 Road 2403 (Opposite the airport), ☎ , fax: , e-mail: email@example.com. BD 90+. Swiss flair and traditional Arabian hospitality. Overlooks a lagoon and features a fine dining restaurant, international bar, atrium lobby restaurant, pool bar, parking area and two outdoor tennis courts. 7 min driving distance from the city. Babysitting service, business centre, gym, spa, swimming pool, tennis courts. 24-hour room service, internet, mini bar, satellite TV, tea and coffee making facilities (on request).
It would be preferred to dress "modestly" when in Muharraq City; in other words, avoid shorts and sleeveless tops.