Northern Sudan consists of the three states of Sudan known as Northern, Red Sea and River Nile.
- 1 Atbarah — a main city best known as a train junction and cross roads connecting the eastern and central states of Sudan with the North.
- 2 Dongola — the capital of the Northern (Al-Shemaliah) state, the major economic activity there is agriculture, different kinds of vegetables and fruits are grown on both banks of the Nile.
- 3 Ad-Damir (Ed Damer)
- 4 Merowe
- 5 Port Sudan
- 6 Shendi — a historical city, home of the Al Jaleen tribe and Sudan's president Omar Al Bashir
- 7 Suakin — port in north-eastern Sudan on the west coast of the Red Sea
- 8 Wadi Halfa
Mainly Arab Muslim district.
New highways roads have been constructed in Shemaliah State. One of the longest is the recently build highway that connects the capital city Khartoum with Shandi, Atbara and Port Sudan (the third biggest city in the country).
This region is home to many important historical sites of Nuba and Meroe civilizations, new discoveries are happening all the time. The areas of Meroe, Musawwarat-Es-Sofra, and Wad Ben Naqa are home to impressive collections of Meroitic temples, pyramids, and palaces.
The Red Sea coast of North Sudan includes two national parks, Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park which together form a world heritage site.