The historic region of Bactria spanned territory that included parts of northern Afghanistan — Balkh was it capital — plus areas that are now in Uzbekistan or Tajikistan.
- Balkh Province
- Jowzjan Province
- Samangan Province
- Sar-e Pol Province
- 1 Mazar-e Sharif — third-largest city of Afghanistan, home to the Shrine of Hazrat Ali also known as Blue Mosque
- 2 Balkh — today a small town, Balkh was once a powerful city known to the Ancient Greeks as Bactra.
- 3 Sheberghan — over 20,000 pieces of ancient gold jewelry and artifacts were discovered in 1979 in the village of Tillia Tepe, just outside Sheberghan.
- 4 Samangan — an ancient city founded by Eucratides I, king of Bactria, developed into a major Buddhist center during the Kushan Dynasty.
1 Mazar-e Sharif International Airport (MZR IATA) - direct air connections to Kabul, Moscow, Mashad, Dubai and Istanbul. Airlines : Afghan Jet International, Ariana Afghan Airlines, Iran Aseman Airlines, Kam Air, Safi Airways, Turkish Airlines