Nubia was one of the notable African kingdoms that existed around the same time as Ancient Egypt.
Nubia existed in what is now Sudan (and part of modern-day Southern Egypt) along the River Nile, and was therefore Ancient Egypt's great rival to the south. Nubia was occupied by Egypt on several occasions and briefly occupied Ancient Egypt during that empire’s downfall.
The Nubians have left an extraordinary, though relatively unknown, legacy. Sudan is the country with the most pyramids in the world, about twice that of Egypt.
- 1 Kerma, Sudan (aka Dukki Gel) — The presumed capital of what would be the first centralised Nubian state.
- 2 Meroe, Sudan — Formerly the capital of the Kingdom of Kush, and home to the Nubian pyramids, one of most impressive reminders of Nubian civilisation.
In more recent times, Sudan and South Sudan have been in conflict. However, this conflict has taken place south of the Nubian region.