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Oamaru is a town in North Otago, New Zealand, with beautiful Victorian buildings crafted from the fine, white local limestone, and colonies of penguins.


Oamaru does two things better than anywhere else in New Zealand – beautiful Victorian architecture and little blue penguin viewing. A strange mix in a strange, interesting town.

Oamaru started its existence in the mid-1800s as one of a few large sheep farms in North Otago. The natural harbour was recognised and a breakwater built to facilitate trade. Buildings sprung up – banks, grain stores, post offices and a court house – built with a type of limestone called Oamaru stone because it is sourced locally and used all over the country. Oamaru fell on hard times and lacked resources to pull down the older buildings while other towns were replacing older buildings with new ones. As a result Oamaru has a fantastic collection of older buildings in an unspoilt precinct by the harbour. Better times have returned recently with the district becoming wealthy through the meat, dairy and education industries and this has allowed the locals to restore and strengthen the old buildings.

Today Oamaru is a little known tourism spot where prices tend to be reasonable for accommodation (of which there is a glut) and there are some exceptional restaurants, which you would not generally expect in a town this size.

Visitors come to view the nightly return to shore of little blue penguins. The town has several colonies of these birds, the smallest and only blue variety of penguin in the world. The largest colony is now run as a commercial activity by the town council, offering an opportunity to view the penguins in their natural habitat. There is also a small colony of yellow-eyed penguins, one of the world's rarest penguins, just outside the town.

Oamaru is the gateway to the Waitaki Valley, a stunning natural area bisected by the braided Waitaki River, whose dams have created numerous lakes for water sports and recreation. The Waitaki Valley is home to New Zealand's newest wine appellation, where a number of vineyards are producing Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Riesling and other varietals that are winning international awards.

Get in[edit]

  • Car - drive three hours south of Christchurch or one and a half hours north of Dunedin on State Highway 1.
  • Bus - services are available from all main centres.
  • Plane - there are no scheduled flights, but for those who want to make the most of their time, charter flights are available on demand for up to three passengers at a time from Oamaru Airport, 20 km north of the town.
  • Train - there is no passenger service.

Get around[edit]

Oamaru town is small enough to cycle around. Taxis are available.


Moulting yellow-eyed penguin at Oamaru

In town[edit]

  • North Otago Museum60 Thames St. M–F 10:30am–4:30pm, Sa-Su & public holidays 1–4:30pm, closed Good Friday & 25 Dec. Free.
  • Oamaru Blue Penguin Colony2 Waterfront Rd (near the harbour and not far from the Victorian Precinct). See little blue penguins (kororā in Māori and Eudyptula minor in Latin) in their nests or coming ashore at night.
  • Steampunk HQ1 Itchen St (in Victorian Precinct). 10am-4pm, daily in summer, Th-Su in winter.
  • Town lookout, east end of Tamar St.
  • Victorian Precinct, also known as the Harbour & Tyne Historic Precinct. The town's original commercial area, largely built in the 1870s to 1890s. It is the most complete Victorian streetscape in the country. The buildings were constructed of a hard, compact limestone that was quarried locally and known as Oamaru stone. Many buildings have been restored and house shops, galleries and eateries.
  • Whitestone Cheese Factorycnr Torridge and Humber Sts. M-F 9am-5:30pm summer, 9am-5pm winter, Sa-Su 10am-4pm.

Out of town[edit]

  • Bushy Beach. Not far from town. Follow Tyne St south up to South Hill. Near the top of the hill turn right onto Bushy Beach Rd and follow to the end. Take a 5–10 minute walk through coastal vegetation to a viewing hide from where you may see yellow-eyed penguins (hoiho in Māori) and other marine species.
  • Moeraki Boulders. 40 km south of Oamaru.
  • Totara EstateAlma-Maheno Rd (State Highway 1) (10 km south of Oamaru). Established in the 1850s, Totara Estate exported New Zealand’s first shipment of frozen meat in 1882. A number of limestone farm buildings have been restored by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust.
  • Waitaki Valley
  • Waitaki vineyards







Oamaru i-SITE

Go next[edit]

Routes through Oamaru
ChristchurchTimaru  N State Highway 1 NZ.svg S  Dunedin

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