Piotrków Trybunalski is second biggest city in the Łódź Voivodeship of Poland with around 80,000 inhabitants. It is the capital of Piotrków County and it's almost 800 years old. The city itself was portrayed in the movie Jacob the Liar starring Robin Williams.
According to tradition – not confirmed by historical sources – Piotrków was founded by Piotr Wlostowic, a powerful 12th century magnate from Silesia. The name of the city comes from the name Peter translated into Polish (Piotr), in a diminutive form (Piotrek). The town has been known in Yiddish as פּעטריקעװ or Petrikev, in German as Petrikau, and in Russian as Петроков or Petrokov.
At first a market town and a place of the princes' tribunals (in the 13th and 15th centuries), Piotrków became an administrative centre (the capital of the district since 1418), and in the later centuries it also became an important political centre in Poland. While the importance of Piotrków in the political life of the country had contributed to its development in the 16th century, the city declined in the 17th and 18th centuries, due to fires, epidemics, wars against Sweden, and finally the Partitions of Poland.
Piotrków had the first ghetto for Jews in occupied Poland, built as early as October 1939. Approximately 25,000 people from Piotrków and the nearby towns and villages were imprisoned there. 22,000 were sent to the Treblinka extermination camp, while 3,000 were imprisoned in Nazi concentration camps.
- Piotrków Trybunalski terminal station for domestic trains. There are great (but slow) train links from all major Polish cities.
Piotrków is located in junction of roads:
- road 8; E67 from state border with Lithuania in Budzisko trought Warsaw - Piotrków - Wrocław and finally to state border with Czech Republic in Kudowa-Zdrój.
- road 12 from state border with Germany in Łęknica trought Leszno - Kalisz - Piotrków - Radom - Lublin and state border with Ukraine in Beredyszcze
Because of its location at a junction of major roads Piotrków Trybunalski is well connected to almost all major cities in Poland by the PKS lines. From Warsaw or Katowice you can get to Piotrków Trybunalski by the Polski Express. There are some international lines like Eurolines too.
Taxis are another option, and they are quite cheap for a Westerner. However, you should make sure that there is a taxi sign atop the cab and that the driver has a permit. Best way is to use one of Taxi companies (phone numbers):
- Radio Taxi Pilica - 9625
- Radio Taxi Plus - 9623
- Trybunalski Square, located about 1 km east from the train station. Is the old market square, with antique tenement houses
- Royal Castle (nearby the Trybunalski Square (about 300 m east)).
- Orthodox Church, located on Słowackiego street about 200 m east from train station
- Court of law, located on Słowackiego street about 300 m east from train station
- Great Synagogue (currently library), just next to Royal Castle
For more information visit the "Tourist Information Point" called "Informacja Turystyczna" on Czarnieckiego Square 10, 44 732 36 63 (next to Trybunalski Square)
- Hawana Cinema, ul. Słowackiego (About 200 m east from train station), ☎ . Movie selection contains the latest American hits with Polish subtitles.
- The main commercial street in Piotrków Trybunalski is Słowackiego Street
Other places for small shopping:
- [dead link]Echo. Shopping mall, al. Sikorskiego
- Carrefour. Supermarket, and gallery of (about 20) small shops
- Kaufland - supermarket on Lodzka street, with small gallery of shops (about 8)
- Stadium Market - big open air market located on Dmowskiego street, every saturday you can buy here everything from vegetables, over clothes to live pets
- Da Grasso, ul. Wojska Polskiego 38 (corner of Torunska), ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Monday - Thursday 11 - 23, Friday - Saturday 11 - 01, Sunday - 12 - 22. Their big pizza is more than enough for 2 hungry people. 15-25 PLN.
- Tina, ul. 3go Maja 20 or ul. Matejki 5, ☎ . , Monday - Friday 11 - 23, Saturday 11 - 00, Sunday - 12 - 22. 15-25 PLN.
- Randez-vous, ul. Słowackiego 14, ☎ . 20-50 PLN.
- Altamira, ul. Dmowskiego 38, ☎ . Daily: ??. 20-50 PLN.
- Dworek pod Debami, ul. Skrajna dz.46, ☎ . Daily: ??. 20-50 PLN.
- Staromiejska, Trybunalski Square 4, ☎ . Daily: ??. 50-100 PLN.
- Ormianin, Trybunalski Square 10, ☎ . Daily: ??. 50-100 PLN.
- Hotel PIOCEL, ul. Dworska 6a, ☎ . zł 30.00+ (ca. $10+ per person) per night.
- Agat, Wojska Polskiego 118, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Trybunalski, Grota Roweckiego 5 (Nearby train station), ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com.