Pustec (Macedonian: Пустец) is one of the 61 municipalities of Albania, within Korçë County. Located in the southeastern fringes of the country, it contains all of Albania's share of the Great Prespa Lake, as well as most of Prespa National Park which extends southward to Albania's portion of the Small Prespa Lake in Devoll Municipality. Home to an entirely ethnic Macedonian population and the only place in Albania where the ethnic group enjoys full minority rights, Pustec is considered the centre of the Macedonian minority of Albania. It encompasses much of a region known amongst Macedonians as "Mala Prespa", bordered by Greece to the east and by Macedonia to the north and northeast.
The Municipality of Pustec is a rather isolated place within Albania. Its villages sit between Lake Prespa to the east and the mountain of Galičica to the west which largely cuts it off from the rest of the country. In fact, only one road connects it to the rest of Albania in the south. That same road connects Pustec to Macedonia's Prespa region in the north. Therefore, many of the area's visitors come from that country and many of Pustec's residents head to Macedonia for various needs. Pustec also shares land and water borders with Greece but there are no means of crossing to that country from Pustec.
Pustec consists of nine villages including (from north to south): Tuminec, Gorna Gorica, Dolna Gorica, Glloboçeni, Shulin, Pustec, Leska, Zrnovsko, and Cerje. Note that the municipality is named after a village located within the municipality. Most of these villages' names were officially changed to different Albanianised names in the 1970s but the original Macedonian names became official again in 2013. All of these villages, with the exception of Cerje, are located on or near Lake Prespa. Cerje is situated at the southeastern end of the municipality just inside the border with Greece. According to the 2011 census, virtually all of the municipality's 3,290 residents are ethnic Macedonians and Orthodox Christians.
SH79 is the highway running roughly parallel to Albania's portion of Lake Prespa. Getting into Pustec Municipality via car requires getting onto this highway either from the south or from Macedonia in the north; SH79 is the only road linking Pustec to adjacent areas. Despite sharing a land border with Greece, there is no border crossing with that country within Pustec.
- From the south, SH79 splits off from SH3/E86 at Zëmblak. If coming from Korçë, head northwest along this highway until reaching SH79. If coming from Bilisht, head northeast along it until getting to SH79. Once the path starts going uphill, you're entering Pustec Municipality. Leska will be the first village reached. Head east to get to Pustec (or continue further south from there to get to Zrnovsko or Cerje) or continue north to reach the rest of the villages in Pustec.
- There is a border crossing between Albania and Macedonia at the Albanian village of Gorna Gorica and the Macedonian village of Stenje. R1307 is the road running on the Macedonian side up to the border. After passing Gorna Gorica, head east for Tuminec or continue south for the rest of Pustec Municipality.
Taxis can be hired from the major towns in the region like Korçë and Bilisht, or from further beyond for a higher price. If coming from Macedonia via taxi, know that not every cab will have the documents necessary to cross into Albania with a vehicle so ask in advance.
If going to multiple areas within the rural Pustec Municipality, getting around by car is the most convenient option. Sometimes just getting from a village to its own beach at the lakeshore can be quite the hike, especially if during the day in summertime.
It is not easy getting around Pustec by walking but it can be done amongst certain villages. A walk from the Tuminec in the north to Cerje in the very south is over six hours, but walking from closer villages such as from Leska to Pustec is just a 20 minute walk. If simply staying in the village of Pustec or nearby, Maligrad island and most of the cave churches can be reached via foot or boat.
Entirely within Prespa National Park, Pustec Municipality also contains a number of unique cultural landmarks. This includes the island of Maligrad and the multiple Byzantine and post-Byzantine cave churches dotting the area.
- 1 Prespa National Park (Parku Kombëtar i Prespes; Национален парк Преспа). One of Albania's national parks, Prespa, is mostly located within Pustec Municipality. The park covers 27,750 hectares (68,570 acres), consisting of Albania's share of the Prespa region. Established in 1999, it aims to conserve the wildlife of Prespa including rare species of bird like the white pelican, the white stork, and the Dalmatian pelican. Almost half of the area of the national park is forest.
- 2 Maligrad (Мал Град). Maligrad is the second major island in Lake Prespa, along with the larger Golem Grad on the Macedonian side. It has an area of five hectares (12 acres) containing a large cliff, caves, trees, and an area of sand. Maligrad is close to the shore, near Shulin to the northwest and Pustec to the southwest.
- 3 Church of St Mary (Kisha e Shën Mërisë; Црква „Св. Богородица“). This Orthodox cave church was built in 1369 by Serbian nobleman Kesar Novak, though there is an older preserved inscription in the apse of the church dating from 1345. A fresco on the interior depicts Novak's family. The western facade was painted in 1607. The church is built within a cave overlooking the lake.
- 4 St Michael the Archangel Square (Sheshi Shën Mëhilli; Плоштад Св. Архангел Михаил) (Pustec). Pustec's central square, currently under reconstruction, surrounds the large Church of St Michael the Archangel, an attractive church built in the early 2000s on the place of an older church built in 1754 but destroyed in a fire in 1865. It was built of stone and brick and has a red roof.
- 5 Church of St Nicholas (Kisha e Shën Nikolla; Црква „Св. Никола“) (Pustec). Half of this church, north of the village, is built into a rocky hill standing above the water. Only fragments remain of the original frescoes. The fresco of St Nicholas was redone in the 19th century.
- 6 Church of St Michael the Archangel (Kisha e Shën Mëhilli; Црква „Св. Архангел Михаил“) (Zrnovsko). This church, not to be confused with the church in the centre of Pustec, was built completely into a cave outside the village on the lakeshore. The oldest frescoes in the church date from the 12th century. It is a 5 km (3 mi) boat ride from the village of Pustec.
- 7 Monastery of St Marina (Manastiri i Shën Marenës; Манастир Св. Марина) (Tuminec). Located east of Tuminec just inside the border with Macedonia, this monastery got its present appearance in 1888, although a cave church of the same name just 100 meters (110 yards) north of the monastery complex dates from the 14th century. The cave church stands 10 m (33 ft) tall and contains many large frescoes. The monastery has not had monks since 1898.
Multiple villages in Pustec Municipality have beaches at their lakeshores. The villages of Glloboçeni, Pustec, Tuminec, and Zrnovsko have sandy and rocky beaches. Dolna Gorica's beach is sandy.
- Day of Wine (Ден на виното) (Dolna Gorica). This annual event is held in December in Dolna Gorica. It involves a contest for the best wine.
- 1 Hotel Restaurant Park "Aleksander" (Pustec), ☎ . Located south of Pustec on the lake, this hotel is set in peaceful nature with beautiful views of the surroundings.
- Prespa (Macedonia) is easily accessible from Pustec Municipality with the border crossing at Gorna Gorica and Stenje. This side of Prespa contains most of the Great Prespa Lake. It is home to a wealth of historic churches and monasteries, an ethnological museum, a bird sanctuary, and the island of Golem Grad.
- Prespa (Greece) is accessed via the crossing between Bilisht and Krystallopigi roughly 35 km (21 mi) south of Pustec. Most of the Small Prespa Lake is found here, as well as a portion of the Great Prespa Lake. The villages have seen heavy depopulation but many historical sights are found here.
- Korçë is the major city of this region of Albania.