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General Sherman, the world's largest tree, in Sequoia National Park

Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks are United States National Parks in the Sierra Nevada region of California. These two adjacent parks offer a variety of mountain and forest scenery.

Understand[edit]

Although they are separate national parks, Sequoia and Kings Canyon generally operate as a single unit in many ways. One fee (US $5 per person or US $20 per private vehicle) allows entrance to both parks.

The combined area of these two parks is 865,952 acres (3,504 km²) with most of that area being wilderness backcountry. The altitude in the parks ranges from 1,300 feet (418m) to 14,505 ft (4421 m). The front country area can be divided into these areas: The Foothills, Giant Forest, Mineral King, Grant Grove, and Kings Canyon and Cedar Grove.

History[edit]

Humans have travelled or lived in the Southern Sierra for at least 6-7,000 years. In the higher mountains, and also down into the western foothills, lived hunters and gatherers remembered today as the Monache or Western Mono. West of the Monache in the lowest foothills and also across the expanses of the Great Central Valley were a second group, the Yokuts.

In the late 1700s and early 1800s, Spanish began exploring the edge of the Sierras. Soon afterwards, trappers, sheepherders, miners, and loggers poured into the Sierras seeking to exploit whatever the mountains had to offer. By the end of the 19th century, San Joaquin Valley communities increasingly looked to the Sierras for water and recreation. In the struggle between all these competing interests, two national parks were created that became Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. Today the parks protect 265 Native American archeological sites and 69 historic sites.

Landscape[edit]

Sequoia is named for its groves of Sequoia trees, the largest trees known, and Kings Canyon is named for the deep valley of the Kings River.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Extreme topographic differences and a striking elevation gradient (ranging from 1,360 feet (412 m) in the foothills to 14,494 feet (4,417 m) along the Sierran crest) create a rich tapestry of environments, from the hot, dry lowlands along the western boundary to the stark and snow-covered alpine high country.

This topographic diversity in turn supports over 1,200 species (and more than 1400 taxa, including subspecies and varieties) of vascular plants, which make up dozens of unique plant communities. These include not only the renowned groves of massive giant sequoia, but also vast tracts of montane forests, spectacular alpine habitats, and oak woodlands and chaparral.

The richness of the Sierran flora mirrors that of the state as a whole—of the nearly 6,000 species of vascular plants known to occur in California, over 20% of them can be found within Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks.

Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks support a wide diversity of animal species, reflecting the range in elevation, climate, and habitat variety here. Over 260 native vertebrate species are in the parks; numerous additional species may be present but have not been confirmed. Of the native vertebrates, five species are extirpated (extinct here), and over 150 are rare or uncommon.

There have been some studies of invertebrates here, but there is not enough information to know how many species occur in the parks. Many of the parks' caves contain invertebrates, some of which occur only in one cave and are known nowhere else in the world.

Climate[edit]

Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation+Snow totals in inches
See Grant Grove's 7 day forecast    Data from NOAA (1981-2010)
Metric conversion
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation+Snow totals in mm

Foothills[edit]

These lower elevations (under 4,000 feet) are characterized by mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. Precipitation usually occurs from January to mid-May; rain in the summer is rare. Average rainfall is about 26" (66 cm). During the winter, low-hanging clouds often drift in from the west, obscuring the countryside for several days at a time.

Middle Elevations[edit]

Summer in this forested area of the parks offers warm days and cool evenings. These elevations (4,000 - 7,000 feet) receive an average of 40-45" (102–114 cm) of precipitation annually. Much of this falls during the winter, resulting in a deep blanket of snow from December to May. Sub-zero temperatures, however, are rare. In the summer, occasional afternoon thundershowers may occur.

In fall and winter, Lodgepole Campground is generally 10-15 °F (6-9 °C) colder than the average middle-elevation temperature shown on the chart.

Summer temperatures in Cedar Grove are generally hotter than the average for the middle elevations, and cooler than the foothills. Temperatures in mid-summer may reach the 90's (35-40 °C). Cedar Grove is closed in the winter due to common rockfalls on the road.

Get in[edit]

Map of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks

The parks are distant from major cities and airports, and there is no public transportation to or within King Canyon National Park, only Sequoia National Park

By plane[edit]

The closest commercial airports are Fresno Airport and Bakersfield. The nearest international airport is Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). All three offer car rentals. To reach Sequoia Park, take Greyhound to Visalia, then the Sequoia Shuttle to the park.

By train[edit]

Fresno and Hanford are the closest cities with an Amtrak station, both served by the San Joaquins Oakland/Sacramento - Bakersfield route. Transfer to the Amtrak or KART county bus to Visalia for the Sequoia Shuttle to Sequoia National Park.

By bus[edit]

Greyhound stops in Fresno and Visalia. From Visalia, a $20 round trip shuttle goes to Sequoia National Park.

By car[edit]

The parks are on the western slope of the Sierra Nevada, and can only be entered by car from the west. The two main entrances are:

  • Route 180 east from Fresno. This enters the parks at Grant Grove and divides there to go either northeast to the main part of Kings Canyon or southeast to Sequoia. This is the recommended route from Northern California, and from Southern California if you intend to go directly to Kings Canyon.
  • Route 198 northeast from Visalia. This enters Sequoia from the south, and is the recommended route from Southern California. This route is not recommended by the park for long vehicles such as RVs. On 12 a mile stretch from Potwisha Campground to Giant Forest Museum in Sequoia Park, advised maximum is 22 feet (6.7m). Maximum length limit on the Generals Highway is 40 feet (12 m) for single vehicles, 50 feet (15 m) for vehicles plus a towed unit.

Both routes are winding mountain roads; driving speeds will be slower than usual and special conditions will apply in winter.

The Northern park entrance is somewhat more than an hour east of Fresno, with the park centers being another 45–60 minutes, and the total driving time from San Francisco should be close to five hours, and a little less from Los Angeles, using the Southern entrance. Those coming from the South may still prefer to enter the parks via the Northern entrance, since that route is less winding once you enter the parks. Larger vehicles such as RVs are not allowed from just inside the Southern entrance to Giant forest.

The Mineral Kings area is accessed via a separate road off Highway 198. Turn right in Three Rivers, before reaching the Ash Mountain park entrance. The road is single lane, and paved only part of the way.

Gasoline is not sold in the park, except the Grant Grove market which sells cans of emergency gas, so you should be careful to fill up at one of the towns on the way to the park or in the National Forest between Grant Grove and the rest of Kings Canyon.

By foot[edit]

The Eastern parts of the park are accessible from trailheads off Highway 395.

The Pacific Crest Trail (PCT) is a well-known trail that extends along the West coast of the United States, from Mexico to Canada. It passes through California, Oregon, and Washington State.

Fees and permits[edit]

Entrances fees are valid for seven days and allow unlimited re-entry to both Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. Fees as of 2020 are:

  • $20 Individual on foot or bike
  • $30 Motorcycle
  • $35 Private vehicle
  • $70 Sequoia & Kings Canyon Annual Pass

There are several passes for groups traveling together in a private vehicle or individuals on foot/bike that provide free entry to Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks and all national parks, as well as some national monuments, national wildlife refuges, and national forests:

  • The $80 Annual Pass (valid for twelve months from date of issue) can be purchased by anyone. Military personnel can obtain a free pass by showing a Common Access Card (CAC) or Military ID.
  • The $80 Senior Pass (valid for the life of the holder) is available to U.S. citizens or permanent residents age 62 or over. Applicants must provide documentation of citizenship and age. This pass also provides a fifty percent discount on some park amenities. Seniors can also obtain a $20 annual pass.
  • The free Access Pass (valid for the life of the holder) is available to U.S. citizens or permanent residents with permanent disabilities. Applicants must provide documentation of citizenship and permanent disability. This pass also provides a fifty percent discount on some park amenities.
  • The free Volunteer Pass is available to individuals who have volunteered 250 or more hours with federal agencies that participate in the Interagency Pass Program.
  • The free Annual 4th Grade Pass (valid for September-August of the 4th grade school year) allows entry to the bearer and any accompanying passengers in a private non-commercial vehicle. Registration at the Every Kid Outdoors website is required.

The National Park Service offers free admission to all national parks on five days every year:

  • Martin Luther King Jr. Day (third Monday in January); next observance is January 18, 2021
  • The first day of National Park Week (third Saturday in April); next observance is April 17, 2021
  • The National Park Service Birthday (August 25)
  • National Public Lands Day (fourth Saturday in September); next observance is September 26, 2020
  • Veterans Day (November 11)

Get around[edit]

By car[edit]

Roads through both parks are at high altitude, and are generally slow and winding. Navigation is relatively straightforward: Route 198 is the main road through Sequoia, continuing from the Ash Mountain (southwest) entrance north through Sequoia's main sights (most of which are on signposted side roads) to intersect with route 180 at Grant Grove just inside the Big Stump (west) entrance, while Route 180 is the main road through Kings Canyon, continuing north and then east from Grant Grove to the main Cedar Grove area of Kings Canyon. Parking is generally ample at most sights in the park.

By free in-park shuttle[edit]

Sequoia National Park provides a free in-park shuttle. There is no public transportation in Kings Canyon National Park.

See[edit]

Zumwalt Meadow in Kings Canyon National Park

Driving in the parks provide mostly up-close views of trees, so the roadside vista points that do exist should not be overlooked:

  • The road to Cedar Grove provides many excellent views of the narrow Kings Canyon.
  • Between Grant Grove and Lodgepole is only one major lookout. Great view of the Sierras.
  • The steep and winding road from Giant Forest down to the Ash Mountain entrance has some good vistas of the Kaweah River valley.

The following are some of the scenic attractions in Sequoia and Kings Canyon, divided by area. A broad variety of wildlife can be seen in both parks, including deer, birds, and bears.

Visitor Centers[edit]

  • 1 Cedar Grove Visitor Center (On Highway 180, 30 miles (48 km) east of Grant Grove. Next to Sentinel Campground.). This visitor center is next to the South Fork of the Kings River in mixed conifer forest at an elevation of 4,600 feet (1,400 m). Learn about the natural and cultural history of the Cedar Grove area. A bookstore offers books, maps,and educational items. Other services include accessible restrooms and a pay phone.
  • 2 Foothills Visitor Center (On the Generals Highway 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the Ash Mountain Entrance.). In the foothills oaks and chaparral; elevation 1,500 feet (457 m). Focus here is on the Sierran foothills, the most biologically diverse area of these parks.
  • 3 Giant Forest Museum (On the Generals Highway 16 miles (26 km) north of the Ash Mountain Entrance.). Housed in a historic market building in the Giant Forest sequoia grove at 6,500 feet (1,980 m) elevation. Learn about sequoia groves and fire. Get park information and browse books in a small bookstore.
  • 4 Kings Canyon Visitor Center (On Highway 180 in Grant Grove Village, 3 miles (5 km) east of the Big Stump Entrance.). This visitor center is in Grant Grove Village at an elevation of 6,500 feet (1,980 m). Stop here to learn about three magnificent regions in Kings Canyon National Park: giant sequoia groves, the Kings Canyon itself (often called Cedar Grove), and the High Sierra. Watch a 15-minute movie (English/Spanish). A park store sells books, maps, and educational materials. Other services include accessible restrooms, a pay phone, local wilderness permits, and an AED for cardiac emergencies.
  • 5 Lodgepole Visitor Center (On the Generals Highway 21 miles (34 km) north of the Ash Mountain Entrance. 2 miles (3 km) north of the General Sherman Tree.). In the conifer zone; elevation 6,700 feet (2,040 m). Explore the natural and human history of the southern Sierra Nevada and view a short video, "Bears of the Sierra."
  • 6 Mineral King Ranger Station (On the Mineral King Road 24 miles (39 km) from the junction of Highway 198 in Three Rivers.). In the mixed-conifer forest; elevation 7,600 feet (2,320 m).This small station houses some exhibits on Mineral King's human and natural history. Books, maps, and educational items for sale. Bear canisters available. Pay phone in nearby campground. First aid. Local wilderness permits.

Sequoia[edit]

  • Grants Grove, a grove of giant Sequoia trees at the west entrance to the parks.
    • 7 General Grants Tree. Proclaimed as the Nation's Christmas tree. General Grant (Q1501618) on Wikidata General Grant (tree) on Wikipedia
    • 8 Fallen Monarch. You can walk inside this fallen sequoia tree which is just next to General Grants tree. Fallen Monarch (Q69724502) on Wikidata
  • 9 Giant Forest. a collection of groves at the center of Sequoia a few miles south of the main Visitor Center, including the General Sherman Tree, the world's largest (by volume and weight) tree. The area centers around a museum, and the grove can be seen along a 1-2 mile looping trail. The parking area is 0.4 miles uphill from the grove, so those who may not be able to easily walk back up the trail (remember that the elevation is 7000 feet) may want to arrange for a pickup from the main park road. Giant Forest (Q1647964) on Wikidata Giant Forest on Wikipedia
  • Moro Rock-Crescent Meadow Road. A 3-mile (5 km) road leaving General's Highway at the Giant Forest Museum. Leads to several features at the south of the Giant Forest. Note that this road is not recommended for trailers or RVs. Moro Rock Trail (Q49887351) on Wikidata
    • 10 Moro Rock. A granite dome you can climb to the top of via a steep 1/4-mile (0.4-km) staircase to the summit (300-foot, 91-m elevation gain). The top provides spectacular views of Sequoia's mountains and the Great Western Divide. Note that this is not for those afraid of heights as the staircase is very narrow with steep drop-offs. Moro Rock (Q2156029) on Wikidata Moro Rock on Wikipedia
    • 11 Tunnel Log. A fallen sequoia in which you can drive your car through the tree. A bypass is available for tall vehicles. It is at an extremely short drive from Moro Rock and shouldn't be missed if visiting Moro Rock. Tunnel Log (Q12221086) on Wikidata
    • 12 Auto Log. A giant sequoia log formerly available for vehicles to drive onto, for a photo opportunity. The natural process of decay has put an end to the practice as the log can no longer safely support the weight of a vehicle. Auto Log (Q72073005) on Wikidata
    • 13 Crescent Meadow. A High-Sierra meadow awash with wildflowers in the summer. Crescent Meadow (Q49588723) on Wikidata

Kings Canyon[edit]

  • 14 Cedar Grove. the main area of Kings Canyon, is about 45 minutes northeast of Grants Grove. The deep canyon offers impressive mountain scenery, a waterfall, and broad meadows. Cedar Grove, Fresno County, California (Q5056694) on Wikidata Cedar Grove, Fresno County, California on Wikipedia
    • 15 Roaring River Falls. Cut by the Roaring River down a narrow granite chute. A trail connects the falls viewing area to Zumwalt Meadow 1.8 miles away. Roaring River Falls (Q72919116) on Wikidata
    • 16 Zumwalt Meadow. A large meadow with a two mile loop trail. (Q49612869) on Wikidata
    • Road's End. Literally the end of highway 180. A parking area provides access to many backcountry trails. Muir's Rock is located near the parking area and provides impressive views of the King's River surrounded by high peaks.
  • 17 Mineral King. A secluded, narrow, alpine valley accessible by car. Two campgrounds in the area, from which it's possible to make day hikes to lakes and mountain passes with splendid views. Mineral King (Q3314882) on Wikidata Mineral King on Wikipedia

Do[edit]

Sequoia and Kings Canyon both provide many trails for hiking and backpacking, and some facilities for horseback riding.

Day hikes[edit]

  • Alta Peak. Longer day hike to a rugged peak with excellent views. The most practical trailhead is Wolverton, just south of Lodgepole.
  • Big Stump Trail. Near the Big Stump Entrance in Kings Canyon, this 2-mile loop trail explores a grove that was heavily logged in the late 19th century.
  • Lookout peak. Easy day hike from Grant Grove. Especially attractive in the winter when the road to Cedar Grove is closed, as it affords a similar view.
  • Mist Falls Hike. A good day hike when in the canyon.
  • Tokopah falls. Easier day hike to a large waterfall, near Lodgepole. 3.5 miles round-trip.
  • Crystal Cave Tours, Crystal Cave Rd (15 miles (24 km) from the Sequoia Park entrance on Hwy 198, and 3 miles (5 km) south of the General Sherman Tree Maximum vehicle length is 22' (6.7 m)), +1 559 565-3759. Tour times: Saturdays 11AM, 12PM, 1PM, 2PM, 3PM, & 4PM; Sundays through Fridays at 11AM, 2PM, & 3PM. A large cave filled with various water-sculpted features. The temperature in the cave is 50°F (10°C) so dress warmly. No strollers, tripods, or baby backpacks are allowed in the cave and it is not wheelchair accessible. Tickets for a tour must be bought at either the Lodgepole or Foothills visitor center, neither of which is located near the cave. No tickets are sold at the cave. Adults (13-61): $12, children (6-12): $6, seniors (62 and up): $8.95, six and under are free.

Eat[edit]

Food and shops are available at Grant Grove, Lodgepole, and Cedar Grove visitor centers. Overnight visitors should consider buying some food in advance on the way to the park.

Sleep[edit]

Lodging[edit]

Lodging is available at the Wuksachi Lodge in the Lodgepole area (Sequoia), in the John Muir Lodge and the Grant Grove cabins at Grant Grove Village (Kings Canyon) and at the Cedar Grove Lodge in Cedar Grove (Kings Canyon). Reservations are recommended. Cedar Grove closes for the winter in October.

In addition, a range of hotels and motels are available outside the park, including several lodges in the National Forest (on the road from Grants Grove to Cedar Grove) and motels in Three Rivers (on Route 198 near the southwest entrance).

Camping[edit]

Camping is the most common way to stay in the park. There are campgrounds available in all areas of the park, although the ones closest to main attractions may require reservations at peak times. All campers should be aware of the presence of bears, and should stow any unattended food in bear-proof containers as instructed by park rangers.

  • 1 Atwell Mill Campground (19 miles (31 km) from Highway 198 on Mineral King Road, which turns off in Three Rivers, and 6 miles (10 km) before the end of the road.). 21 sites. The campground is situated along the East Fork of the Kaweah River in a once logged sequoia grove. There are limited services at Silver City Resort, 1.7 miles (3 km) east of the campground. More extensive services can be found in the town of Three Rivers, 23 miles (37 km) west of Atwell Mill Campground. $12 per night (2020 rates).
  • 2 Azalea Campground. 110 sites. All sites are first-come, first-served. Azalea campground is located 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from Kings Canyon Park entrance in the Grant Grove area. The campground is situated under open stands of evergreen trees. Services can be found in Grant Grove Village. $18 per night for tent and RV sites (2020 rates).
  • 3 Buckeye Flat Campground (on the Generals Highway, 6 miles inside the park entrance. To reach the campground, use Highway 198 to enter the park through the town of Three Rivers.). 28 sites. The campground is situated on the Middle Fork of the Kaweah River under an open stand of oaks. The closest services can be found in the town of Three Rivers just west of the Ash Mountain Entrance Station. $22 per night (2020 rates).
  • 4 Canyon View Group Campground (32 miles from Kings Canyon Park entrance in the Cedar Grove area. The entrance is along Highway 180.). 16 sites. Canyon View campground is located on Highway 180, 0.25 miles from Cedar Grove Village. The campground is situated on the floor of the canyon along the South Fork of the Kings River. This campground is for medium and large groups. Services can be found in Cedar Grove Village. $40 Mid-Sized Group Site, $50 Large-Size Group Site B, $60 Large-Size Group Sites A, C & D (2020 rates).
  • 5 Cold Springs Campground (23 miles (37 km) from Highway 198 on the Mineral King Road.). 40 sites. All sites are first-come, first-served. The campground is located near the Mineral King Visitor Center amid aspen trees and conifers. There are limited services at Silver City Resort, 2.5 miles (4 km) west of the campground. More extensive services can be found in the town of Three Rivers, 27 miles (44 km) west of Cold Springs Campground. $12 per night (2020 rates).
  • 6 Crystal Springs Campground (4 miles (6 km) from Kings Canyon Park entrance in the Grant Grove area. The entrance is on Crystal Springs Road.). 50 sites, 14 group sites. Group sites can be reserved in advance, individual sites are first-come, first-served. The campground is situated under open stands of evergreen trees. Services can be found in Grant Grove Village. $18 per night for tent and RV sites, $40 Mid-Sized Group Site (2020 rates).
  • 7 Dorst Creek Campground (10 miles (16 km) north of the Giant Forest). 222 sites, 4 group sites. The campground is located under open stands of evergreen trees. Services can be found at Wuksachi Lodge (8 mi, 13 km), Stony Creek Lodge (5.5 mi, 9 km), or Lodgepole Village (9 mi, 14.5 km). $22 per night for tent or RV site, $50 Group Sites A & B, $60 Group Site D, $70 Groups Site C (2020 rates).
  • 8 Lodgepole Campground. 204 sites. This large campground is located in fir forest along the Marble Fork of the Kaweah River. The closest services can be found 0.25 miles away in Lodgepole Village. $22 per night (2020 rates).
  • 9 Moraine Campground (on Highway 180, 0.75 miles from Cedar Grove Village). 121 sites. The campground is situated on the floor of the canyon along the South Fork of the Kings River. Of the Cedar Grove campgrounds, Moraine offers the best views of Kings Canyon's steep granite cliffs. Services can be found in Cedar Grove Village. $18 per night for tent and RV sites (2020 rates).
  • 10 Potwisha Campground (on the Generals Highway, 3.7 miles inside the park entrance. To reach the campground, use Highway 198 to enter the park through the town of Three Rivers.). 42 sites. Situated along the Middle Fork of the Kaweah River under an open stand of oaks, the campground is hot in the summer and usually snow-free in the winter. The closest services can be found in the town of Three Rivers just west of the Ash Mountain Entrance Station. $22 per night (2020 rates).
  • 11 Sentinel Campground (on Highway 180, 0.25 miles from Cedar Grove Village). 82 sites. The campground is situated in the canyon along the South Fork of the Kings River under open stands of evergreen trees. Services can be found in Cedar Grove Village. $18 per night for tent and RV sites (2020 rates).
  • 12 Sheep Creek Campground (on Highway 180, 0.25 miles from Cedar Grove Village). 111 sites. Sheep Creek campground is situated on the floor of the canyon beside the confluence of the South Fork of the Kings River and Sheep Creek. Services can be found in Cedar Grove Village. $18 per night for tent and RV sites (2020 rates).
  • 13 South Fork Campground (Take Highway 198 to the town of Three Rivers. Five miles before the main Sequoia park entrance, turn onto South Fork Road and travel east for 12.3 miles. The paved road ends a short distance before you reach South Fork Campground, and a dirt road continues to the campsites, ending at the Ladybug Trailhead.). 10 sites. All sites are first-come, first-served. This small, primitive campground is situated in a remote area of the foothills on the South Fork of the Kaweah River at the transition from oaks to evergreens. Two trails leave from a trailhead nearby: the Garfield Grove and Ladybug trails. Other park features are over an hour's drive away. The dirt portion of the road is rough, and cars with low clearance are not recommended. Free in Winter, $12 in Summer (2020 rates).
  • 14 Sunset Campground (3 miles (5 km) from Kings Canyon Park entrance near Grant Grove Village). 159 sites, 2 group sites. Sunset Campground is located in an open stand of evergreens. Services can be found in Grant Grove Village. $22 per night for tent or RV site, $40 Group Sites A & B (2020 rates).

Backcountry[edit]

The High Sierra is a backpackers' paradise, and numerous trails wind through Kings Canyon and branch out from Mineral King. Permits are required and may be requested on a first-come, first-served basis at the ranger station nearest the trailhead that is going to be used. Permits are issued the morning of the backpacking trip or after 1PM the day before the trip. The cost of a permit between mid-May and late September is $15 per group. Permits are free the remainder of the year. There is a quota for each trailhead and when it is reached, no more permits are issued for that day. Popular areas may fill well in advance during the summer, so reservations are recommended and can be made after March 1 by faxing in a form (available from www.nps.gov/seki/resform.htm) no later than three weeks prior to the planned start date.

Stay safe[edit]

For all emergencies in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, dial 911 (toll free) from any phone.

Wildlife[edit]

Do not feed or touch any of the wildlife as there is the possibility of acquiring the plague from fleas that live on the animals. Be aware of rattlesnakes and always check where you are stepping.

Cougars (or "mountain lions") also inhabit the park, but are rarely seen. They look like light brown house cats, but 5–8 feet long (including the tail). In the unlikely event that you run into one, don't approach it, and don't run. A cougar expects prey to flee and will react appropriately. Pick up any small children or pets. Make eye contact, spread your arms to make yourself look bigger, and back away slowly. If it approaches you, make noise and throw things at it; let it know that you're dangerous too. If it attacks, don't curl up defensively... fight back.

The park is prime habitat for black bears and it is very likely that you will see one. Stay a safe distance from bears and be careful never to come between a mother bear and her cub. Never leave food in your vehicle or unattended at a camp site. Bear-proof containers are provided for food storage at camp sites and trail heads. Safely storing food is required by park regulations and is essential for your own safety and also for the ultimate well-being of the bears. You can find more information on bears in the park, how to deal with a bear-human encounter, and park regulations about bears at the National Park Service web site. [1]

Ticks are prevalent in the park and may carry Lyme disease. To avoid tick bites, tuck pants legs into socks and tuck shirts into your pants. If you do find an attached tick, remove it carefully with tweezers and seek medical advice from a ranger or a doctor. If bringing your dog along, make sure to check the dog for ticks after your visit as well.

Natural hazards[edit]

Poison oak is also present at elevations up to 5000 feet (1,500 m) in the park. It causes itching, burning rashes in the affected areas and is easily spread. Most trailheads have a bulletin board with a picture of poison oak. If you come in contact with poison oak, wash your clothes and the affected areas immediately. A product named Technu (found in camping stores and drugstores) is good for neutralizing the toxic oils from the plant. Avoid contact with your eyes.

Water from natural sources should be treated or boiled before drinking as it may contain giardia, a protozoa that causes intestinal illness.

Lightning can be a great hazard, especially on rock outcrops, on ridges or in meadows. If a storm approaches, try to get indoors or inside a vehicle. Do not stand under trees or in shallow caves.

Driving[edit]

Many of the roads in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks are very steep. Use low gears when going downhill to avoid overheating and possible failure of the brakes. Slower traffic must use turnouts to let faster vehicles pass.

Especially in winter, roads can be snow-covered or icy. For up-to-date road conditions, call +1 559 565-3341 then press 9, then 4.

For 24-hour emergency towing, dial +1 559 565-3341, then press 0. In Sequoia NP, AAA service is available 24 hour for out-of-gas, lock outs, jump starts, and minor repairs. Call +1 559 565-4070.

Crime[edit]

Due to the remote nature of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, it is sometimes the site of illegal marijuana cultivation. If you come across a marijuana farm, immediately leave the area. Do not linger in the area of the farm as the people who plant the farms are often armed and do not take kindly to visitors. Report to park rangers as well as authorities immediately.

Go next[edit]

  • Yosemite National Park
  • Mount Whitney, the highest mountain in the contiguous United States, lies on the eastern border of Sequoia National Park. However, it is blocked from view from most of the park by the Kern Divide. Unlike other day hikes, hiking in the Mount Whitney area requires a permit. It's a one- or two-day hike; it is very strenuous if done in a single day.
Routes through Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks
Jct N California 33.svg SFresno  W California 180.svg E  END
VisaliaThree Rivers  W California 198.svg E  END




This park travel guide to Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks is a usable article. It has information about the park, for getting in, about a few attractions, and about accommodations in the park. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.