Around the late 1800s there were two main villages: Prittlewell (famous for its Priory which is still standing today in Priory Park) and Leigh-on-Sea (a mile or so along the coast, famous for its cockles and seafood). The town coat of arms for Southend contains the monk and fisherman from monks of the Prittlewell Priory and the fishermen of Leigh-on-Sea.
The modern town known today as Southend was built up as the south end of Prittlewell and expanded into a large resort with its most famous landmark of all - Southend Pier, constructed in 1890.
Popular with Victorian daytrippers from London, the resort expanded generously from the 1830s onwards. Steamer ships would bring hundreds of daytrippers every day down the Thames from London to alight at Southend Pier. It wasn't so much about the sunshine and the sand (well, pebbles) as the "bracing" sea air which was seen as healthy (and probably a nice break from the heavily polluted London air too). Southend's ultimate heyday came in the 1950s and 60s. Daytrippers from the east-end of London would come down on the train to spend the day at the famous Kursaal Amusement park and play the fruit machines in the seafront arcades, or sit on the pebble beach.
South East Essex College, with the University of Essex, has an impressive new campus building directly adjacent to Southend Central Railway Station.
Southend is well served by roads, with two junctions off the London-Orbital motorway, the M25. The A127 (junction 29) and A13 (junction 30) both go direct to the town centre. The A127 is more free-flowing road however gets busy on summer weekends when many day-trippers head to the seaside.
Southend does not have any permanent park and ride facilities, however there is more than enough parking in the town. Expect to pay 80p an hour in a car park and £1 an hour on a parking meter in one of the streets adjacent to the high street. The Seaway car-park, just off the sea-front, or Tylers Avenue Car Park are good choices as they have many car parking spaces and are close to shops and sea. A cheaper alternative is to park at the Victoria Shopping Centre, a 15 minute walk from the seafront (along the high street), but half the cost and free on Sundays.
Southend is served by two railway lines, both about one hour from London. Tickets for one service are not valid on the other line.
Southend Central is in the heart of the town centre and is served by trains from London Fenchurch Street, run by c2c Railways. Trains run every 15 minutes on Monday to Saturday and half-hourly on Sundays. Direct trains travel via Basildon. Slow services via Tilbury add an additional 30 minutes to the journey. c2c trains also stop at Southend East; however this serves the suburb of Southchurch and is not located near the town centre.
Southend Victoria is located at the north end of the town, a 15 minute walk along the main shopping street to get to the Sea. It is served by trains from London Liverpool Street, run by Abellio Greater Anglia. Trains run to and from London every 20 minutes Monday to Saturday and half-hourly on Sundays.
Now branded London Southend Airport, there are a few low cost carriers using Southend Airport to various European destinations.
The majority of flights are operated by Easyjet, flying to Switzerland, Germany, Netherlands and Ireland, amongst others. In the Summer from May to September, Flybe provide Saturday flights from Jersey. Air Lingus fly to Dublin, with many onward connections from there.
The airport has frequent direct train services to London Liverpool Street, and train or local bus (route 9) connections to Southend.
It does not take long to get from one end of the town to another by foot and the walk from Southend Victoria station (to the North) to the sea (to the South) will take at most 15 minutes. From the seafront it is possible to walk East towards Thorpe Bay or West towards and Westcliff. Please note that some walks will probably involve steep hills.
There is a 8km long cycle track along the seafront between Westcliff and Garon's Park. There is also a cycle track from the Southend Victoria station to Priory Park. You cannot cycle along the High Street.
Cycle hire is available from Southend Central station, and both train lines allow cycles to be taken on trains without a reservation.
It is possible to get around Southend by car and the roads are usually not busy. For most flexbility, this is the preferred method of transport for many people in the town and it is possible to get from one side to another with ease.
Southend has a reliable, frequent bus service run by Arriva Buses  and First Buses . Buses run regularly during the day however tend to stop quite early in the evenings (there are no night bus services), so be sure to know the time of the last bus to save disappointment later in the evening. Minor services are operated by Stephensons of Essex .
Buses can be picked up at the modern travel centre located just away from the high-street. All buses in Southend stop here and there is a travel centre where information and timetables can be obtained.
An Octopus ticket is expensive (£4.50 per day) but is valid for all the bus companies. Tickets valid for one bus company only are slightly cheaper. You can pay in cash when you board.
Southend is well served by Taxis, however there are relatively few 'black cabs' and so taxis have to be picked up from designated taxi ranks or booked over the telephone. Taxis can work out expensive for longer journeys and the prices go up after midnight.
- 1 Southend Pier, Southend Sea Front (End of the high-street), ☎ , . Open all year round. At 1 1/3 miles (2158 metres) long it is the longest pleasure pier in the world. Although damaged a couple of times during its life by boat collisions and fires, the Pier, which has recently undergone a major revamp, can be accessed on foot or by the pier train which will take you to the far end where there is constant deep water, although the waters are tidal. At the "dry end" you can visit the Pier museum. A fire severely damaged the pier head on 9 October 2005, destroying a large part of it. This part is off limits, but the section from the shore to the cordoned off head is still open to the public. There is a cafe at the end of the pier and also a shop supporting the RNLI (Royal National Lifeboat Institution). In the summer Thames Barges are often seen at the end of the pier for visitors to admire.
- Pier Fireworks, At southend Pier. Every Saturday night from October to Guy Fawkes Night (5 Nov). Fireworks are lit at the foot of the pier for all to see - they start 8PM. Free.
- 2 Prittlewell Priory. Modern, family-friendly museum and formal gardens, set among the substantial ruins of a medieval priory with a 900 year history. The grounds of the priory form a large public park. In the north of the park a anglo-saxon burial was discovered which pre-dates the monastry by 1,000 years. Free.
- 3 Sea Life Centre, Eastern Esplanade (opposite the Kursaal), ☎ . Open 10AM-5 to 7PM M-Su. A themed aquarium featuring marine life found all along the Thames Estuary as well as tropical fish from foreign climes. It also has the Three Shells Cafe and a small shop for when you're done admiring the aquatic life. £10.20 adults, £7.20 children.
- 4 Westcliff Gardens, Western Esplanade (West of the Pier). Open all year around. The beautiful gardens have won many awards over the years including accolades at the Chelsea Flower Show. It is worth stopping here for lunch or a quiet stroll along the cliff gardens. Free.
- 5 Cliff Lift. Delightfully crazy cliff railway, built in 1912, is an easy way to the top of the cliff.
- 6 Beecroft Art Gallery, Victoria Avenue, ☎ . Open 10AM-1PM and 2PM-5PM Tu-Sa. Local art gallery with a large collection of artwork. Occasional exhibitions (see the website for more details). Free.
- 7 The Cliffs Pavilion, Station Road, ☎ . The Cliffs Pavilion is a renowned theatre venue located in Westcliff-on-Sea. There is always a show on and it is possible to see many famous acts including music, comedy and theatre. Tickets start from around £10 but bargains can be found on the opening night of shows.
- 8 The Palace Theatre, London Road, ☎ . The Palace Theatre is the Cliffs' sister venue and shows alternative arts including plays and musicals.
- 9 Old Leigh. Leigh-On-Sea (nearest station: Leigh-on-Sea). Stroll along the sea wall past Chalkwell Railway Station and you come to the sandy beach by the Bell Wharf in Leigh "Old Town" (known as Old Leigh). Visit the Lynn Tait Gallery, stroll on past the cockle sheds and take a walk round the bird sanctuary on Two-Tree Island (at the rear of Leigh-On-Sea Railway Station).
- 10 Hadleigh Castle, Hadleigh (nearest station: Leigh-on-Sea), ☎ . Open during daylight hours M-Su. A popular historic attraction and can be seen on the hillside as you travel by train between Benfleet and Leigh-on-Sea stations. The castle in its current state is just some ruins and there is no shop or guide; however, there is free on-site parking. It is possible to walk from Leigh-on-Sea station but the walk is around 2 miles through fields. Nearby is a petting zoo and a farm run by the Salvation Army. Free.
- 11 Shoeburyness East Beach (Shoeburyness rail station or Bus route 9). Quiet, windswept beach popular for kite flying and surfing. An area of grass winds alongside the beach with facilities for holding a barbecue. Facilities include car parking and toilets.
- 12 Southchurch Hall. Medieval manor house and park.
- 13 The Kursaal. Grade II listed building, originally an amusement arcade but now empty.
- 14 The Forum (Off the High Street). Built in 2013 together with the University of Essex, the Forum is a combination of public library, art gallery and event space. Check the website for talks and lectures available to the public. Free.
- 15 Central Museum. Museum and Planetarium
- 1 Adventure Island, Adventure Island, Sunken Gardens, Western Esplanade, Southend on Sea, SS1 1EE, ☎ . A true Southend seafront landmark that has been entertaining families for over 40 years, Adventure Island is a small amusement park with various rides ranging from scary to serene. Entry is free, but to access the vast majority of rides you need to buy a wristband. There are varying colours and price bands for wristbands so it's best to check the website (you can also pre-book wristbands there, which is much cheaper). Opening times vary - please check the website. During the winter months the park usually only opens on the weekends.
- Adventure Inside, Adventure Island, Sunken Gardens, Western Esplanade, Southend on Sea, SS1 1EE, ☎ . A wet weather alternative to Adventure Island for families that is situated in the centre of the Adventure Island complex. It's also open during the winter when Adventure Island is closed. It's entirely indoors and has a handful of fairground rides including a carousel and a swinging pirate boat. The rest of the space has an indoor adventure play area and a large arcade. You can buy a wristband to access the rides, but the arcade is pay-as-you-go and you are given a free game card which you put money onto.
- 2 City Beach. The beaches in Southend stretch for miles along the seafront, with many small shops selling ice creams and doughnuts. City Beach, located between the Pier and Sealife Centre is the best. It has child-friendly fountains and a modern feel. Beyond the Sealife Centre and Southchurch Park the beaches continue but cafes and other facilities don't.
- 3 Three Shells Beach and Lagoon. The beach at the Three Shells, to the West of Adventure Island, is the most sandy. It has a climbing frame, showers, and a boating lake. It can easily become crowded on sunny bank holidays.
- 4 Westcliff Beach. The beaches get quieter further from the pier, but there are still cafes regularly spaced to the west. The area around the Beach Hut in Westcliff is a local favourite: a quiet and traditional beach with an old tidal pool.
- 5 Amusement Arcades. Southend Seafront. Open all day all year round. The arcades are an area offering video game machines, bingo, pool tables and fruit machines. Games cost between 50p and £1 per game and the area is very popular during the summer months. Free to enter.
- Old Leigh. Leigh-on-Sea (nearest railway station: Leigh-On-Sea). The Old Leigh area is by the seafront around 3 miles from Southend and you can purchase freshly caught Thames cockles, winkes by the pint or half pint as well as a wide selection of other sea food. There's also a large selection of pubs and bars which are popular on summer evenings.
- The Old Leigh Regatta. Old Leigh (nearest railway station: Leigh-On-Sea). Days and times open. The regatta takes place during a weekend every September in Old Leigh (nearest station: Leigh-On-Sea) and there are many markets stalls, live bands, sailing and water-based activities and the bars open late into the evening. Free entry.
- 6 Hockley Woods and Cherry Orchard Way Park, Hockley (nearest railway station: Hockley). Hockley is the largest woodland area in Essex as well as a popular bird-watching site. The woods open out into Cherry Orchard Way Park, an area of meadow and farmland which is open to the public. Together, they form part of many nature walks, including the Saffron Trail. There are no facilities other than a car park and toilets (at Hockley Woods). Car parking is also available on Cherry Orchard Way, Edward's Hall Park and Gusted Hall Lane. Free.
- Belfairs Woods, Eastwood Road North, near Leigh on Sea (Easily accessibly by bus and car), . Open all year around. Has nature walks, a cafeteria, golf facilities and as large car park. Free to enter however you will have to pay to park.
- Belfairs Public Golf Course, ☎ . Belfairs Woods. Open all year around. Features a large public 18 hole golf course as well as a 9 hole pitch and putt course. 18 holes costs £12+ and pitch and putt is £2+.
- Garon Park Pitch and Putt, Garons Park. Open all year round. Second public golf course in Southend offering a driving range and 18 hole course.
- Waverley Boat Excursion. Southend Pier Head (Get the train to the end of the pier). Waverley run boat trips up and down the Thames from the Pier head all year around, leaving during the day as well as into the evening.
- 1 The High Street. Southend High Street is the major shopping centre for the area. Throughout the two shopping centres and the pedestrianised High Street itself are the normal selection of large chains, with a small scattering of independent shops. The north end (near Southend Victoria train station) has Victoria Plaza shopping centre and a cinema complex, while the south end (near the Pier) has the Royals Shopping Centre. The shops comprise a mix of travel agents, banks, building societies, telephone shops, stationers, and shoe shops; department stores are represented by Marks and Spencers and Debenhams.
- 2 Hamlet Court Road. The main shopping area in Westcliff is Hamlet Court Road and well worth a visit, with some pretty decent eateries along it. There are many independent shops here.
- 3 Leigh Broadway. In Leigh-on-Sea, visit the shops along Leigh Road, Leigh Broadway and Rectory Grove, where you will be spoilt for choice. Includes a mixture of chains, independent and boutique shops. For evening entertainment there are a couple of nightclubs and some casinos as well as numerous pubs and restaurants, cinemas and theaters, not to mention the Mecca Bingo.
- The Mews, 2 Nelson Mews (Near Southend Central Station), ☎ . Located in the centre of Southend, close to the railway station, The Mews offers a fine selection of wines and beers; and an open kitchen serving contemporary meals from lunchtime through to the evening.
- Tomassis, High Street (Seafront end), +44 1702 435000 . Probably the nicest place to eat on the High Street and certainly with the best selection of Italian ice-cream for miles around. Try their "Italian Black Magic" - scrumptious!
- Pizza Express, 9 London Road, ☎ . Open 11:30AM-Midnight M-Su. part of a national chain and offers pizza and pasta. It is possible to sit outside (however this would be difficult during the summer evenings). Pizza/Bowl of pasta costs around £7 to £10.
- Pizza Hut, 14-16 Southchurch Road, ☎ . Open 11AM-10PM Su-Th, 11AM-11PM F-Sa. Run of the mill pizza and pasta restaurant, part of a national chain. Good selection of food and OK service. Worth going at lunchtimes (all week) for the all-you-can-eat buffet lunch. £10 a pizza, £4 for lunchtime buffet (pizza-only) and £6 for lunchtime buffet (pizza, pasta and salad). (Often special offers to get second pizza half price)
- Brewers Fayre, Eastern Esplanade, Southend On Sea, SS99 1YY, ☎ . Open 12PM-11PM Mo-Sa, 12PM-10:30PM Su. Situated underneath the Premier Inn on the Eastern Esplanade. Serves typical "pub grub" with a few so-called "international favourites". Has themed nights with different buffet food on offer each night. Has the benefit of there being a car park on-site, but you will have to pay for parking.
- 1 Old Leigh Cockle Sheds, Old Leigh. Open during the day and late into summer evenings.. There are various cocklesheds and seafood retailers in Old Leigh and sampling some freshly caught fish is recommended should you visit the area. You can get Thames cockles or winkles by the pint or half pint as well as prawns, eels and more. £2-5.
- McDonalds, Two branches in High Street, another by Southend Airport and one in Temple Sutton.
- Burger King, located on the high street near the Victoria shopping centre.
- Along the London Road at Westcliff is a wide range of restaurants from Thai to Italian, Chinese, Cantonese, Japanese, Spanish, Portuguese.. too many to mention.
- In Leigh-on-Sea, visit the restaurants along Leigh Road, Leigh Broadway and Rectory Grove, where you will be spoilt for choice.
- Many of the bars listed below offer food at both varying prices (but not more than £10 per meal) and quality.
- The Squeeze, 1 Rectory Grove, Leigh. Choose from Gold award winning healthy eating menu. Tasty and good! Fabulous freshly made smoothies.
- The Grove Cafe Restaurant, 4 Belton Corner, ☎ . W 9AM-5PM, Th-F 9AM-9PM, Sa-Su 9:30AM-5PM. A family owned restaurant. It has the most spectacular garden in leigh, with the most beautiful views of the estuary. Offering a wide range of different foods and flavours, a hearty full English, mezze sharing platters, pastas, stir-fries freshly caught fish, fish and chips, and a selection of tasty goodies for children.
- 3 Three Shells. Serves fish and chips, ice cream, etc. On the beach 2 mins west of the pier. Has indoor seating with views of the sea.
- 4 Yak and Yeti Restaurants, Southend, 1030 London Road Leigh-on-Sea Southend SS9 3ND, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Sunday: 1:00PM to 10:00PM; buffet only Monday to Thursday: 5:00PM to 11:30PM; Friday and Saturday: 12:30PM to 2:30PM, 5PM to Midnight. Touts its "authentic Indian cuisine along with delicious Nepalese and Tibetan cooking".
- Starbucks, 135 High Street and 188/190 High Street, ☎ , .
- Costa Coffee, Two branches on the High Street (Located on the corner of The Royals shopping centre, and to the North end of the High Street opposite Clinton Cards), . Ubiquitous UK chain coffee bar.
- The Last Post, High Street (See below for more information). Serves a wide range of coffees for 69p.
- Tomassis, High Street (Seafront end), +44 1702 435000. The Italian cafeteria offers many coffees and drinks and is open all day.
Pubs, bars, etc
Despite the recent introduction of 24-hour alcohol licenses in the UK, there are relatively few pubs open beyond 11PM in Southend, due mainly to the local police force fighting all applications for extensions of licenses. The normal night out in Southend therefore beings in a pub until around 9:30PM when people visit one of the many nightclubs to continue drinking and dancing until 5AM in the morning.
- Ocean Beach, ☎ . Eastern Esplanade. A bar and bistro located on the sands in Thorpe Bay. Enjoy a relaxing bistro meal overlooking the estuary. Ocean beach has a restaurant capacity of 60 inside for a Full Bistro Menu, with a further 60 outside with a Bistro Decking Menu.
- The Last Post, Weston Road. Open 10AM-11PM M-Sa, 12PM-10:30PM Su. The pub is a run-of-the-mill Wetherspoons pub and is built in a former post office (hence the name) and offers a wide range of beers, wines and spirits as well as a mediocre selection of food. There are always a few real ales on tap however the quality varies. Like other JD Wetherspoon pubs, there is no music but premiership football is shown at weekends. It gets busy on Friday and Saturday nights due to cheapness of the drinks. Around £2 a pint (Probably the cheapest place to drink in the town centre).
- The Alex, Alexandra Street. Open all week. Frequented by students of the local college. It offers a nightclub which plays alternative/indie music which is open at weekends. There is a small beer garden at the back of the pub and a couple of pool tables.
- Varsity, Chichester Road. Open 10AM-11PM M-W, 10AM-1AM Th-Sa and 12PM-12:30AM Su. It is a new bar built under a Travelodge hotel and is popular at weekends where a DJ is present. Around £2.75 a pint.
- The Slug & Lettuce, 8 Southchurch Road, ☎ . Open 10AM-11PM M-W, 10AM-1AM Th-Sa and 12PM-12:30AM Su. Famous for its large beer garden. Sit back, slap on the sun screen and enjoy a nice cold beer, glass of wine or cocktail.
- The Roslin Beach Hotel, Thorpe Eplanade, ☎ . A contemporary Restaurant serving some of the best locally caught seafood in Southend.A full and varied A La Carte menu, snacks and a children's menu. A large continental style terrace overlooking an award winning beach to enjoy a chilled glass of wine.
- 1 The Polugh and Sail, Paglesham East End, SS4 2EQ. A real country pub full of local character and good food. In the middle of nowhere, but worth the trip. Only really accessable by car / taxi.
- Maison Renouf (Rochford, Southend-on-Sea), Bradley Way, Rochford, Southend-on-Sea, SS41BU (located in the picturesque market town of Rochford, 200 yds from the mainline station to London), ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Check-in: 3PM - 11PM, check-out: 7AM - 11AM. Free WiFi, Free parking, Free Gym, Exclusive 'Raid the Larder' 24/7 free teas, coffee, muffins, biscuits, frut and mineral water. Standard single £79.00, Executive Double £99.50, Executive Suite £115.00..
- Travelodge (Southend Central), Chichester Road, ☎ , fax: . Ideally situated in the town centre, the Travelodge provides basic accommodation for a low price. £49 per room per night; single, double and twins available. (It is possible to get a room for as little as £15 per night if you book far enough in advance.)
- Premier Inn (Eastern Esplanade), Eastern Esplanade, Southend On Sea, SS1 2YT (About a 10 minute walk from the pier, located right on the sea front), ☎ , fax: . A short walk from the pier and other attractions and smack bang on the seafront, this is an easy hotel to use as a base. The surroundings aren't too attractive as it's next to a derelict site, but you can easily ask for a sea view room - the higher up you are, the better! The restaurant, a Brewers Fayre, is located on the ground floor. From £42.50.
- Premier Inn (Thorpe Bay), 213 Eastern Esplanade, Southend-On-Sea, Essex SS1 3AD (About a 15 minute walk from the pier, located just behind the sea front), ☎ , fax: . A short ride from the town centre (either by driving or via taxi or Arriva bus route 9), this hotel is situated just behind the seafront and front-facing rooms have coastal views. It is next to the Halfway House pub offering carvery meals all day long. Note that this hotel does not offer the Premier Inn Breakfast but takeaway breakfasts are available. From £42.50.
- Premier Inn (Southend Airport), Thanet Grange, Princes Avenue, Southend On Sea SS2 6GB (Near Westcliff; just off the A127), ☎ , fax: . This hotel is more suited to those using the nearby London Southend Airport and is a 15 minute drive from the seafront. It is next to a pub which is open all day however there are no facilities nearby except for a Tesco Extra superstore. From £45.00.
- Roslin Beach Hotel, The Roslin Beach Hotel, Thorpe Esplanade, Thorpe Bay, Essex SS1 3BG (Around 5 minutes' drive from town), ☎ , fax: . The newly refurbished Roslin Beach Hotel is situated in the peaceful town of Thorpe Bay which has a fine view of the Thames Estuary, and is situated directly opposite a charming beach which has acquired the "Quality Coast Award 2007". The hotel is ideal for those looking for a hotel in a quieter area and is situated only 5 minutes drive from Southend-on-Sea.
Southend is relatively safe for tourists, but you should avoid wandering off the beaten track. As with anywhere, walking alone at night should be done with great caution. Although the suburb Shoeburyness is mainly a small residential area, it does contain housing estates, many are run down and look nearly derelict. Avoid these in the evening, the most well known housing estate is at The Renown in Shoeburyness and is very dodgy at night. However, it is away from the tourist areas and there should be no need for a tourist to visit these areas. Like housing estates in Shoeburyness, parks can be a hotspot for crime due to their isolation, especially Sweyne Park in Rayleigh, so avoid these at night if possible. In Southend, Lucy Road is the location of nightclubs and partygoers can spill out into the High Street at 1am-2am.
- Rochford (Essex) - A 10 minute car ride from Southend will bring you to Rochford, a small but historic market town famous for Rochford Hall (by the golf course) where Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII met on a few occasions!
- London - via London Liverpool Street
- Jersey - one hour by plane
- Europe - various destinations in Europe can be reached via London Southend airport in Prittlewell, including Spain, France, Italy, Portugal and Netherlands.