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Spanish North Africa

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Spanish North Africa consists of some peninsulas and islands along the coast of Morocco, which are a part of Spain.


  • Ceuta, the dominant autonomous city.
  • Melilla, an eastern autonomous city.

Other destinations[edit]

The Plazas de soberanía are islands and coastal settlements administered by Spain.

While the Canary Islands are located off the North African coast, they have been an integrated province of Spain since the Middle Ages, and are usually not considered part of Spanish North Africa.


In the 19th century, Spain annexed some territories at the Moroccan coast to battle Barbary pirates.

While most of Morocco was controlled by France, Mediterranean Morocco was a Spanish protectorate from 1912 until 1956.

While Morocco claims the Spanish territories, they are functionally part of Spain and the European Union. During the 21st century, African migrants have been entering Ceuta and Melilla as a gateway to Europe.

Get in[edit]

Ceuta and Melilla are the most accessible territories of Spanish North Africa.

These territories are legally part of Spain and the Schengen Area. Entrance from Morocco requires permit to enter the Schengen Area. You need no special permit to enter on a ferry from Spain; passports are however checked on ferries to Spain.

Get around[edit]

While both Ceuta and Melilla are fast to get around, there is no regular public transportation between the exclaves.


Spanish is the official and majority language. Moroccans speak Arabic or Berber languages, and might understand French.




Since this is a part of Spain, the currency is the euro.

Go next[edit]

Morocco or mainland Spain.

This region travel guide to Spanish North Africa is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!