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Tajik (забо́ни тоҷикӣ́ / zaboni tojikī) is the main language of Tajikistan, and is closely related to Farsi, Dari and Kurdish. Since the late 1930s, it is written using a variant of the Cyrillic script (also used by many languages spoken in the former Soviet Union, including Russian).

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Common diphthongs[edit]

Phrase list[edit]

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.

Basics[edit]

Common signs


OPEN
кушода
CLOSED
махкам
ENTRANCE
дохл
EXIT
харч
PUSH
PULL
TOILET
ҳочатхона
MEN
мардон
WOMEN
занон/заъифон
FORBIDDEN
манъ аст

Some of the basics of everyday Tajik vocabulary are below. For words with two or more translations, the most common is listed first. When two translations vary due to having formal and informal variants, the markers formal and informal will be added.

Hello.
ассалому алейкум (asah-lomu ah-lay-koom)
Hello. (informal)
салом (sah-lohm), ассалом (a-sah-lohm)
How are you?
Шумо чи хел? (shoo-moh-chee-khel), чи хел Шумо? (chee-khel-shoo-moh)
Fine, Well.
Нағз (naghz), Coz (sohz),
Fine, thank you.
Нағз, рахмат (naghz, rah-mat )
What is your name?
Номатон чист? (No-ma-ton chist?), Номи Шумо чист? (No-mi shoo-mo chist?)
My name is ______ .
Номи ман ______. (No-mi man _____ .)
Nice to meet you.
Аз вохуриамон шод ҳастам. (Az vo-khu-ri-amon shod has-tam )
Please.
Лутфан, Илтимос (Loot-fan/Il-ti-mos )
Thank you.
. Рахмат(rah-mat)
You're welcome.
. Саломат бошед(Salomat boshed)
Yes.
. Ҳа (Ha) (informal) , Бале(bah-le) (formal)
No.
. Не (Ne)
Excuse me. (getting attention)
Meбaxшeд . (Mebakhshed)
Excuse me. (begging pardon)
:Meбaxшeд . (Mebakhshed)
I'm sorry.
Мебахшед . (mebakhshed)
Goodbye
khair. (khair) pronounced like the English word 'hire' but with a KH sound at the beginning
Goodbye (informal)
Сихату саломат боши . ()
I can't speak Russian [well].
русӣ намедонам (Rus-si na-me-do-nam)
Do you speak English?
Шумо англиси гап мезанед? (Shumo ang-li-si gap me-za-nad)
Is there someone here who speaks English?
Оё касе дар инчо англиси гап мезанад ? (Oyo kase dar injo anglisi gap mezanad?)
Help!
Ёри диҳед! (Yori dihed!)
Look out!
Эҳтиёт шавед ! (Eh-ti-yot shaved!)
Good morning.
Субҳ ба xaйр. (Soobh-ba-khair )
Good evening.
шаб ба хайр (Shab-ba-khair)
Good night.
шаб ба хайр (Shab-ba-khair)
Good night (to sleep)
Хоби ширин/Шаби хуш . (Khobi shirin/Shabi khoosh )
I don't understand.
. Ман немефаҳмам (Man na-me-fah-mam), ман нафаҳмидостам (Man na-fah-mi-dos-tam )
Where is the toilet?
Ҳочатхона кани? (Ho-jat-kho-na kani?)

Problems[edit]

Time[edit]

Clock time[edit]

Duration[edit]

Days[edit]

Months[edit]

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

black
сиёҳ (see-yoh)
white
сафед (sah-fed)
gray
хокистарранг (kho-kee-star-rang)
red
сурх (soorkh)
blue
кабуд (ka-bood)
yellow
зард (zard)
green
сабз (sah-bz)
orange
норанҷӣ (no-ran-jee)
purple
бунафш (boo-nafsh)
pink
гулобӣ (goo-loh-bee)
brown
қаҳваранг (qah-vah-rang)

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

Directions[edit]

Taxi[edit]

Lodging[edit]

Money[edit]

money
pul
Tajik somoni
somoni

Eating[edit]

Water
об (ob)
Milk
молоко (mo-lo-ko), шир (shir) (rarely spoken in cities)
Yoghurt
йогурт (yo-gurt)
Honey
асал (a-sal)
Fruit
мева (me-va)
Apple
себ (seb)
Grapes
ангур (ang-oor)
Watermelon
тарбуз (tar-booz)
Bread
нон (non)
Sliced Bread
хлеб (klep)
Fish
моҳӣ (mo-hi)
Meat
гӯшт (gusht)
Beef
гӯшти гов (gusht-i-gov)
Vegetables
сабзавот (sabz-a-vot)

Bars[edit]

Shopping[edit]

I need
ba-man darkor / losim doram
How much does it cost?
In chand pul ast?

Driving[edit]

Authority[edit]

Learning more[edit]

This Tajik phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!