Teruel is the capital city of Teruel province in Aragon. It is noted for its harsh climate, its jamón serrano (cured ham), its pottery, its surrounding archaeological sites, rock outcrops containing some of the oldest dinosaur remains of the Iberian Peninsula, and its famous events. Teruel is regarded as the "town of mudéjar" (Moorish-influenced architecture) due to numerous buildings designed in this style. All of them are comprised in the Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon which is a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.
In 2018, it had a population of about 36,000 people.
Teruel's remote and mountainous location 915 metres (3,002 feet) above sea level and its low population has led to relative isolation within Spain. A campaign group with the slogan Teruel existe ("Teruel exists") was founded in 1999 to press for greater recognition and investment in the town and the province. Due in part to the campaign, transport connections to Teruel are being greatly improved with the construction of a motorway between Zaragoza and Sagunto, large parts of which are now open. However, Teruel remains the only provincial capital in peninsular Spain without a direct railway link to the capital, Madrid.
Summer temperatures are warm to hot, although there is much daily variation, and winters are cool, with low minimum temperatures sometimes dropping to −10 °C (14.0 °F). The lowest amount of rainfall is in winter and the greatest falls at the end of spring and autumn.
- 1 Tourist Office, Plaza de los Amantes, 6, ☏ , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Sep-Jul: daily 10:00-14:00 16:00-20:00, Aug: daily 10:00-20:00.
- 1 Estación de Tren de Teruel (Teruel Train Station), Camino de la Estación, s/n, ☏ . Daily 06:20-15:15, 18:35-20:30 (ticket sales). Renfe runs regular trains from Zaragoza (2hr 15min) and from Valencia (2hr 30min). The railway station is well down below the town and anybody with mobility difficulties might want to consider a taxi. For the fully fit there are multiple flights of steps. The station has a small restaurant, toilets, and a window to collect tickets purchased online or by phone.
- 2 Estación de Autobuses, Ronda de Ambeles, s/n, ☏ , . The bus station provides easier access to the town than the train. The tourist office maintains an online list of companies with links and contact information. A standard journey from Valencia takes two hours, from Zaragoza two and a half hours, and from Madrid four hours.
The city centre is very compact, requiring no car. To go further afield, e.g. to Dinópolis (listed below under 'See'), you may want to consider using the town's only taxi service, Taxi Teruel (tel. +34 978 102 040).
Teruel is the site of some of the most impressive Mudéjar architecture in all Spain, which, with other Mudéjar structures in Aragón, are collectively inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
- 1 [dead link] Catedral de Santa María de Teruel (Teruel Cathedral), ☏ . Winter: M-Sa 11:00-14:00 16:00-19:00; summer: M-Sa 11:00-14:00 16:00-20:00. Impressive from outside but rather a mixture of styles. The bell tower, built 1257-1258, is considered to be one of the best-preserved Mudéjar towers in Spain. Also notable is the ornate wooden ceiling, dating from the early 14th century.
- 2 Torre de la Iglesia de San Salvador (Tower of the Church of San Salvador), C/ El Salvador, 5, ☏ , ✉ Info@teruelmudejar.com. Feb-Jul, Sep-Oct: M 11:00-14:00, Tu-Su 11:00-14:00 16:30-19:30; Nov-Jan: M 11:00-14:00, Tu-Su 11:00-14:00 16:30-18:30; Aug, Semana Santa and holidays: daily 10:00-14:00 16:00-20:00. Believed to date from the early 14th century, this very finely-decorated Mudéjar tower is covered with intricate tile work. Structurally it resembles a typical Almohad minaret, with a plain tower placed within the more elaborate outer tower, and a staircase usually open between them. The adjoining Church of San Salvador de los Reyes dates to the late 17th century, and is considered to be the best example of Baroque architecture in Teruel province. Especially noteworthy in the main altarpiece is the central figure El Cristo del Salvador, which was carved in the 13th century. €2.50 (adults), €2 (concessions).
- 3 Torre de San Martín. This Mudéjar gate-tower was built between 1315 and 1316, and partly restored in 1550. It is also decorated with glazed tilework, and is associated with the nearby church of St. Martin (built during the Baroque period). The tower can be viewed only from the exterior.
- 4 Iglesia de San Pedro (San Pedro Church), C/ Matías Abad, s/n, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Daily 10:00-14:00 16:00-20:00. A 14th-century Romanesque-Mudéjar church, the interior of which is completely covered with designed bricks and tiles. Built in the late 13th-century, the adjoining well-preserved tower is the earliest Mudéjar structure in Teruel. The mausoleum of Los Amantes (The Lovers of Teruel) is also located here. Admission to church, tower, cloister, and mausoleum: €8 (adults), €6.5 (concessions); church and tower only: €7 (adults) €5.5 (concessions); mausoleum only: €4 (adults), €3 (concessions); guided walk: €1 (adults), €.50 (concessions).
- 5 Acueducto Los Arcos (Los Arcos Aqueduct). Completed in 1554, the aqueduct is a significant example of Spanish Renaissance engineering.
- 6 Viaducto de Fernando Hué (Teruel Aqueduct). Built to connect the old walled city with the suburbs, the bridge was completed in 1929.
- 7 Escalinata Neo-Mudéjar (Neo-Mudéjar Staircase). Designed by José Torán de la Rad to connect the train station with the historic city centre, the visually appealing staircase was completed in 1921 in a style combining Moorish and Modernist elements.
- 8 [formerly dead link] Museo de Teruel (Provincial Museum), Plaza Fray Anselmo Polanco, 3, ☏ . Tu-F and holidays 10:00-14:00 16:00-19:00, Sa Su 10:00-14:00. Located in a 16th-century palace. Ensure that you ask the guide on the top floor to let you out to the arcaded exterior for a terrific view of the cathedral. Free.
- 9 [dead link] Museo de Arte Sacro (Museum of Sacred Art), Plaza Venerable Francés de Aranda, 3 (Palacio del Obispado), ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. M-Sa 10:00-14:00 17:00-19:00. Housed in a 16th-century palace, the museum exhibits religious art from the Romanesque to the Baroque periods.
- 10 Dinópolis, Polígono Los Planos, s/n (on the outskirts of town), ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Hours vary, generally Sep-Mar: Sa Su 10:00-20:00; Apr: F-Su 10:00-20:00; May-Jun: Th F 10:00-19:00, Sa Su 10:00-20:00; Jul M-F 10:00-19:00, Sa Su 10:00-20:00; Aug daily 10:00-20:00. The first dinosaur discovered in Spain was in Teruel, which now is the location of one of the world's largest paleontological museums and dinosaur theme parks. If you look for amusement you'll be disappointed, but if you like fossils, don't hesitate to go. No food or drink permitted, photography only permitted in the entrance, outdoor areas, and restaurants. €28 (adults), €22 (seniors/children 4-11); tickets can be purchased online.
- The Mausoleum of The Lovers of Teruel (Los Amantes) is just off the main square.
- La Vaquilla del Ángel during the weekend (Friday to Monday) closest to 10 July. 20 cultural associations program and stage more than a hundred musical events during the four days, all of them free of charge and with open access, with first-rate artists of very different styles. There's an odd tradition of throwing meringue at the town hall's door.
- Bodas de Isabel de Segura around the third weekend of February.
- At Easter the parades of drummers in full Easter garb are well worth a look.
Teruel jamon serrano, you can purchase it in some deli shops in the city center. It's awesome.
Do not purchase any "typical bakery", as it may not be made on the premises.
The best places are 'asadores' and 'rokelin' (there are several ones), anything else is fancy expensive food, you'll be hungry after eating in those places.
There isn't a typical drink, but you can find microbrews in some bakeries.
Some pubs in the party zone (called simply "la zona") are truly troll nests, don't go there.
- 1 Parador de Teruel, Carretera Sagunto-Burgos, km 122.5 (2 km NW of the city centre), ☏ , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Check-in: 12:00, check-out: 07:00-12:00. If you're driving, the Parador is a good choice. Has non-smoking rooms, an onsite bar and highly-regarded restaurant, pool and tennis courts, and free Wi-Fi. €90+.