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Tigrinya phrasebook

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Tigrinya is spoken in Eritrea by the Tigrinya people, where it is the official language.

Phrase list[edit]

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.

Basics[edit]

Hello. 
(selam)
How are you? 
Kemay al'eka? (to men) ከኣለKemay al'eki? (to women)
Fine, thank youእየ. (Dehan-iye, yekenyelay)
What is your name? 
Men'shimka (for men) Men'shimki (for women)
My name is ______ . 
(Shimay ___ iyu)
Nice to meet you. 
ጽቡ(Tsubu leyla)
Please. 
bejahaበጀኻ (to men) bejahi (to women)
Thank you. 
(yekenyeley)
You're welcome. 
ገንዘብካ (to men) ገንዘብኪ (to women) ( )
Yes. 
እወ. ('Eweh)
No. 
ኣይኮነን. ( )
Excuse me. (getting attention
ይቅሬታ ግበረለይ! (to men) ይቅሬታ ግበርለይ! (to women) ( )
I'm sorry. 
ይቅሬታ! (to men) ኣይትሓዘለይ (to women) ( )
Goodbye 
ሰ (Dehan-koon)
Where are you from? (country of origin) 
ካበይ መጺኻ  ? (to men) ካበይ መጺኺ ? (to women) ( )
I can't speak Tigrinya. 
ትግርኛ ኣይፈልጥን. ( [ ])
Do you speak English? 
Inglizenya tizarabdo (for men) Inglizenya tizarabido (for women)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
እንግሊዝኛ ዝዛረብ ሰብ ይርከብዶ? ( ?)
Help! 
(Hagezeni!)
Good morning. 
kemay'haderkaደሓንዶ ሓዲርካ (to men) kemay haderkiሓንዶ (for women)
Good afternoon. 
ከመይ ውዒልካ (to men) ከመይ ውዒልኪ (to women) ( )
Good evening. 
ከመይ ኣምሲኻ (to men) ከመይ ኣምሲኺ (to women) ( )
Good night. 
ልዋም ለይቲ ('Buruk leyti)
I understand. 
ኒ (Teredi-uni)
I don't understand. 
ኣይተረድኣኒን ( )
Where is the toilet? 
(sha'ah abeylo?)

Problems[edit]

Leave me alone. 
Gedefenaግደፈኒ! (to men) በይነይ ግደፍGedefeni! (to women)
Don't touch me! 
I'll call the police. 
ፖሊስ ጸውዕ! (to men) ፖሊስ ጸውዒ! (to women) ( .)
Police! 
ፖሊስ ! ( !)
Stop! Thief! 
 ! ! ( ! !)
I need your help. 
. ( .)
It's an emergency. 
. ( .)
I'm lost. 
. ( .)
I lost my bag. 
. ( .)
I lost my wallet. 
. ( .)
I'm sick. 
. ( .)
I've been injured. 
ማህሰይቲ ኣሎኹ ( .)
I need a doctor. 
(ኣነ) ሓኪም የድሊየኒ ኣሎ ( .)
Can I use your phone? 
 ? ( ?)

Numbers[edit]

ሓደ (hade)
ክልተ (kilitey)
ሰለስተ (seleste)
ኣርባዕተ (arbaete)
ሓሙሽተ (hamushte)
ሽዱሽተ (shudushte)
ሸውዓተ (shewa'ate)
ሸሞንተ (shemonte)
ትሽዓተ (tishe'ate)
10 
ዓሰርተ ('aserte)
11 
ዓሰርተ ሓደ (aserte hade)
12 
ዓሰርተ ክልተ (aserte kilitey)
13 
ዓሰርተ ሰለስተ ( )
14 
ዓሰርተ ኣርባዕተ ( )
15 
ዓሰርተ ሓሙሽተ ( )
16 
ዓሰርተ ሽዱሽተ ( )
17 
ዓሰርተ ሸውዓተ ( )
18 
ዓሰርተ ሸሞንተ ( )
19 
ዓሰርተ ትሽዓተ ( )
20 
ዕስራ (esra)
21 
ዕስራን ( )
22 
ዕስራን ( )
23 
ዕስራን ( )
30 
ዕስራን (selasa)
40 
ኣርባዓ (arba'a)
50 
ሓምሳ (hamsa)
60 
ስሳ (susa)
70 
ሰብዓ (seb'a)
80 
ሰማንያ (semanya)
90 
ተስዓ (tes'a)
100 
ሚእቲ (meetee)
200 
ክልተ ሚእቲ ( )
300 
ሰለስተ ሚእቲ ( )
1,000 
ሽሕ (sheh or elfi)
2,000 
ክልተ ሽሕ ( )
1,000,000 
ሚልዮን ( )
1,000,000,000 
ቢልዮን ( )
1,000,000,000,000 
( )
number _____ (train, bus, etc.) 
( )
half 
ፍርቂ ( )
less 
ዝወሓደ ( )
more 
ዝበዝሐ ( )

Time[edit]

now 
ሕጂ(hiji)
later 
ደሓር ( )
before 
( )
morning 
ንጉሆ ( )
afternoon 
መዓልቲ ( )
evening 
ምሸት ( )
night 
ለይቲ ( )

Clock time[edit]

one o'clock AM 
( )
two o'clock AM 
( )
noon 
( )
one o'clock PM 
( )
two o'clock PM 
( )
midnight 
( )

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
_____ ደቒቕ ( )
_____ hour(s) 
( )
_____ day(s) 
_____ መዓልቲ ( )
_____ week(s) 
_____ ሰሙን ( )
_____ month(s) 
_____ ወርሒ ( )
_____ year(s) 
_____ ዓመት ( )

Days[edit]

today 
ሎሚ (lomi)
yesterday 
ትማሊ ( )
tomorrow 
ጽባሕ ( )
this week 
( )
last week 
( )
next week 
ኣብ ዝመጽእ ሰሙን ( )
Sunday 
ሰንበት ( )
Monday 
ሰኑይ ( )
Tuesday 
ሰሉስ ( )
Wednesday 
ረቡዕ ( )
Thursday 
ሓሙስ ( )
Friday 
ዓርቢ ( )
Saturday 
ቀዳም ( )

Months[edit]

January 
ጥሪ ( )
February 
ለካቲት ( )
March 
መጋቢት ( )
April 
ሚያዝያ ( )
May 
ግንቦት ( )
June 
ሰነ ( )
July 
ሓምለ ( )
August 
ነሓሰ ( )
September 
መስከረም ( )
October 
ጥቅምቲ ( )
November 
ሕዳር ( )
December 
ታሕሳስ ( )

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

black 
ጸሊም ( )
white 
ጻዕዳ (tsa'ada)
gray 
ሕሙኽሽታይ ( )
red 
ቀይሕ ( )
blue 
ሰማያዊ ( )
yellow 
ቢጫ ( )
green 
ሓምላይ ( )
orange 
ሓምላይ ( )
purple 
ሊላ ( )
brown 
ቡናዊ ( )

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

How much is a ticket to _____? 
( )
One ticket to _____, please. 
( )
Where does this train/bus go? 
( )
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
( )
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
( )
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
( )
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
( )

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____ ? 
ከመይ ገይረ ናብ ... ይኸይድ ? ( )
...the train station? 
( )
...the bus station? 
መዕረፊ ኣውቶቡስ ( )
...the airport? 
መዕረፊ ነፋሪት ( )
...downtown? 
( )
...the youth hostel? 
( )
...the _____ hotel? 
ሆተል _____? ( )
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
( )
Where are there a lot of... 
( )
...hotels? 
ሆተላት ( )
...restaurants? 
ቤትምግቢታት ( )
...bars? 
ቤት መስተታት ( )
...sites to see? 
( )
Can you show me on the map? 
( )
street 
( )
Turn left. 
ንጸጋም ተጠወ ( )
Turn right. 
ንየማን ተጠወ ( )
left 
( )
right 
( )
straight ahead 
( )
towards the _____ 
( )
past the _____ 
( )
before the _____ 
( )
Watch for the _____. 
( )
intersection 
መራኽቦ መንገዲ ( )
north 
ሰሜን ( )
south 
ደቡብ ( )
east 
ምብራቅ ( )
west 
ምዕራብ ( )
uphill 
( )
downhill 
( )

Taxi[edit]

Taxi! 
( )
Take me to _____, please. 
( )
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
( )
Take me there, please. 
( )

Lodging[edit]

Do you have any rooms available? 
መደቀሲ ክፍሊ ኣሎኻ ዶ? ( )
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
ንሓደ / ንክልተ ሰብ ክንደይ ይክፍል? ( )
Does the room come with... 
ኣብ እዚ ክፍሊ ... ይረክብዶ ( )
...bedsheets? 
( )
...a bathroom? 
ባኞ ( )
...a telephone? 
ተለፎን ( )
...a TV? 
ቲቪ ( )
May I see the room first? 
( )
Do you have anything quieter? 
( )
...bigger? 
( )
...cleaner? 
( )
...cheaper? 
( )
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
( )
Can you suggest another hotel? 
( )
Do you have a safe? 
መቐመጥ ገንዘብ ኣሎኻ ዶ ( )
...lockers? 
( )
Is breakfast/supper included? 
( )
What time is breakfast/supper? 
( )
Please clean my room. 
( )
Can you wake me at _____? 
( )
I want to check out. 
( )

Money[edit]

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
( )
Do you accept British pounds? 
( )
Do you accept Euros? 
( )
Do you accept credit cards? 
( )
Can you change money for me? 
( )
Where can I get money changed? 
( )
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
( )
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
( )
What is the exchange rate? 
( )
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
( )

Eating[edit]

A table for one person/two people, please. 
( )
Can I look at the menu, please? 
( )
Can I look in the kitchen? 
( )
Is there a house specialty? 
( )
Is there a local specialty? 
( )
I'm a vegetarian. 
( )
I don't eat pork. 
( )
I don't eat beef. 
( )
I only eat kosher food. 
( )
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
( )
fixed-price meal 
( )
a la carte 
( )
breakfast 
ቁርሲ ( )
lunch 
ምሳሕ ( )
supper 
ድራር ( )
I want _____. 
ደልየ ("_____ deliye")
I want a dish containing _____. 
( )
chicken 
ደርሆ ( )
beef 
ስጋ ከብቲ ( )
fish 
ዓ("asa")
ham 
ስጋ ሓሰማ ( )
sausage 
ግዕዝም ( )
cheese 
ፎርማጆ ( )
eggs 
እንቋቑሖ ( )
salad 
ሳላጣ ( )
(fresh) vegetables 
ኣሕምልቲ ( )
(fresh) fruit 
ፍሩታ ( )
bread 
(bani )
toast 
ጥቡስ ባኒ ( )
pasta 
ማካሮኒ ( )
spaghetti 
ስፓገቲ ( )
rice 
ሩዝ ( )
beans 
ዓተር ( )
Hamburger 
ሃምበርገር ( )
Orange 
ኣራንሺ ( )
Apple 
ቱፋሕ ( )
Banana 
ባናና ( )
Pineapple 
ኣናናስ ( )
Grapes 
ወይኒ ( )
May I have a glass of _____? 
ጥርሙዝ ... ሃበኒ በጀኹም ( )
May I have a cup of _____? 
ኩባያ ... ሃበኒ በጀኹም ( )
May I have a bottle of _____? 
ጥርሙዝ ... ሃበኒ በጀኹም ( )
coffee 
ቡን ( )
tea (drink
ሻሂ ("shahi")
milk 
ጸባ ("tsaba")
juice 
ጽማቝ ( )
(bubbly) water 
ማዕድናዊ ማይ ( )
(still) water 
ማይ(mai)
beer 
ቢራ ( )
wine 
ነቢት ( )
May I have some _____? 
( )
salt 
( )
black pepper 
( )
butter 
( )
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
( )
I'm finished. 
( )
It was delicious. 
(du'um )
Please clear the plates. 
( )
The check, please. 
( )

Bars[edit]

Do you serve alcohol? 
( )
Is there table service? 
( )
A beer/two beers, please. 
( )
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
( )
A pint, please. 
( )
A bottle, please. 
( )
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
( )
whiskey 
( )
vodka 
( )
rum 
( )
water 
( )
club soda 
( )
tonic water 
( )
orange juice 
( )
Coke (soda
( )
Do you have any bar snacks? 
( )
One more, please. 
( )
Another round, please. 
( )
When is closing time? 
( )
Cheers! 
( )

Shopping[edit]

Do you have this in my size? 
( )
How much is this? 
ክንደይ’ዩ ዋግኡ እዚ? ( )
That's too expensive. 
( )
Would you take _____? 
( )
expensive 
ክቡር ( )
cheap 
ሕሱር ( )
I can't afford it. 
( )
I don't want it. 
እዚ ኣይደልን ( )
You're cheating me. 
( )
I'm not interested. 
(..)
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
Can I have a bag? 
( )
Do you ship (overseas)? 
( )
I need... 
ኣነ .... የድሊየኒ ኣሎ ( )
...toothpaste. 
መሕጸብ ስኒ ( )
...a toothbrush. 
( )
...tampons. 
. ( )
...soap. 
ሳሙና ( )
...shampoo. 
ሻምፑ ( )
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
ኣስፕሪን ( )
...cold medicine. 
( )
...stomach medicine. 
... ( )
...a razor. 
መላጸ ( )
...an umbrella. 
ጽላል ( )
...sunblock lotion. 
( )
...a postcard. 
( )
...postage stamps. 
ቲምብር ( )
...batteries. 
( )
...writing paper. 
ወረቐት ( )
...a pen. 
ፕሮ ( )
...English-language books. 
( )
...English-language magazines. 
( )
...an English-language newspaper. 
( )
...an English-English dictionary. 
( )

Driving[edit]

I want to rent a car. 
( )
Can I get insurance? 
( )
stop (on a street sign
( )
one way 
( )
yield 
( )
no parking 
( )
speed limit 
( )
gas (petrol) station 
( )
petrol 
በንዚን ( )
diesel 
( )

Authority[edit]

I haven't done anything wrong. 
( )
It was a misunderstanding. 
( )
Where are you taking me? 
( )
Am I under arrest? 
( )
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
( )
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
( )
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
( )
Can I just pay a fine now? 
( )
This Tigrinya phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!




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