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Tigrinya phrasebook

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Tigrinya (ትግርኛ) is spoken in Eritrea and Ethiopia by the Tigrinya people. It is the lingua franca of Eritrea, and the first language of the vast majority of people in the Tigray region of Ethiopia.

Phrase list[edit]

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.

Basics[edit]

Hello.
(selam)
How are you?
Kemay al'eka? (to men) ከኣለKemay al'eki? (to women)
Fine, thank youእየ. (Dehan-iye, yekenyelay)
What is your name?
Men'shimka (for men) Men'shimki (for women)
My name is ______ .
(Shimay ___ iyu)
Nice to meet you.
ጽቡ(Tsubu leyla)
Please.
bejahaበጀኻ (to men) bejahi (to women)
Thank you.
(yekenyeley)
You're welcome.
ገንዘብካ (to men) ገንዘብኪ (to women) ( )
Yes.
እወ. ('Eweh)
No.
ኣይኮነን. ( )
Excuse me. (getting attention)
ይቅሬታ ግበረለይ! (to men) ይቅሬታ ግበርለይ! (to women) ( )
I'm sorry.
ይቅሬታ! (to men) ኣይትሓዘለይ (to women) ( )
Goodbye
ሰ (Dehan-koon)
Where are you from? (country of origin)
ካበይ መጺኻ ? (to men) ካበይ መጺኺ ? (to women) ( )
I can't speak Tigrinya.
ትግርኛ ኣይፈልጥን. ( [ ])
Do you speak English?
Inglizenya tizarabdo (for men) Inglizenya tizarabido (for women)
Is there someone here who speaks English?
እንግሊዝኛ ዝዛረብ ሰብ ይርከብዶ? ( ?)
Help!
(Hagezeni!)
Good morning.
kemay'haderkaደሓንዶ ሓዲርካ (to men) kemay haderkiሓንዶ (for women)
Good afternoon.
ከመይ ውዒልካ (to men) ከመይ ውዒልኪ (to women) ( )
Good evening.
ከመይ ኣምሲኻ (to men) ከመይ ኣምሲኺ (to women) ( )
Good night.
ልዋም ለይቲ ('Buruk leyti)
I understand.
ተረድኣኒ (Teredi-uni)
I don't understand.
ኣይተረድኣኒን ( )
Where is the toilet?
(sha'ah abeylo?)

Problems[edit]

Leave me alone.
Gedefenaግደፈኒ! (to men) በይነይ ግደፍGedefeni! (to women)
Don't touch me!
ኣይቲተኒኪፈኒ. Aytetenikifeni
I'll call the police.
ፖሊስ ጸውዕ! (to men) ፖሊስ ጸውዒ! (to women) ( .)
Police!
ፖሊስ ! ( !)
Stop! Thief!
( ! !)
I need your help.
ሓገዝካ(for male) ሓገዝኪ(for female) የድልየኒ ዩ። Hagezika yediliyeni yu(speaking to male) / Hageziki yediliyeni yu(speaking to female).
It's an emergency.
. ( .)
I'm lost.
መንገዲ ጠፊእኒ። Megedi teFieni. ( .)
I lost my bag.
ሳንጣይ ጠፊእኒ. SanTay tefieni.
I lost my wallet.
. ( .)
I'm sick.
ተጸሊእኒ ኣሎ፣ ሓሚመ. TseliEni alo/ Hamime.
I've been injured.
ማህሰይቲ ኣሎኹ ( .)
I need a doctor.
(ኣነ) ሓኪም የድሊየኒ ኣሎ ( .)
Can I use your phone?
ሰሊኪኪ ካ ተለፎንኪ ካ ኣጥቅመኒ። Silkiki / Telefoniki AteQimeni (toward female), Silkika AtetiQimeni(toward male)

Numbers[edit]

1
ሓደ (hade)
2
ክልተ (kilitey)
3
ሰለስተ (seleste)
4
ኣርባዕተ (arbaete)
5
ሓሙሽተ (hamushte)
6
ሽዱሽተ (shudushte)
7
ሸውዓተ (shewa'ate)
8
ሸሞንተ (shemonte)
9
ትሽዓተ (tishe'ate)
10
ዓሰርተ ('aserte)
11
ዓሰርተ ሓደ (aserte hade)
12
ዓሰርተ ክልተ (aserte kilitey)
13
ዓሰርተ ሰለስተ ( )
14
ዓሰርተ ኣርባዕተ ( )
15
ዓሰርተ ሓሙሽተ ( )
16
ዓሰርተ ሽዱሽተ ( )
17
ዓሰርተ ሸውዓተ ( )
18
ዓሰርተ ሸሞንተ ( )
19
ዓሰርተ ትሽዓተ ( )
20
ዕስራ (esra)
21
ዕስራን ( )
22
ዕስራን ( )
23
ዕስራን ( )
30
ዕስራን (selasa)
40
ኣርባዓ (arba'a)
50
ሓምሳ (hamsa)
60
ስሳ (susa)
70
ሰብዓ (seb'a)
80
ሰማንያ (semanya)
90
ተስዓ (tes'a)
100
ሚእቲ (meetee)
200
ክልተ ሚእቲ ( )
300
ሰለስተ ሚእቲ ( )
1,000
ሽሕ (sheh or elfi)
2,000
ክልተ ሽሕ ( )
1,000,000
ሚልዮን ( )
1,000,000,000
ቢልዮን ( )
1,000,000,000,000
( )
number _____ (train, bus, etc.)
( )
half
ፍርቂ ( )
less
ዝወሓደ ( )
more
ዝበዝሐ ( )

Time[edit]

now
ሕጂ(hiji)
later
ደሓር ( )
before
( )
morning
ንጉሆ ( )
afternoon
መዓልቲ ( )
evening
ምሸት ( )
night
ለይቲ ( )

Clock time[edit]

one o'clock AM
( )
two o'clock AM
( )
noon
( )
one o'clock PM
( )
two o'clock PM
( )
midnight
( )

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s)
_____ ደቒቕ ( )
_____ hour(s)
ሰዓት ( )
_____ day(s)
_____ መዓልቲ ( )
_____ week(s)
_____ ሰሙን ( )
_____ month(s)
_____ ወርሒ ( )
_____ year(s)
_____ ዓመት ( )

Days[edit]

today
ሎሚ (lomi)
yesterday
ትማሊ ( )
tomorrow
ጽባሕ ( )
this week
( )
last week
( )
next week
ኣብ ዝመጽእ ሰሙን ( )
Sunday
ሰንበት ( )
Monday
ሰኑይ ( )
Tuesday
ሰሉስ ( )
Wednesday
ረቡዕ ( )
Thursday
ሓሙስ ( )
Friday
ዓርቢ ( )
Saturday
ቀዳም ( )

Months[edit]

January
ጥሪ ( )
February
ለካቲት ( )
March
መጋቢት ( )
April
ሚያዝያ ( )
May
ግንቦት ( )
June
ሰነ ( )
July
ሓምለ ( )
August
ነሓሰ ( )
September
መስከረም ( )
October
ጥቅምቲ ( )
November
ሕዳር ( )
December
ታሕሳስ ( )

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

black
ጸሊም (ts’eleme )
white
ጻዕዳ (tsa'ada)
gray
ሕሙኽሽታይ ( )
red
ቀይሕ ( )
blue
ሰማያዊ ( )
yellow
ቢጫ ( )
green
ሓምላይ ( )
orange
ሓምላይ ( )
purple
ሊላ ( )
brown
ቡናዊ ( )

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

How much is a ticket to _____?
( )
One ticket to _____, please.
( )
Where does this train/bus go?
( )
Where is the train/bus to _____?
( )
Does this train/bus stop in _____?
( )
When does the train/bus for _____ leave?
( )
When will this train/bus arrive in _____?
( )

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____ ?
ከመይ ገይረ ናብ ... ይኸይድ ? ( )
...the train station?
( )
...the bus station?
መዕረፊ ኣውቶቡስ ( )
...the airport?
መዕረፊ ነፋሪት ( )
...downtown?
( )
...the youth hostel?
( )
...the _____ hotel?
ሆተል _____? ( )
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate?
( )
Where are there a lot of...
( )
...hotels?
ሆተላት ( )
...restaurants?
ቤትምግቢታት ( )
...bars?
ቤት መስተታት ( )
...sites to see?
( )
Can you show me on the map?
( )
street
( )
Turn left.
ንጸጋም ተጠወ ( )
Turn right.
ንየማን ተጠወ ( )
left
( )
right
( )
straight ahead
( )
towards the _____
( )
past the _____
( )
before the _____
( )
Watch for the _____.
( )
intersection
መራኽቦ መንገዲ ( )
north
ሰሜን ( )
south
ደቡብ ( )
east
ምብራቅ ( )
west
ምዕራብ ( )
uphill
( )
downhill
( )

Taxi[edit]

Taxi!
( )
Take me to _____, please.
( )
How much does it cost to get to _____?
( )
Take me there, please.
( )

Lodging[edit]

Do you have any rooms available?
መደቀሲ ክፍሊ ኣሎኻ ዶ? ( )
How much is a room for one person/two people?
ንሓደ / ንክልተ ሰብ ክንደይ ይክፍል? ( )
Does the room come with...
ኣብ እዚ ክፍሊ ... ይረክብዶ ( )
...bedsheets?
( )
...a bathroom?
ባኞ ( )
...a telephone?
ተለፎን ( )
...a TV?
ቲቪ ( )
May I see the room first?
( )
Do you have anything quieter?
( )
...bigger?
( )
...cleaner?
( )
...cheaper?
( )
OK, I'll take it.
( )
I will stay for _____ night(s).
( )
Can you suggest another hotel?
( )
Do you have a safe?
መቐመጥ ገንዘብ ኣሎኻ ዶ ( )
...lockers?
( )
Is breakfast/supper included?
( )
What time is breakfast/supper?
( )
Please clean my room.
( )
Can you wake me at _____?
( )
I want to check out.
( )

Money[edit]

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars?
( )
Do you accept British pounds?
( )
Do you accept Euros?
( )
Do you accept credit cards?
( )
Can you change money for me?
( )
Where can I get money changed?
( )
Can you change a traveler's check for me?
( )
Where can I get a traveler's check changed?
( )
What is the exchange rate?
( )
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)?
( )

Eating[edit]

A table for one person/two people, please.
( )
Can I look at the menu, please?
( )
Can I look in the kitchen?
( )
Is there a house specialty?
( )
Is there a local specialty?
( )
I'm a vegetarian.
( )
I don't eat pork.
( )
I don't eat beef.
( )
I only eat kosher food.
( )
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard)
( )
fixed-price meal
( )
a la carte
( )
breakfast
ቁርሲ (kursi )
lunch
ምሳሕ ( )
supper
ድራር ( drar )
I want _____.
ደልየ ("_____ deliye")
I want a dish containing _____.
( )
chicken
ደርሆ ( )
beef
ስጋ ከብቲ ( )
fish
ዓ("asa")
ham
ስጋ ሓሰማ ( )
sausage
ግዕዝም ( )
cheese
ፎርማጆ ( )
eggs
እንቋቑሖ ( )
salad
ሳላጣ ( )
(fresh) vegetables
ኣሕምልቲ ( )
(fresh) fruit
ፍሩታ ( )
bread
(bani )
toast
ጥቡስ ባኒ ( )
pasta
ማካሮኒ ( )
spaghetti
ስፓገቲ ( )
rice
ሩዝ ( )
beans
ዓተር ( )
Hamburger
ሃምበርገር ( )
Orange
ኣራንሺ ( )
Apple
ቱፋሕ ( )
Banana
ባናና ( )
Pineapple
ኣናናስ ( )
Grapes
ወይኒ ( )
May I have a glass of _____?
ጥርሙዝ ... ሃበኒ በጀኹም ( )
May I have a cup of _____?
ኩባያ ... ሃበኒ በጀኹም ( )
May I have a bottle of _____?
ጥርሙዝ ... ሃበኒ በጀኹም ( )
coffee
ቡን (boon )
tea (drink)
ሻሂ ("shahi")
milk
ጸባ ("tsaba")
juice
ጽማቝ ( )
(bubbly) water
ማዕድናዊ ማይ ( )
(still) water
ማይ(mai)
beer
ቢራ ( )
wine
ነቢት ( )
May I have some _____?
( )
salt
( )
black pepper
( )
butter
( )
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
( )
I'm finished.
( )
It was delicious.
(du'um )
Please clear the plates.
( )
The check, please.
( )

Bars[edit]

Do you serve alcohol?
( )
Is there table service?
( )
A beer/two beers, please.
( )
A glass of red/white wine, please.
( )
A pint, please.
( )
A bottle, please.
( )
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please.
( )
whiskey
( )
vodka
( )
rum
( )
water
( )
club soda
( )
tonic water
( )
orange juice
( )
Coke (soda)
( )
Do you have any bar snacks?
( )
One more, please.
( )
Another round, please.
( )
When is closing time?
( )
Cheers!
( )

Shopping[edit]

Do you have this in my size?
( )
How much is this?
ክንደይ’ዩ ዋግኡ እዚ? ( )
That's too expensive.
( )
Would you take _____?
( )
expensive
ክቡር ( )
cheap
ሕሱር ( )
I can't afford it.
( )
I don't want it.
እዚ ኣይደልን ( )
You're cheating me.
( )
I'm not interested.
(..)
OK, I'll take it.
( )
Can I have a bag?
( )
Do you ship (overseas)?
( )
I need...
ኣነ .... የድሊየኒ ኣሎ ( )
...toothpaste.
መሕጸብ ስኒ ( )
...a toothbrush.
( )
...tampons.
. ( )
...soap.
ሳሙና ( )
...shampoo.
ሻምፑ ( )
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen)
ኣስፕሪን ( )
...cold medicine.
( )
...stomach medicine.
... ( )
...a razor.
መላጸ ( )
...an umbrella.
ጽላል ( )
...sunblock lotion.
( )
...a postcard.
( )
...postage stamps.
ቲምብር ( )
...batteries.
( )
...writing paper.
ወረቐት ( )
...a pen.
ፕሮ ( )
...English-language books.
( )
...English-language magazines.
( )
...an English-language newspaper.
( )
...an English-English dictionary.
( )

Driving[edit]

I want to rent a car.
( )
Can I get insurance?
( )
stop (on a street sign)
( )
one way
( )
yield
( )
no parking
( )
speed limit
( )
gas (petrol) station
( )
petrol
በንዚን ( )
diesel
( )

Authority[edit]

I haven't done anything wrong.
( )
It was a misunderstanding.
( )
Where are you taking me?
( )
Am I under arrest?
( )
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen.
( )
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate.
( )
I want to talk to a lawyer.
( )
Can I just pay a fine now?
( )
This Tigrinya phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!




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