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Uzbek (oʻzbekcha / ўзбекча / اوزبیک تیلی - written in the Latin, Cyrillic and Arabic scripts) is the main language of Uzbekistan, and also spoken by the ethnic Uzbeks in China. It is also largely mutually intelligible with Uyghur.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Uzbek pronunciation is very regular and simple. If you pronounce all of the words as they are spelled, you will be readily understood. Ubzek is written using the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets in Uzbekistan, and the Arabic script in China.

Vowels[edit]

a
"a" as in "cat"
ye, e
"ye" as in "yet" (at the beginning of a word), "e" as in "let"
i
"i" as in "pin"
o
"o" as in "pot"
u
"oo" as in "cool"
yu
"yu" as in "yoou"
ya
"ya" as in "yak"
o'
"u" as in "put", sometimes similar to "au" as in "caught"

Consonants[edit]

Q- hard 'k'.

KH- guttural 'h' like in the Scottish 'loch'

Common diphthongs[edit]

Phrase list[edit]

Basics[edit]

Common signs


OPEN
Ochiq
CLOSED
Yopiq
ENTRANCE
Kirish
EXIT
Chiqish
PUSH
Itarish
PULL
Tortish
TOILET
Xojatxona
MEN
Erkak
WOMEN
Ayol
FORBIDDEN
Man etilgan (Taqiqlangan)
Hello.
As-salomu alaykum
Hello. (informal)
Salom
Good morning
Hayirli tong
Good morning (answer)
tinch böling
How are you?
Qalay siz?
Fine, thank you.
. Yaxshi, rahmat
What is your name?
Sizning ismingiz nima?
My name is ______ .
Mening ismim...
Nice to meet you.
Tanishganimdan hursandman
Please.
Marhamat
Thank you.
Rahmat
You're welcome.
Arzimaydi
Yes.
Ha
No.
Yo'q
Excuse me.
Kechirasiz
I'm sorry.
Uzur
Goodbye
Hayr
I can't speak Uzbek [well].
Men O'zbekcha (yaxshi) gaplashmayman.
Do you speak English?
Siz inglizcha gaplashasizmi?
Is there someone here who speaks English?
Inglizcha gapiradiganlar bormi?
Help!
Yordam!
Look out!
Ehtiyot boling
I don't understand.
Tushunmadim
Where is the toilet?
Hojatxona qayerda?

Problems[edit]

Hospital
kasalxona
Sick
kasal
Doctor
tabib (shifokor)

Numbers[edit]

Cardinal Numbers[edit]

half
yarim
zero
nol
one
bir
two
ikki
three
uch
four
to'rt
five
besh
six
olti
seven
yetti
eight
sakkiz
nine
to'qqiz
ten
o'n
fifteen
o'n besh
twenty
yigirma
thirty
o'ttiz
forty
qirq
fifty
ellik
sixty
oltmish
seventy
yetmish
eighty
sakson
ninety
to'qson
one hundred
yuz
five hundred
besh yuz
one thousand
ming
one million
million

Ordinal Numbers[edit]

1st
birinchi
2nd
ikkinchi
3rd
uchinchi
4th
to'rtinchi
5th
beshinchi
10th
o'ninchi
15th
o'n beshinchi
20th
yigirmanchi
100th
yuzinchi
1,000th
minginchi

Time[edit]

when?
qachon?
what time is it?
soat necha böldi?
at what time?
soat nechada?
morning
ertalab
noon
ön ikki
in the afternoon
tushlikdan söng
evening
oqshom
midnight
yarim kecha
today
bugun
tonight
bugungi oqshom
yesterday
kecha
tomorrow
ertaga
this week
bu hafta
last week
ötgan hafta
next week
kelasi hafta
this month
shu oi
last month
ötgan oi
next month
keiingi oi


Clock time[edit]

hour(s)
soat(lar)
minute
daqiqa
... o'clock
soat ...
half past ...
... yarim soat ötdi

Duration[edit]

Days[edit]

Monday
dushanba
Tuesday
seshanba
Wednesday
chorshanba
Thursday
paishanba
Friday
juma
Saturday
shanba
Sunday
yakshanba

Months[edit]

January
yanvar
February
fevral
March
mart
April
aprel
May
mai
June
iyun
July
iyul
August
avgust
September
sentyabr
October
oktyabr
November
noyabr
December
dekabr

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

black
qora
blue
kuk
brown
jigar rang
green
yashil
orange
qovoq rang
red
qizil
white
oq
yellow
sariq

Transportation[edit]

Airport
tayyorgokh

Bus and train[edit]

Bus
autobus
Bus station
autobiket
Train station
temir yul vogzali
Ticket
bilet

Directions[edit]

Where is...?
...qayerda?
Left
chap
Right
ong

Taxi[edit]

Please take me too... : ...'ga oboring, marhamat

Lodging[edit]

Hotel
meymonkhona
Room
khona
House
uy
Do you have any rooms?
Sizga khona bormi?

Money[edit]

bank
bank
money
pul
cash
naqd pul

Eating[edit]

bread
non
meat
gosht
rice
guruch
fruit
meva
vegetable
sabzavot
tea
choi
(boiled) water
(qainatilgan) suv

Shopping[edit]

Outdoor market
bozor
Store
dukan
How much?
Qancha?
Cheap
arzon
Expenisve
qimmat

Driving[edit]

street
kuchasi

Authority[edit]

police
militsiya
sir
janob
madam
honym


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