Vryheid (Zulu: IVryheid) is a coal-mining and cattle-ranching town of 47,000 people (2011) in Zululand, South Africa. Vryheid is the Afrikaans word for "freedom".
It was founded by Boer farmers, who lived in the Vryheid area. They had helped King Dinuzulu defeat his rival chief Zibhebhu for succession of the Zulu throne. Dinuzulu ceded land that they occupied along the banks of the Mfolozi River. On August 5, 1884 the Boers formed the Nieuwe Republiek (New Republic) with Vryheid as its capital. Its sovereignty was recognized by Germany and Portugal. It was later incorporated into the South African Republic. At the end of the Second Boer War, the town and its surrounding area was absorbed into the Natal colony by the British.
Vryheid is located along the Transnet Coalline.
In 2011, the population was 85% Black and 12% White.
- 1 Vryheid Hill Nature Reserve.
- 2 The Dutch Reformed Church in Vryheid (Die Moeder Gemeente, the Mother Congregation). Listed as one of "12 Gorgeous Churches and Cathedrals in Africa", by AFK Insider.
- 1 African Restaurant, 210 Mark St. M-F 9AM-3PM. African meals.
- 1 Rabbonni's B&B, 113 Emmet St.
- 2 Rita's Guest house, 207 Hlobane Street, ☏ +27 73 450 8742. 29 rooms, pub, laundry facilities.