Wikivoyage:Pronunciation guide

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The following shows how Wikivoyage represents pronunciations in phrasebooks and place names. These are rough approximations for travellers. They are not intended to represent exact linguistic transcriptions.

Instructions for editors on adding pronunciations to articles can be found at Wikivoyage:Pseudo-phoneticization guide.

Vowel sounds[edit]

a
like 'a' in English "hat"
ah
like 'a' in English "father"
aw
like 'aw' in English "dawn"
ay
like 'ay' in English "hay"


ee
like 'ee' in English "knee"
eh
like 'e' in English "bed"
eu
like 'eu' in Dutch "keuken" and French "heureux"
ey
like 'ei' in Dutch "mei", like 'ij' in Dutch "mij"


ih
like 'i' in English "pin", "hit"
igh
like 'i' in English "time"


o
like 'o' in English "lot"
oh
like 'o' in English "hope"
oe
like ö in German "Königsberg," a bit like i in sir
oo
like 'oo' in English "moon"
ow
like 'ow' in English "cow"


uh
like 'u' in English "bud", 'a' in English "comma" (schwa)
uu
like 'u' in Dutch "nu", like 'ut' in French "salut"
uy
like 'ui' in Dutch "huis", like 'œ' in French "œil"

Consonant sounds[edit]

b
like 'b' in English "bird"
ch
like 'ch' in English "chin"
ck
like 'ck' in English "kick" (end of syllable only)
d
like 'd' in English "dog"
dh
like 'th' in English "those"
f
like 'f' in English "fun"
g
like 'g' in English "go"
gh
like 'g' in Dutch "geen"
h
like 'h' in English "hand"
j
like 'j' in English "jump", like "dg" in English "edge"
k
like 'k' in English "kill" (beginning of syllable only)
kh
like 'ch' in Scottish "loch"
l
like 'l' in English "love"
ll
like 'll' in English "mill" (end of syllable only)
ly
like 'll' in Spanish "caballo", like 'gl' in Italian "figlio", like 'lh' in Portuguese "ralho"
m
like 'm' in English "me"
n
like 'n' in English "nose"
ng
like nasal 'n' in French "vin", like 'ng' in English "sing"
ny
like ñ in Spanish "mañana", like gn in French "agneau", like nj in Dutch "oranje", like nh in Portuguese "vinho"
p
like 'p' in English "push"
r
like 'r' in English "row"
rh
like 'r' in French "français"
rr
like 'rr' in Spanish "perro"
s
like 's' in English "sun" (beginning of syllable only)
sh
like 'sh' in English "shed", "mush"
ss
like 'ss' in English "hiss" (end of syllable only)
t
like 't' in English "top"
v
like 'v' in English "vicar"
w
like 'w' in English "win"
y
like 'y' in English "yes" or "boy"
z
like 's' in English "has", 'z' in English "zero"
zh
like 's' in English "treasure"