With an area of 320,000 ha, Yacapana National Park is in the southwest sector of the Guyana Shield in the west central part of Amazonas state, between the Orinoco in the south and west, north and Ventuari Yagua pipe to the west. Includes Cerro Yacapana, Pantepuy typical plateau of Roraima formation.Park bordering the north, the river Ventuari the south and west, the Orinoco River and east Yagua. Flows originating from inside the pipe Maraya, which flows into the streams of Santa Barbara, is the most important. Of the indigenous groups, the National Park area is populated by Yapacana Piaroa. The most important river communities Maraya, Santa Barbara, Macuruco, Canaripó and Yagua.
In an altimetry between 75 and 1345 m, developed on the peneplain of Sipapo formed by the Orinoco river plains, covered with extensive savannas, Tepuy Yapacana emerges in the form of truncated pyramid and staggered. The park-defined by rivers Yagua Ventuari and Orinoco-aside from being a scenic resource is valued because it contains important scientific discoveries phytogeography.
Flora and fauna
In the westernmost part, there are three types of savannas, with varying degrees of evolution, have been discovered here Neotropical flora South American and Southeast Asian paleotrópico, important evidence to confirm the theories of separation of continental plates and the evolution of vegetation.
The vegetation corresponds to the tropical rain forest vegetation, flooded forest and dense savanna where there are several endemic species of grasses, emphasizing gender Pentaherista, sole representative in the world of the family of Tetrameristaceae.
warm rainy climate, continental monsoon type of character, the temperature varies between 19 °C and 27 °C, and annual average precipitation values exceed 3000 mm in a period of between 9 and 10 months are rainy.
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