Meaning "forked mound" in Turkish, Çatalhöyük is a Stone Age (7500 BC to 5700 BC) settlement in Turkey, about an hour by car from Konya. Because of its age, size, and good condition, it has been of great importance to archaeologists studying the transition from nomadic tribes to settlement and "civilization." Today the ruins together with reconstructed living quarters allow tourists to get some idea of what stone-age life might have been like.
It was inhabited from 7500 BC to 5700 BC by between 5,000-10,000 people, making it one of the largest settlements of its era. Çatalhöyük was abandoned during the Copper Age.
The site is located on two mounds, with an ancient ex-riverbed that was once a channel of the Çarşamba River running between them.
- There are frequent buses (1-2 per hour) from Konya Eski Garajı/Karatay otogarı to Çumra. You can look up the timetable at the website of Kontur Turizm, look for the trip between KONYA1 and ÇUMRA1. Then you can take one of the municipal buses of the ÇUMRA-GÜVERCİNLİK-KARKIN line (6 buses per day Monday - Saturday). Timetable here.
- There is a daily minibus (Monday to Saturday) from Konya Eski Garajı, departing at noon which passes by Çatalhöyük. Look for the minibus 'Karkın Küçükköy' On your way back to Konya, it's easiest to hitchhike to Çumra first, which is the nearest major town, and then take a bus to Konya from there, which costs 5 TL. (Hitchhiking Çatalhöyük to Çumra is pretty easy, with most drivers passing by themselves offer a free lift even when you are not thumbing.)
Fees and permits
The site should be small enough to walk, however due to the nature of the site (buildings are accessed from the rooftops) it may not be handicapped-accessible.