The Acadian Coast (French: la Côte Acadienne) covers the eastern coast of New Brunswick.
Much of what is now New Brunswick and Nova Scotia was once Acadia, a French-speaking colony in North America which was defeated by the English in the 1750s. Great Britain demanded Acadia pledge allegiance; the Acadians refused out of fear they would be forced to attack la Nouvelle France on behalf of the English and claimed neutrality. The English retaliated with mass deportations, known as le grand dérangement de 1755. Some Acadians settled as far afield as Louisiana, some returned to France. A few, displaced from points in southern New Brunswick such as Fort Beauséjour, fled north to establish the clandestine precursors of what is now Caraquet in 1757.
The people of the Acadian Coast region speak French as their first language, however many Acadians (particularly those south of the Miramichi Bay and Bathurst, Gloucester County regions) can speak fluent English.