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North America > Canada > Atlantic Canada > New Brunswick > Acadian Coast > Campbellton

Campbellton

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Salmon Sculpture in Downtown Campbellton, City Center building and Sugarloaf Mountain in the background

Campbellton is a city of 6,900 people (2016) on the Acadian Coast of New Brunswick; it is joined by an interprovincial bridge to Pointe-à-la-Croix, Québec.

Understand[edit]

The Acadian Coast extends eastward from Campbellton/Pointe-à-la-Croix along the south shore of the Baie de Chaleurs, a warm bay which continues past Caraquet. This region has a strong francophone heritage, in sharp contrast to the United Empire Loyalist roots of more southern New Brunswick communities such as Fredericton.

The area has had numerous names over the centuries: it was called Wisiamkik (muddy spot) by the Mi'kmaq who inhabited the region, it was then named Pointe-des-Sauvages by the French in 1700 and subsequently Pointe-Rochelle, Cavenik's Point, Kavanagh's Point, Quiton's Point and Martin's Point, before settling in 1833 with its current name in honour of Lieutenant-Governor Sir Archibald Campbell.

Forestry and tourism are major industries in the regional economy, while a pulp mill in nearby Atholville is the largest single employer in the area. As part of the tourism industry, wealthy sportfishermen seeking Atlantic salmon flock to the scenic Restigouche Valley every summer. The region sees extensive annual snowfall.

Campbellton is also a retail and service centre for Restigouche County.

  • Regional Tourist Information Center, 56 Salmon Boulevard, +1 506 789-2367.

History[edit]

The area around the site of the present city was settled by French people circa 1700 with a trading post based upon fishing and fur trading with the Mi'kmaq. More settlers arrived here when the French Ile St. Jean (Prince Edward Island) as the result of the capitulation of Louisbourg in 1758.

It was here that the Battle of the Restigouche, the final naval battle between the English and French for the possession of North America during the Seven Years' War, was waged in 1760. In 1769, Scotsman Hugh Baillie and a partner set up a fur and salted salmon business on the site that would become Campbellton. The business was sold to London merchant John Shoolbred, who in 1773 established the first British settlement on the Restigouche. His agent, William Smith, brought over eight Scottish fishermen from Aberdeen, Scotland, to work for him. In 1794, a Scotsman from Perth named Alexander Ferguson settled in Martin's Point (Campbellton), where his brother Robert joined him two years later.

Considered the founder of Restigouche County, Robert Ferguson established his control over the development of northern New Brunswick during the first half of the 19th century. In 1803, Ferguson inherited his brother's business and quickly became the largest merchant and exporter of fish in Restigouche. Until the 1840s, he shipped between 1,200 and 1,400 barrels of salted salmon per year. He became the most important landowner in the region. He also operated a flour mill and a sawmill and exported hewn wood. He even constructed his own boats in the village that now bears the name of Atholville.

In 1875, the advent of the intercolonial railway, and permanent railway station in 1876, had a strong impact on Campbellton. Its population increased rapidly.

On 11 July 1910, a disastrous fire sparked by a sawmill on the waterfront destroyed a large portion of the town. The fire was spread throughout the town by flaming shingles. Prior to the fire its population was approaching 4,000 citizens and help came from near and far to provide food and supplies in order to come to their aid. Most of the people had to live in tents while plans to rebuild were being prepared. Campbellton was rebuilt in the months and years following the fire. Many of the new (now historic) buildings were constructed of brick as Water Street had been designated a "Fire District" where all new buildings had to be built with fireproof exterior walls.

Climate[edit]

Campbellton has a cold, wet and snowy humid continental climate with vast seasonal temperature differences, although summers are somewhat moderated by its proximity to the cold waters of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. Moderation is nearly non-existent in winter, as prevailing wind from the interior cause temperatures to often plummet below −20 °C (−4 °F).

Get in[edit]

You can get to Campbellton from the Bathurst airport, the Campbellton VIA Rail station or by car. It takes about an hour from Bathurst Airport. The only airline in Bathurst airport is Air Canada. If you own a private plane or air taxi, you can also reach Campbellton by the Charlo airport nearby Campbellton.

Principal highways into Campbellton/Pointe-à-la-Croix are Québec 132 (a ring road around the entire Gaspé Peninsula, and the main road west from Rimouski) and NB 11 (a limited-access road eastward to the Acadian Coast). NB 17 runs southwest through forest to the NB-Maine border (joining the Trans-Canada Highway and US Route 1 near Van Buren, Maine), but there is one intermediate town and few services on this road.

Get around[edit]

See[edit]

  • Restigouche Sam, an 8.5-metre (28-ft) salmon statue made of stainless steel, honours Campbellton's historical connection with the "salmon-rich" Restigouche River.
  • The Restigouche Gallery. A local gallery that functions as a centre in the cultural program of the region. It has been host to major exhibitions from the N.B. Museum on a travelling basis. The gallery displays a tricultural permanent exhibition highlighting the cultural strength of the region bringing to the forefront Campbellton's diverse roots through its heritage Mi'kmaqs, Scottish and the French & Acadian heritage.
  • Esplanade Restigouche. Walk along the waterfront. Picnic areas.
  • The Restigouche River Experience Center, 1 Riverview Dr., toll-free: +1-844-787-3701, . W 10AM-5PM, Th-Sa 10AM-9PM. A Restigouche River Museum and an 86-site RV Park. The centre looks like the region's original fishing camps that you can find along the river. An interpretation centre with its touch tank where you can touch different marine organisms.
  • Several murals have also been created to beautify the city.

Do[edit]

  • Sugarloaf Provincial Park, 596 Val d' Amour Rd. 11.5-km² park. Hiking, and biking in the summer; downhill skiing, cross country skiing, snowboarding, snowmobiling, etc., in the winter. T-Bar Restaurant in the ski lodge.
  • Sno-Fest. 3 days in mid-February. Snow sculptures created by local artists. sleigh rides, dogsled rides, tube sliding, ice-skating, family games and on-site entertainment.
  • Salmon Festival. Late June to early July. Miss and Little Miss Salmon Festival pageants, Canada Day celebrations (July 1) with a giant fireworks display, salmon suppers, road race, live bands, Campbell Amusements Carnival, daily children activities, family activities, and a gigantic parade.
  • The Bluegrass Festival. Three days in mid-September. Local talent and visiting bands.
  • Harvest Festival. In mid-September, a 2-day event tgat is full of activities including a kids' corner, face painting, petting zoo, magician, music, cloggers, dancers, pony rides. On-site crafters sell homemade bread, sweets, preserves, jewellery, and knitted items. Free.
  • Campbellton Kiosk Entertainment, at the Kiosk Park (next to Water Park on Salmon Boulevard). Free music all summer long. Music every Wednesday and Sunday evenings throughout July and August.

Buy[edit]

  • Sugarloaf Mall, 312 Val-d'Amour Rd (off Highway 11). Su 12:00-17:00, M-Th 09:30-21:00, F 08:00-21:00, Sa 09:00-21:00. Two dozen shops including a Giant Tiger discount store.

Eat[edit]

  • Taste the Place Saveurs d'ici, 1 Riverview Drive (at the Restigouche River Experience Centre), toll-free: +1-844-787-3701. Th-Sa 4-9PM. Local food, craft beer, beautiful view of the river and mountains. Mains $22-33.
  • Chez Kim, 65 Water St, +1 506-753-5203. Tu-F 11AM-2PM and 4-8PM; Sa Su 4-8PM. Vietnamese, Chinese. Lunch specials $10-13.
  • Al's Pizzeria, 112 Water St, +1 506 759-9930. M Tu noon-10PM, W Th 11AM-10PM, F Sa 11AM-midnight, Su noon-10PM. Pizza, donairs, chicken wings.

Drink[edit]

Sleep[edit]

Go next[edit]

  • Battle of the Restigouche National Historic Site, 40 Boulvard Perron Ouest, Pointe-a-la-Croix, Quebec (5 km from Campbellton), +1 418-788-5676, toll-free: +1-888-773-8888. Mid-Jun to mid-Sep: daily 9AM-5PM. Since 1760, the wreck of the Machault, a 26-gun military sailing vessel charged with protecting merchant vessels from the British, has remained under water. At the Battle of Restigouche National Historic Site, it is now possible to admire the ship’s remains and to relive the last naval battle between France and Great Britain for possession of North American territory. Adult $3.90, senior $3.40, youth 17 and under free.
Routes through Campbellton
RimouskiMatapédia  W VIA Rail Ocean icon.png E  BathurstMoncton
END ← Jct W Qc132.svg E  N NB 11.svg S  DalhousieBathurst


This city travel guide to Campbellton is a usable article. It has information on how to get there and on restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.