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Ottawa

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Ottawa is the capital of Canada. The city is situated on the Ontario side of the Ottawa River, opposite Gatineau, Quebec. The metropolitan population of Ottawa is just under a million. It is the sixth largest city in Canada (fourth largest if Gatineau is included), and the second largest in Ontario after Toronto.

The city is bilingual: English is the first language of a majority of the population, but French is the first language of roughly 15%. Ottawa is home to Canada's largest French-speaking population outside of Quebec. Staff in most stores and restaurants speak both well and, in general, bilingualism is common.

The Peace Tower, Parliament Hill

Ottawa is home to many of the world's cultures as thousands of immigrants from around the world now call Ottawa home. The city is probably best known as the nation's capital but has become one of the fastest growing cities in North America owing to the booming high-tech business sector and has earned the name "Silicon Valley North".

Understand[edit]

History[edit]

Ottawa started as a humble lumber town called Bytown; it was named after Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers who oversaw the construction of the Rideau Canal, now a UNESCO World Heritage site, much of which was done by hand, between 1826 and 1832. Lumber mills were built along the Ottawa River in the mid-nineteenth century and those brought employment and wealth to the growing population. The centre of action then, as now, was the Byward Market. While it is still the centre of the city's nightlife, it has changed appreciably from the rough and tumble early days of brothels and taverns.

In 1857, Queen Victoria chose Ottawa as the capital of Canada. The choice was controversial, partly because it sidestepped the rivalry between Toronto and Montreal (then, as now, Canada's largest cities), and partly because the new capital was still a tiny outpost in the middle of nothing much — an American newspaper famously commented that it was impregnable, as any invaders would get lost in the woods looking for it.

During the latter half of the nineteenth century, the telephone was demonstrated to the Canadian public for the first time and the city was electrified. The first electric streetcar service was started in 1891. A menu from 1892 states that, "the first instance in the entire world of an entire meal being cooked by Electricity" was in Ottawa.

Today, the major economic sectors are the public service, travel and tourism and the high-tech industry. Ottawa has remained a green city and is situated at the confluence of three rivers (Ottawa, Rideau and Gatineau) and of the Rideau Canal. Many residents make regular use of Ottawa's parks and green spaces, bikeways and cross country ski trails. Many national attractions are located in Ottawa: Parliament Hill, the National Library and Archives, the National Gallery, and the Museums of History, Contemporary Photography, Nature, War, and Science & Technology.

Climate[edit]

 Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
 
Daily highs (°C) -6 -4 2 11 19 24 26 25 20 13 5 -2
Nightly lows (°C) -15 -13 -7 1 7 13 16 14 10 3 -3 -10
Precipitation (mm) 64 52 65 68 81 91 89 88 87 79 77 74

See the Ottawa 7 day forecast at Environment Canada

Visitor information[edit]

In addition to the Capital Information Kiosk, the tourist office's eager helpers can be found in public places, ready to answer questions in French or English. You can identify them by their blue uniforms with white question marks ("?").

  • 1 Capital Information Kiosk90 Wellington Street (opposite Parliament Hill),  +1 613-239-5000, toll-free: +1-844-878-8333, e-mail: . 10AM-5PM daily. Excellent first stop for all kinds of tourist information, in friendly and fluent English and French. This is the office which issues free tickets for tours of the Parliament buildings. free.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

The renovated and expanded Macdonald-Cartier International Airport (IATA: YOW) is Ottawa's main airport with regular arrivals and departures from most major Canadian and many American cities. Services outside North America, however, are limited to a daily flight to London Heathrow and a daily flight to Frankfurt with Air Canada, plus seasonal service to London Gatwick. Air France, KLM, and Swiss International Airlines provide shuttle bus services between Ottawa and Montreal that facilitate connections with their flights operated from Trudeau International Airport. This trip takes about two hours. Via Rail also operates a shuttle bus from the Dorval train station to nearby Trudeau International Airport. This free shuttle service allows one to travel from Ottawa to Dorval (a suburb of Montreal) by rail, and then transfer directly to the airport on a dedicated on-demand bus.

Macdonald-Cartier is easily reached by public transit or taxi and most of the major car rental agencies have a presence at the airport terminal in the parking garage. A taxi to downtown hotels should cost between $25 and $35, while a taxi to nearby hotels should not cost more than $10.

To reach downtown via public transit, take the #97 bus (the only bus at the airport, outside at arrivals at pole #12)) and get out at the Mackenzie King transitway stop (14 stops away) at the Rideau Centre shopping mall. If you take this route before 6AM, you will likely follow the more meandering early morning route but will still get to Mackenzie King. To get to the train station, you still take the #97 bus but get out at Hurdman station (10 stops away) and transfer to the #95 eastbound bus to the next stop which is the train station. The bus fare is $3.40 ($3.40 with pre-purchased tickets) which gives you 1.5 hours of unlimited bus travel or $10.25 for an all-day pass. Exact change is required, Remember to ask the bus driver for a transfer even if you do not intend to transfer to another bus. OC Transpo security personnel may get on the bus at any given stop and ask passengers for proof of payment. You will be required to show your transfer or else you will be fined. It doesn't happen often, but when it does, it can be embarrassing and expensive.

By bus[edit]

There is a Voyageur/Greyhound terminal in Ottawa with regular service to Montreal (departure on the hour from 6AM to midnight), Toronto and other cities in North America. The bus terminal is downtown on the corner of Catherine Street and Kent Street, between Bronson Avenue and Bank Street. Though the bus terminal is downtown, a 15-20 minute walk will get you to most hotels and downtown attractions. Alternatively, a 5-10 minute local bus ride will do the same. (Bus #4, with its stop around the corner from the terminal on Kent Street, is the bus that you will want to take.)

Greyhound buses coming from Montreal also usually make an intermediary "University of Ottawa" stop (actually at Laurier Station near the corner of Laurier Avenue East and Waller Street) before going to the Catherine Street terminal. This stop is closer walking distance to the Byward Market, the Rideau Canal, and Parliament Hill, and is a more central city transit hub. It may be necessary to request the stop with the driver.

In 2014, a coach from Toronto would cost between $34 and $73 ($48 with a Hostelling international discount) and would take 5 to 6 hours. There were 8 coaches a day.

A taxi to most downtown hotels should cost between $8 and $15, and buses are $3.40 (cash, Presto or prepaid tickets, change is not available). A daily bus pass is also available for purchase on the bus.

By train[edit]

Passenger train service is run by Via Rail in Canada and the main train station in Ottawa, 2 Ottawa Station (IATA: XDS), is less than ten minutes from downtown by car, taxi or bus. There are six trains daily leaving for Montreal and intermediate points, with five trains daily to Toronto and points in between. Service is reduced on Saturday, Sundays and holidays.

Ottawa has two train stations, the Ottawa Station near downtown, and a secondary station, 3 Fallowfield Station, in the western suburb of Barrhaven, convenient for Nepean and Kanata points. All trains to Toronto stop at Fallowfield; two of the six weekday trains to Montreal originate or terminate at Fallowfield.

Ottawa Station is on a high frequency bus route (#94 or #95) and takes only 5 minutes to get you downtown, heading west. Fallowfield station is also on the #94 and #95 bus route but at the far south-west end.

It is possible to get downtown from the main train station on foot, although it requires a bit of navigation. This path should not be taken alone after dark and may be flooded after periods of intense rain or snow melting. Have a street map with you so you can locate yourself once you have reached Strathcona Park. The station to Strathcona Park takes about half an hour (2.5 km). Another half hour from the park to downtown. A map is available online. (Note: due to the construction of Light Rail, these directions might not be accurate until the end of 2018)

  1. On exiting the station, walk along the west (left-hand) arm of the vehicle loop and across the Transitway bridge.
  2. Before reaching Tremblay Road, take the bike path to your left going west.
  3. The path will take you along the bus lanes and will pass over Riverside Drive.
  4. You will merge with a path coming up from Riverside Drive; continue walking west, away from the street.
  5. Shortly after that, you will come to a fork; go right (north) and continue until you see a pedestrian bridge on your left.
  6. Take the pedestrian bridge over the Rideau River.
  7. Immediately after the pedestrian bridge, turn right towards the north.
  8. Take the paved bike path, go under the highway bridge and keep following the Rideau River northward for about 1 km.
  9. Once you reach the end of the path, you are in Strathcona Park.
  10. Use a street map or an on-line map service to find your way from Strathcona Park to your downtown destination; at the north end of the park is Laurier Avenue, a major east-west street; parallel to it and several blocks north is Rideau Street.

By boat[edit]

Sailing up the Rideau Canal

The Ottawa (Outaouais) River is navigable from Ottawa to Montréal, but is blocked to the west by rapids within Ottawa-Hull.

The city is also accessible via the Rideau Canal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which runs from the St. Lawrence River at Kingston to the Ottawa River at Ottawa where it empties via a series of locks. It is possible to dock at Dow's Lake Pavilion and at points along the Rideau Canal and Ottawa River near downtown.

By car[edit]

By car, Ottawa is about a 4.5 hour trip from Toronto via the 401 and 416 highways, or via highway 7. Montreal is 2-3 hours away via Highway 417, the Trans-Canada Highway. The American border at Prescott-Ogdensburg is forty-five minutes from Ottawa's western suburbs (at the opposite end of Highway 416) with Interstate 81 60km (40 miles) further upriver in the Thousand Islands.

Get around[edit]

Public transit[edit]

Ottawa rapid transit map

The city's public transit is run by OC Transpo and includes the bus service and the O-Train light rail system. The network includes the Transitway, a bus rapid transit system running through and out of downtown partly on bus-only roads, with frequent service (on the order of 1 to 2 minutes, depending on your stop and final destination, at rush hour). The City of Ottawa is building a light rail system; many OC Transpo routes will be affected during the 2013-2018 construction period.

As of 2017, the bus fare for regular routes is $3.40 or two tickets. Tickets cost $1.60 each and are available from local stores in sheets of six (but some stores will sell smaller numbers at a time). Children 6 to 11 years of age require only one ticket. Upon boarding, make sure that you are given a transfer, which allows you to ride any number of buses or trains until its expiry (in roughly 1.5 hours). The transfer is also your proof of payment in case fare enforcers board the bus to check that passengers have paid. A day pass can be purchased on any bus for $8.30 and is good for both buses and the train. On Sundays, families (up to two adults and four children, age 11 and under) can share a day pass.

The O-Train operates on a "Proof of Payment" (POP) system. Valid proof of payment is a bus transfer (see above), or an O-Train ticket purchased from the automated vending machines for $3.40. The vending machine does not accept bus tickets, nor are bus tickets acceptable proof of payment. Children 11 and under can ride the O-Train for free. Articulated buses (the long ones) use this same POP system as well, where rear boarding is available to pass holders.

Although the downtown is very walkable, if you are within the downtown area (Lebreton station to Campus station), you can take any bus going east-west. If you are going to the Byward Market from the Transitway (#95, #96, #97, #85, #86, #87), get off at Rideau Centre and walk through the mall to the other end. To go North-South, take the #4 (to Catherine Street, edge of Centretown), the #7 (edge of Old Ottawa South) or the #1 (all the way down Bank Street to Ottawa South).

The city's two main universities are accessible from this system: University of Ottawa at the Laurier or Campus stations on the 95/97/etc. line, and Carleton University at the Carleton stop on the O-Train line or bus line #7. The U of O area (Sandy Hill) is well endowed with pubs, coffee shops and restaurants. Carleton's immediate surroundings do not have those; their student hangouts are away from the university, mostly in the Glebe.

The Ottawa Transitway (dedicated roads on which only buses are allowed) offers speedy travel to outlying areas, where you can transfer to local buses.

By taxi[edit]

Taxis are easy to find downtown; elsewhere, phone for a cab. All taxis should have a meter and the base charge is $2.45, and overall rates are quite high compared to most other North American cities. A ride from downtown to the airport will be costly, running between $25 and C$35. Cabs will not take credit cards for fares below $10. Most cab drivers know Ottawa well, but have clear instructions if you're going anywhere in the suburbs as many developments in the outskirts are relatively new. Ottawa cabs aren't supposed to pick up customers off the street on the Quebec side; the converse applies to Quebec cabs in Ottawa. You may phone a Quebec cab if you are in Ottawa and vice versa.

Uber is active in Ottawa too. Since 2016 they are allowed to operate under certain rules.

By car[edit]

Parking at most attractions is convenient, though on-street parking in downtown areas is at a premium (more expensive than most other cities in North America). If you are driving to downtown on the weekend, parking is free in the garage at the World Exchange Plaza. There are entrances to the garage on both Metcalfe Street and Queen Street. A map is useful if you are going to be driving around downtown as many of the streets are one-way and more than one visitor has complained about navigating the downtown core. Be warned that drivers in Ottawa are rated as some of the worst in Canada, often failing to signal for lane changes or making "illegal" turns into far lanes rather than the ideal/closest lane.

Most major car rental companies have several offices in Ottawa with all of them represented downtown and at the airport.

Keep in mind that driving while talking on your cell phone is illegal in Ontario unless you use a hands-free system.

On foot[edit]

Ottawa is a great city to explore on foot, though in winter you need good clothes and boots to consider it. With pedestrian-friendly streets and the density of attractions, a car is expensive and unnecessary for the most part. An excellent place to start any tour of Ottawa is the Capital Information Kiosk, located at 90 Wellington Street, directly across from the Parliament buildings. They have maps and brochures for most tourist attractions in Ottawa, many of which are within walking distance.

Popular pedestrian areas, especially during spring and summer months, are the various streets in the Byward Market. Sparks Street, running through downtown parallel to the Parliament Buildings, is a popular pedestrian area during the day and night, particularly in the spring and summer months.

Guided walking tours are available with Ottawa Walking Tours and others such as Around About Ottawa. All tours include some history as well as other tidbits of trivia not commonly known. Especially popular is the Haunted Walk of Ottawa that provides a variety of walking tours focusing on the city's darker and more offbeat past.

Ottawa is a city with a truly continental climate. In winter, exposed skin can freeze in minutes or less, so layer up on the clothing and protect yourself by wearing a hat (toque or hunters cap), gloves and boots. Despite being closer to the North Pole than the equator, summer temperature and humidity can be oppressively high, so bring water if you're doing any amount of walking or cycling. If you are on the public pathways near the canal or the river, there are drinking fountains to refill your bottles. Also, don't forget the mosquito repellent.

If you happen to be in Ottawa around early June, make sure you check the website of Jane's Walk Ottawa, an annual festival of free neighbourhood walking tours organised by volunteers. Jane's Walk is a pedestrian-focused event that improves urban literacy by offering insights into local history, planning, design, and civic engagement through the simple act of walking and observing. They are a lot of fun and you will hear stories that you won't find in any guide book.

By bicycle[edit]

Ottawa is very accessible to cyclists. In the summer, the downtown bike corridor on Laurier Ave counts 70,000 bike rides a month. The bike routes along the canal see around 350,000 bike rides a year. Again, you may want to start immediately opposite Parliament Hill to pick up a map of the area (in the World Exchange Plaza's NCC booth in the main hallway) or find a bicycle rental. Cycling to the attractions around downtown Ottawa is a great way to get around, but don't ignore the Gatineau side of the river. The city has several attractions along the river including the Museum of History and if you want to really stretch your legs, Gatineau Park has many great cycling paths; the Champlain Look Out has a wonderful view over the Ottawa Valley.

There are usually a few options for renting bicycles downtown, including Bike Dump, Right Bike and of course you can always bring your own. You can also get a bicycle for shorter time periods via VeloGo bike sharing system. About 20 bike stations are to be found mainly in downtown Ottawa and a bit further south along te canal and Dow's Lake. and across the Ottawa River in Gatineau. Velogo is designed for short trips; find pricing on their website. Rentabike [dead link], a central and well equipped bike rental place is across from the hotel Chateau Laurier underneath the intersection. From here you can start your adventures by cycling south or north along the Rideau canal on its pathways.

The city is criss-crossed by over 170 km of multi-use paths, shared with pedestrians and in-line skaters. Dogs on leash are allowed along many of the paths, but only if the owner is on foot. Many paths are unlit at night, so careful that you don't ride into a leash between the dog and its owner. The maximum speed on the pathways is 20km/hr (13 m/hr).

The National Capital Commission closes 50 km of roadways to cars every Sunday during the summer from Victoria Day (late May) to Labour Day (early September) allowing for cycling, in-line skating and walking on these roadways. For route suggestions, check local bloggers websites:

OC Transpo has bicycle racks on the front of many buses (seasonally). You can load your bike on the rack and then ride the bus for the normal passenger fare. The O-Train will take bikes as well.

The City of Ottawa has bike repair stations in public spaces along paths and across from City Hall, at libraries and community centres. The stations consist of a pump and the most important tools, connected to a base with steel cables.

Long time advocacy group Citizens for Safe Cycling (since 1984) maintains an extensive website with information on infrastructure progress. Contact them also with questions about routes, concerns and popular destinations. Although it is a volunteer run organisation, they are usually fairly fast in responding. #ottbike is the commonly used hashtag.

See[edit]

There are many national museums and galleries in Ottawa and neighbouring Gatineau. All museums in Ottawa have free admission on Canada Day, July 1, although they are generally very crowded then.

Museum of History (formerly the Museum of Civilization), across the river in Gatineau
  • 1 Canadian War Museum1 Vimy Place +1 819-776-7000, toll-free: +1-800-555-5621. Sept–June: Mon–Wed, Fri–Sun 9:30am–5pm, Thu 9:30am–8pm. June–Sept: Mon–Wed, Fri–Su 9:30am–6pm, Thu 9:30am–8pm. Moved to a new building west of downtown in 2005 but still within walking distance of the downtown attractions, the museum presents Canada's involvement in armed conflict beginning with battles between the French and British, through to the World Wars, Korea, and the country's current involvement in NATO and UN operations. $12 for adults. A joint War Museum and Museum of History ticket $18. Free on Th after 6PM. Canadian War Museum on Wikipedia
  • 2 Museum of History100 Laurier Street, Hull +1 819-776-7000, toll-free: +1-800-555-5621. Sept–June: Mon–Wed, Fri–Sun 9:30am–5pm, Thu 9:30am–8pm. June–Sept: Mon–Wed, Fri–Su 9:30am–6pm, Thu 9:30am–8pm. This museum presents the story of Canada's population beginning with Aboriginal migration across the Bering Strait through European settlement by the Vikings around 1000 CE, and the British and French in the 1500s. The museum has items ranging from full-size Salish totem poles to the recreation of a small prairie town complete with grain elevator. The museum also includes an exhibit on Canada Post and a separate museum for children. $10 for adult. A joint War Museum and Museum of History ticket can be purchased for $15. Free on Th after 4PM. Canadian Museum of History on Wikipedia
Jacques Plante's Goalie Mask on display in the Science and Technology Museum
  • 3 Science and Technology Museum. The museum has several displays that are popular with children, including massive locomotives inside the building and electricity demonstrations. Due to a mould problem this museum is closed and is expected to re-open in November 2017 Canada Science and Technology Museum on Wikipedia
  • 4 Canadian Museum of Nature. Galleries of fossils, mammals, birds and geology among others. Canadian Museum of Nature on Wikipedia
National Gallery of Canada (left) and Ottawa Cathedral
  • 5 National Gallery380 Sussex Dr +1 613-990-1985. Free admission Th after 5PM. National Gallery of Canada on Wikipedia
  • 6 Supreme Court of Canada. Canada's highest court and the best example in Ottawa of Art Deco architecture. Its marble Grand Entrance Hall is particularly impressive. The visit includes a tour in the Federal Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court of Canada hearing room. The visits last about 30 minutes and are provided by law students hired at the Court. The Court is a 5 minutes' walk from Parliament.

    Tours are offered in French on the half hour and in English on the hour. No reservations are needed between May 1 and August 30. Visitor reservations are required between September 1 to April 30. Free. Supreme Court of Canada on Wikipedia

  • 7 Royal Canadian Mint320 Sussex Drive (a five-minute walk north of the National Gallery),  +1 613 993-8990, toll-free: +1 800 276-7714. 09:00-18:00. Canada's commemorative and collectable coinage is minted here (circulation coinage is minted in Winnipeg), as were the medals for the 2010 Olympics. Tours are available, and there is no charge if you only want to visit the boutique. Price varies depending on day of the week and age of person, group discount rates available. Royal Canadian Mint on Wikipedia
  • 8 Canada Aviation Museum11 Aviation Parkway (at Ottawa/Rockcliffe Airport),  +1 613-993-2010, toll-free: +1-800-463-2038fax: +1 613-993-3655. 9AM-5PM daily. Former RCAF base with civilian and military aircraft ranging from pre-World War I to modern, including 1920s-1940s bush planes, war planes from both World Wars and the Cold War, surviving components of the 1950s' Avro Arrow interceptor and Space Shuttle Endeavor's Canadarm, a Canadian-built robotic arm. Guided tours, boutique. TTY: +1 613-990-7530 $13, student/seniors $10. Canada Aviation and Space Museum on Wikipedia
  • 9 Bank of Canada Currency Museum. Free. Currency Museum (Canada) on Wikipedia
  • 10 Canada Agriculture Museum861 Prince of Wales Dr +1 613-991-3044, toll-free: +1-866-442-4416. Exhibitions: 9AM-5PM daily late Feb-late Nov. Animal barns: 9AM-5PM daily all year. A working animal farm in the city. You can visit animal barns, see various demonstrations and exhibitions, and ride on a horse-drawn wagon. The museum also has a playground and picnic area. It is very popular with young children and a welcome change of pace for kids who have seen enough history after visiting some of the other sights. $7 adults, $6 students/seniors, $4 children 3-14, $16 families (2 adults and 3 children), free for children under 3. Seniors free on Tuesday. Admission to animal barns is by donation during time of year when the exhibitions are closed. Canada Agriculture Museum on Wikipedia
  • 11 Bytown Museum1 Canal Ln (at the Rideau Canal locks between Parliament Hill and Chateau Laurier),  +1 613-234-4570. Victoria Day weekend-Thanksgiving Day: F-W 10AM-5PM, Th 10AM-9PM. Rest of year: Tu-Su 11AM-4PM. A small museum at the foot of Parliament Hill with a focus on Ottawa's early history. $6 adults, $4 seniors/students/youth, $3 children 5-12, $15 families (2 adults plus three children under 18), free for children 4 and under. Free admission Th 5PM-9PM from Victoria Day-Thanksgiving Day. Bytown Museum on Wikipedia
  • 12 Rideau Hall1 Sussex Dr +1 613-991-4422, toll-free: +1-866-842-4422. Residence tour (without reservations): Apr 30-Jun 26: Sa-Su 10AM-4PM, Jun 27-Sep 5: 10AM-4PM daily (unguided open-house tours available Jul-Aug), Sep 6-Oct 30: Sa-Su noon-4PM. Advance reservations required for tours at any time from Nov-Apr, and weekdays May-Jun and Sep-6-Oct 30. Grounds tour: 8AM-1 hour before sunset daily. The official residence of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and her representative the Governor General of Canada. The grounds and the residence are open to the public for tours. Reservations are recommended during low season (September 1 - April 30). Free. Rideau Hall on Wikipedia
  • 13 Diefenbunker - Canada's Cold War Museum3911 Carp Rd, Carp (from Ottawa, take Hwy 417 west to exit 144, then go north on Carp Rd, watch for the sign on the left side of the road), toll-free: +1-800-409-1965. Self-guided tours 11AM-4PM daily. Built to protect the government from nuclear attack, this once-secret bunker is now a museum and National Historic Site of Canada. "Diefenbunker" is a play on "Diefenbaker", the Canadian prime minister in the 1950s who authorized the construction of the facility. In addition to preserving and promoting Canada's Cold War history, the museum offers a variety of visitor programs and services. You can learn, play or shop as you discover the bunker's secrets and relive the experience of the Cold War. Guided tours by reservation only. If you do not have access to a vehicle and are willing to do a 50 minute bus ride plus pay a $30 taxi, you can # take the OcTranpo #95 or #97; # Transfer to the #93 at Lincoln Fields; # Get off at the Legget / Ad. 515 stop; # Walk 3 minutes to Brookstreet Hotel; # Take a taxi to the Diefenbunker. $14 adults, $13 seniors, $10 students , $8 youth 6-18, $40 families (2 adults plus 3 youth), free for children 5 and under. CFS Carp on Wikipedia
Museum of History - Atrium
  • 14 Nepean PointAlexandra Bridge (behind the National Gallery). Daily 08:00-23:00. A quiet place to watch the sun set, or to take photos of Parliament Hill, the National Gallery, the Museum of History, and the Royal Canadian Mint from angles that don't usually end up in the tourist brochures. Nepean Point is also home to a statue of Samuel de Champlain, and the Astrolabe Theatre (one of the better places to watch the fireworks from on July 1). However, the point is not accessable if you're in a wheelchair. Nepean Point on Wikipedia

Parliament Hill[edit]

Parliament Hill, Canada's house of democracy
The National War Memorial near Parliament Hill

The primary attraction for most visitors is 15 Parliament Hill. Parliament Hill is in the middle of downtown Ottawa, overlooking the Ottawa River. Not only is the building a fine example of the Gothic revival style, it makes an excellent starting point to visit all other points of interest in the area.

  • The Changing of the Guard takes place daily on the lawns of Parliament at 9AM. The Governor General's Foot Guards can also be seen at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and at Rideau Hall.

Tours of the building are available daily with multiple tours (in English and French) available at staggered times throughout the day. If you have a group of greater than 10 people, you must make a reservation in advance by calling the reservations office at +1 613-996-0896.

  • The Centre Block tour is the most popular as it includes inside views of the House of Commons, the Senate, and the newly renovated Library of Parliament. Same-day tickets are free and available on a first-come-first-served basis from 9AM. Pick up your ticket as early as possible to have the best chance of securing a start time that works for you. Tours last from 20 to 60 minutes depending on building activity.
  • From July 2 to Labour Day (early September), tours of the East Block are also available; tour guides take you through the restored offices of some of the Fathers of Confederation (Sir John A. Macdonald, Sir George-Etienne Cartier, Governor General Lord Dufferin and the original Privy Council Office) explaining the beginnings of the Dominion of Canada while historical characters let you in on the daily lives of Canada's past politicians. Tours last about an hour and free same-day tickets can be picked up at the Info-tent on the Hill by West Block.
  • If there are no more tickets available, or you have to wait for your time, a fine self-guided walking tour around the grounds of Parliament Hill will keep you busy. Free booklets are available at the visitors' centre.
  • One of the nicer, unexpected views, looking from the bottom up, can be accessed at the back of the Parliament Buildings—that vantage point also provides a river view of the Canadian Museum of History, across the river in downtown Gatineau (a sector that was formerly the city of Hull).
  • The walk down from the southwest corner of the Centre Block allows visitors to visit the Hill cats, a group of feral animals housed there by volunteers.(No longer available as of January 2013) Behind the Parliament Buildings at sunset is a sight to remember. You can walk by the Rideau Canal locks (at the east corner) and visit the Bytown Museum at the level of the canal.
  • The locks divide Parliament Hill from the Fairmont Chateau Laurier, a former railway hotel.
  • Mosaika Parliament Hill Sound & Light Show. Newly developed for 2010 by the National Capital Commission, the Sound & Light Show is a 30-minute film about Canada projected on the Centre Block of the Parliament Buildings. Bleacher seating is available and no reservations or tickets are required. There is one show nightly until September at 21:30.

Professional Sports[edit]

For the sports fan, Ottawa has professional sports teams:

Do[edit]

There are a number of walking tours to introduce you to the capital area.

  • Ottawa Walking Tours offers historical guided walks of Ottawa's downtown core with special stops at areas of historical significance. Tours acquaint guests with the history of the city and allow visitors to learn more about Ottawa’s history, architecture and colourful political characters. Tours are offered year-round and reservations are required. For more information, call +1 613-799-1774.
  • The Haunted Walk of Ottawa offers tours focusing on Ottawa's infamous haunts and darker history. Hear tales of hauntings at some of Ottawa's most well known locations, including the Fairmont Chateau Laurier, Bytown Museum and the Ottawa Jail Hostel. Cloaked guides lead guests through the city streets by lantern light-the perfect atmosphere for a good ghost story. Tours run year-round, rain or shine. Reservations are strongly recommended. For more information, call +1 613-232-0344.

If you enjoy the outdoors, especially if you are a cyclist, you should definitely visit Gatineau Park just across the river from Ottawa. Bicycles can be rented during the summer months at Rentabike, 2 Rideau St, (under Rideau st on the East side of the canal). Ottawa and the surrounding area boasts over 170 km of public paved trails on which you can run, bike, walk or rollerblade. If you are looking for a place to start, head to the nearest waterway: paved trails line both sides of the Ottawa River, the Rideau Canal, and the Rideau River. The Trans Canada Trail enters Ottawa through the outskirt communities of Carleton Place and Stittsville, then joins up with the Ottawa River at Brittania Bay (near Carling Avenue at Bayshore Drive). It follows the river 13 kilometers east to Parliament Hill, then crosses over to the Quebec side, extending into and beyond Gatineau Park.

Skating on the Rideau canal
  • 1 Rideau Skateway. In winter, go skating on the largest outdoor skating rink in the world, the Rideau canal. Skates can be rented, and refreshments purchased, from vendors right on the ice. This is also a great place to enjoy a "beaver tail" (a sweet pastry). free, skates can be rented..
  • Skiing. The city's trail system serves as an excellent cross-country ski trail system, as do the nearly 200 km of groomed ski trails in Gatineau Park. Downhill skiing is available across the river in three near-by sites: Camp Fortune (180 m vertical), Edelweiss (200 m vertical) and Mont Cascades (165 m vertical).
  • Yoga on the Hill. During the summer months, a free weekly yoga class is offered on Parliament Hill most Wednesdays beginning at noon. The class is very popular—sometimes attracting more than a thousand people—so it's recommended to arrive a bit early to claim a spot on the grass. Yoga mat recommended but optional.
  • Maple Syrup. In early spring (typically March), when the daytime temperatures are above freezing and night temperatures are below freezing, consider visiting a sugarbush for fresh maple syrup. There are many to choose from in the region if you have a car to drive out of the city.
    • 2 Vanier Museopark Sugar Shack200- 300, avenue des Pères Blancs, Vanier +1 613 842-9871, e-mail: . Saturday-Sunday 09:00-14:00, March and April only. The Vanier Museopark's "Sugar Shack" offers the sugarbush experience without needing to leave the city. Reservations can be made at the website.
  • Doors Open Ottawa, e-mail: . Doors Open Ottawa, the second-largest Doors Open architectural event in North America, takes place during the first weekend in June. Over 100 buildings (many of which are normally closed to the public, such as embassies, official residences, museum storage buildings, and city infrastructure facilities) open their doors to the public, offering free admission to part or all of the premises. Most but not all participating buildings also allow photography. While the event takes place both Saturday and Sunday from 10 am to 4 pm, not all buildings are open both days.

Day trips to Québec[edit]

Since Ottawa is located right on the provincial border, daytrips to neighbouring Québec can be made easily.

  • Gatineau - Right across the Ottawa river. The Canadian Museum of History is worth a visit. The nightlife in the Old Hull neighbourhood is often considered superior to Ottawa's, with a handful of loud clubs but also a decent offering of artistic cafés with good local live music.
  • Gatineau Park is directly north from Hull; the Camp Fortune and Edelweiss ski areas are also north of the city, near Chelsea and Wakefield respectively. Wakefield is a picturesque artist town on the side of the Gatineau river. Rich with cultural offerings and beautiful natural surroundings (especially in autumn).
  • Buckingham is downriver from Gatineau in the east, as one of the more accessible venues for rural maple sugar shack camps.
  • Aventure Laflèche +1 819 457-4033. A superb destination for those interested in outdoor activities in the Gatineau Hills year round. A community-owned non-profit company that offers beautiful nature trails, tours of the historical Laflèche caves, and the province's largest aerial park for the adventurous (includes several ziplines). Calling ahead for reservations is highly recommended.
  • Eco-Odyssée +1 819 459-2551. Another great option for nature lovers close to Wakefield. A water maze that's great for learning about the local marsh environments.

Shows[edit]

Ottawa has many movie theatres to choose from, but there are also a few that specialize in "foreign" films (i.e., not American), early releases, old returning films and specialty films. The Bytowne Cinema is on Rideau Street near King Edward. The Mayfair Theatre is at 1074 Bank St. near Sunnyside. In addition, the Canadian Film Institute screens films at multiple venues for the specialist film crowd.

Ottawa has lots of live theatre entertainment. That includes the National Arts Centre in English and French, the Great Canadian Theatre Company and the Ottawa Little Theatre.

Jazz and blues lovers can find what they are looking for in these Ottawa music calendars: jazz shows and blues-jazz calendar. Venues include Vineyards in the Byward Market, GigSpace near Little Italy, and the Options Jazz Lounge in the Brookstreet Hotel (in Kanata). Many other venues offer jazz weekly or occasionally; see this club list. Find Blues at the Rainbow in the Byward Market and Irene's Pub in the Glebe.

For Folk music, see the Ottawa Folk Music Events listings.

Ottawa is host to over 60 festivals and events per year, including:

  • Ottawa Jazz Festival. In late June.
  • Ottawa International Chamber Music Festival. In summer, one of the largest in the world
  • Bluesfest. Also in summer: The largest blues festival in Canada, and featuring as well rock, pop and world music. Many visitors come to Ottawa from Atlantic Canada and New England specifically for Bluesfest.
  • The Fringe Festival. Another summer offering.
  • Winterlude. Winter fun featuring ice carving and snow sculptures
  • The Tulip Festival. A spring bonanza of flowering bulbs, given annually by the Dutch government, and a concert series featuring well-known Canadian rock and other popular music groups.
  • Ferrari Festival. In June, on Preston Street.
  • Canada Day. Celebrate Canada's birthday in Ottawa on July 1.
  • Pirate Adventurs588 hog's back road +1 613-859-5199. June-Oct. Join the swashbuckling crew of Pirate Adventures for an interactive theatre and cruise along the Rideau Canal at Mooney's Bay. Pirate costumes, face paint and new pirate names for all as the captain and his crew hunt for sunken treasure whilst fending of mischievous pirates!

Learn[edit]

The two best known universities in the city are Carleton University and the bilingual University of Ottawa. Bilingual St. Paul's University is a Catholic university with ties to the University of Ottawa, offering various degrees in theology and social sciences. Dominican University College is a Dominican university where theology and philosophy can be studied at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels, also in English or French. There is also Algonquin College and the francophone Cité Collégiale.

Work[edit]

The Federal Government is the region's largest employer with the high-tech sector firmly in second place. Unless you are a Canadian resident, you will need a work visa to work in Ottawa, and some Federal Government jobs require Canadian citizenship. Most Federal Government jobs require applicants to be bilingual in English and French.

Buy[edit]

ByWard Market
  • 1 Byward Market (downtown, located east of the Canal and Sussex Drive, north of Rideau). Among other things, this is a farmer's market; in summer, stalls selling fresh produce and flowers line the streets, and maple syrup bought here costs half the price of souvenir shops elsewhere in the city. It is also a craft and tourist market with a range of shops and the city's busiest entertainment district with restaurants, pubs, bars and many street performers. Interesting to see it during the day (when it's a shopping destination) then in the evening (when it's a nightlife destination). ByWard Market on Wikipedia
  • 2 Sparks Street. A pleasant pedestrian street one block off Parliament Hill; a common tourist thoroughfare for seeing the sights. Along this street you'll find the majority of the tourist shops selling postcards, magnets, and maple syrup. The Astrolabe Gallery, located on this street, is a treasure trove of antique maps as well as vintage posters. There are several outdoor cafés and restaurants to choose from also. Sparks Street on Wikipedia
  • 3 Westboro Village. A stretch along Richmond Road in the "near west" of Ottawa from Golden east to Tweedsmuir has become a popular tourism and shopping zone with several outdoor stores (clothing and equipment), restaurants and coffee shops. Notable shops include the Mountain Equipment Coop, Ten Thousand Villages, Starbucks, Bridgehead (fair trade coffee), Kitchenalia, a chocolatier and several others. Westboro, Ottawa on Wikipedia
  • 4 Bank Street Promenade. Great mix of stores ranging from chain restaurants to specialty shops. District extends from Wellington St to Gladstone Ave.
  • 5 Wellington West. Wellington West is the commercial district of Hintonburg and Wellington Village, located in the west end between Little Italy and Westboro. It is home to independent businesses in Ottawa, such as boutiques, restaurants and food shops, and local art galleries, as well as the Parkdale Market. Notable shops include Hintonburger, Suzy Q, Elmdale Tavern and several others.

Larger shopping malls include the Rideau Centre (downtown), St. Laurent Shopping Centre (East Central), Place D'Orleans (East End), the Bayshore Shopping Centre and Carlingwood Mall (West End).

The last Saturday in May, Ottawa's Glebe neighbourhood hosts the annual Great Glebe Garage Sale. Hundreds of residents set-up tables in their garages or on their lawns and sell used goods ranging from household knick-knacks to electronics to clothing. Businesses in the area also hold sidewalk sales, and vendors sell artwork, baking, and refreshments. Driving and parking during the sale itself is unnecessary and nearly impossible. Arrive on foot or park and walk into the neighbourhood. For parking, and for the best deals (especially on larger items like furniture), arrive early. The event is bustling by 8 AM but continues well into the afternoon. Vendors are encouraged to donate a portion of their proceeds to the Ottawa Food Bank.

Eat[edit]

Ethnic foods from around the world are available at a wide variety of restaurants and street vendors throughout the city. The Byward Market area has a wide selection of different cuisines; the Chinatown area is along Somerset West (#2 bus from downtown). between Bronson Ave. and Preston St; Little Italy runs along the length of Preston Street, from Carling Avenue to Albert Street (#2 to Somerset & Preston or #3 along Preston).

Ottawa's claim to culinary fame: a beavertail with sugar and cinnamon
  • 1 BeaverTails69 George Street +1 613 241-1230, e-mail: . Sunday-Wednesday 10:00-22:00, Thursday 10:00-23:00, Friday-Saturday 10:00-24:00. Also try the tasty BeaverTail, a fried-dough pastry associated with Ottawa, although a number of places claim to have created it. It's available in sweet and savory versions, topped with cinnamon, sugar, icing sugar, etc. In the winter, many places will offer it on the canal. During the summer, the only place downtown to offer it is in the Byward Market on George St. There are a variety of toppings and the taste of the beaver tail arguably stands out more with the classic sugar & cinnamon. However, the locals' favourite is the Killaloe Sunrise, a topping of cinnamon sugar and lemon juice.

Try a poutine from Smoke's Poutinerie, or a Shwarma from one of the many around the city.

Coffee shops are found throughout the city, and include dozens of two specialty chains Second Cup and Starbucks, in addition to the mainstream Tim Horton's (seemingly planted at every intersection). Bridgehead is a fair trade coffee house and can be found at a half dozen or so locations. Try their small double shot lattes, which are significantly better than their competitors'. There are several coffee houses in Little Italy, on Preston Street. One of the most popular, Pasticceria Gelateria Italiana (200 Preston Street, +1 613-594-5303), also houses an award-winning pastry shop.

Budget[edit]

Ottawa has a huge number of shawarma (kebab and fixings in pita bread) restaurants and most of them will serve up a great shawarma for around $5. Their busy times are typically weekdays at lunch-hour, and on weekends after the bars close. The Byward Market and Elgin St. have several restaurants to choose from. Shawarma Palace, on Rideau St and in several suburban locations, are another popular choice.

The usual range of diners, bagel shops and fast food restaurants can be found in shopping areas throughout the city. You will also find "chip wagons" or "chip trucks" parked in various locations around the city at lunch time. They serve hamburgers, hot dogs, sausage-in-a-bun, pogos (corn dogs - deep fried, breaded hot dogs on a stick), chips (French fries) and poutine (French fries covered with cheddar cheese curd and gravy - very popular in Quebec and eastern Ontario).

At lunch time, both Di Rienzo and La Bottega Nicastro will sell you a good $5 sandwich; opinion is split among locals as to which is better, but they're both very good. If you're in town for a few days, try them both.

  • 2 Ahora Mexican Cuisine307 Dalhousie Street (between York and Clarence),  +1 613-562-2081. 11:30am to 10:00pm. A good little Mexican canteen. It serves up mains, zippy margaritas, and drinks imported from Mexico.
  • 3 Bobby's Table255 Montreal Road +1 613 740-9333. Monday-Friday 06:00-15:00, Saturday-Sunday 07:00-15:00. Smoked meat sandwiches on rye bread and old-fashioned baked cheesecake are Bobby's specialties. The smoked meat is Montreal-style done well, and the cheesecake is worth going out of your way for (unless you have a coconut allergy). You can get a generous lunch for $20 and be served in either French or English.
  • 4 La Bottega Nicastro64 George Street (ByWard Market),  +1 613 789-7575. Monday-Wednesday 09:00-18:00, Thursday-Friday 09:00-20:00, Saturday 09:00-18:00, Sunday 10:00-17:00. A fantastic little Italian specialty market, Nicastro's is a contender for the city's best $5 sandwiches, featuring amazing bread (esp. the focaccia) usually baked on the premises. The sit-down lunch kitchen is also well worth a visit.
  • 5 The Buzz374 Bank Street (between Gilmour and James, seven blocks north of Highway 417),  +1 613 565-9595. Monday-Tuesday 16:00-22:00, Wednesday-Saturday 16:00-midnight, Sunday 10:00-15:00 and 16:00-21:00. A favourite for those looking for a meal in a little bar with great ambience and attractive people. Great mixed drinks.
  • 6 Di Rienzo111 Beech Street (at Champagne St.),  +1 613 729-4037fax: +1 613 321-8689. Monday to Friday 07:30-21:00, Saturday-Sunday 08:00-19:00. This little deli tucked away in Little Italy, a secret known to many locals, is famous for the best and freshest deli sandwiches in the city for $5 (taxes included). During the week the lineup can stretch outside the packed little store, but they are arguably the fastest sandwich makers anywhere so don't worry about a long wait. There is also another newer location run by the family at Meadowlands Drive and Fisher Avenue.
  • 7 Elgin Street Diner374 Elgin Street (just north of Gladstone),  +1 613 237-9700. Always open. A popular 24-hour diner. One of its specialties is the ESD (Elgin Street Diner) Poutine (though true Quebecers should probably abstain). Generally, poutine is French fries, served with cheese curds and gravy on top; they have several versions including the addition of caramelized onions and bacon, Montreal smoked meat, Philly steak, a four cheese blend or Chili. The substitution of mashed potatoes fried with onions and seasoning (called their home fries), or onion rings instead of regular French fries is also an option. Expect the adventure to set you back $6–8 depending on toppings. The diner's hamburgers/cheeseburgers are significantly better than typical fast food fare, and breakfast is served 24/7 365 days a year with no exception.
  • 8 Rangoon114 Gloucester Street (near O'Connor),  +1 613-680-8821, e-mail: . Monday to Thursday: 11:00am to 9:00pm; Friday: 11:00am to 10:00pm; Saturday: 4:00pm to 10:00pm; Sunday closed. A one-of-a-kind family-run Burmese restaurant with cheap lunch specials where you can get an appetizer, main course and a drink for about $10! Try the fish noodle soup (mohingha), chicken curry or eggplant curry. A real hidden gem.
  • 9 Shanghai Restaurant651 Somerset Street West (a few doors east of Bronson),  +1 613 233-4001. Monday-Tuesday closed, Wednesday-Friday 16:30-22:00, Saturday 16:30-02:00, Sunday 16:30-22:00. A local favourite since 1971, when it was the only Chinese place in the area that is now Chinatown; it is still run by the same family. It boasts drag-queen karaoke on Saturday nights, frequent vernissages for Ottawa's up-and-coming artists, and some of the best Asian cuisine in town.
  • Warehouse in the heart of Byward Market is popular among students. Great meals, i.e including a burger, fries and tap water, are served for just $5. Only drinks are a bit on the expensive side with around $6. Busy every day of the week, especially after 8 when it is mostly a bar.
  • For the best non-traditional Canadian eats, head down Somerset street (West) near Bronson to the heart of Chinatown. Here you have a choice of places for Vietnamese, Thai, Cantonese, etc. Vietamese soup-houses, Pho Bo Ga and Pho Bo Ga La, are well-rated. The Yangtze Restaurant and Chu Shing Restaurant (across the street from it) are large box Chinese restaurants popular with Ottawa's Chinese clientele. The Jadeland Restaurant is a small popular Chinese restaurant set in a converted house and has been well reviewed for its tasty dishes and low prices. Another good source for ethnic foods is the stretch on Rideau between King Edward and the bridge to Vanier. You can find Middle Eastern, African and Asian food here.
    • 10 Pho Bo Ga 2843 Somerset Street West (near Rochester),  +1 613 234-7089. 10:00–05:00.
    • 11 Pho Bo Ga L.A.784 Somerset Street West (between Lebreton and Booth),  +1 613 230-2931. 10:00-22:30.
    • 12 Yangtze700 Somerset Street West (just west of the Imperial Arch that spans Somerset),  +1 613 236-0555fax: +1 613 236-6825.
    • 13 Oriental Chu Shing Restaurant691 Somerset Street West (just west of the Imperial Arch that spans Somerset),  +1 613 233-8818.
    • 14 Jadeland625 Somerset Street West (near Percy Street, east of the core Chinatown),  +1 613 233-0204. Sunday-Thursday 11:00-23:00, Friday-Saturday 11:00-midnight.
  • For Indian, there is Rose's Cafe (in the Byward Market and one on Gladstone), but also try Curries (Gloucester and O'Connor, between Bank and Elgin near the business district). Or Moni Mahal (closed down in 2015) on Laurier Street (business district, near Parliament Hill) for a large buffet with tons of vegetarian and vegan options (well-labeled). For a somewhat higher-end buffet experience, yet authentic, try Host India on Montreal Rd. For Indian food from Kerala state, try Coconut Lagoon on St. Laurent Blvd. (in the same price range as Host India), ranked #1 on Food Network's "10 Popular Indian Restaurants in Canada".
    • 15 Rose's Café Also349 Dalhousie Street (ByWard Market),  +1 613 241-8535.
    • 16 India Curry House114 Gloucester Street (Gloucester and O'Connor, between Bank and Elgin near the business district),  +1 613 598-6970.
    • 17 Host India622 Montreal Road (two blocks west of the Montfort Hospital),  +1 613 746-4678.
    • 18 Coconut Lagoon853 St. Laurent Boulevard (just north of McArthur),  +1 613 742-4444, e-mail: .
  • 19 Zak's Diner14 Byward Market Square +1 613 241-2401, e-mail: . Always open. The best milk-shakes are found at Zak's, a 24-hour diner in the Byward Market. They're really good, made with ice-cream, and for the $5.50 they cost you get a large glass full plus the shaker with what didn't fit in the glass. Other dishes are quite good, with a "more calories for your money" attitude (as illustrated by the massive amount of milkshake served), which is nicely honest about fast food; however it may seem a bit expensive as some of the burgers are in excess of $12. Late on week-end nights (2 - 3AM), it's packed as people go for their after-bar poutine.

Mid-range[edit]

Major restaurant areas can be found on Elgin Street, on Bank Street in Centretown, on Bank Street in the Glebe, in Westboro and in the Byward Market, with entrees ranging from $12–$25. Similar restaurants can be found in major suburban shopping areas too.

  • 20 The Empire Grill47 Clarence Street +1 613-241-1343. Has a great patio in the summer and delicious food year-round. Expect to pay about $25+ for an entree. $30 main courses.
  • 21 The Highlander Pub115 Rideau Street (in the Byward Market). a solid restaurant with good pub fare, and traditional Scottish food, such as haggis. It is a good place also after a long day of sightseeing and you need a drink, with any spirit, wine or beer you can think of. It has a warm, friendly environment, with plenty of patio room. An average tab for a full meal for 2 should be about $40.
  • 22 Johnny Farina's216 Elgin Street +1 613-565-5155. Italian food
  • 23 Santé Restaurant45 Rideau St (at the corner of Rideau and Sussex, across from the Rideau Centre,). Santé is a cosmopolitan yet casual. It’s a delicate line to walk, but Santé Restaurant does it with panache - offering exotic Asian Fusion and Thai cuisine in a comfortably elegant setting.
  • 24 da Sergio338 Preston Street (just south of Highway 417),  +1 613 230-3652. Is an owner operated authentic Italian Bistro with attention to detail in its appetizers, pasta, sauces and secondi. Calamari are fresh and melt-in-your-mouth, and the carpaccio served simply with capers, olive oil and Parmesan curls. They have a large patio with shade making it a good spot for a sunny summer afternoon or evening.
  • 25 Vineyards. In the Byward Market. An excellent restaurant with the widest selection of world beers and wines in Ottawa.
  • The WORKS. Hard to argue that these are not the best burgers around. The selection is top notch and toppings are bountiful. Also served are delicious onion rings, milk shakes and cold beer, all in a funky industrial decor. Expect to pay $15-$20 for a burger with sides, and not to regret it. They're becoming an Ontario-wide chain, but Ottawa is where The WORKS started, and where they have their largest market penetration (seven locations as of January 2017). There are three locations where tourists in Ottawa might stumble across them; these are the ones listed below.
    • 26 The WORKS - The Glebe580 Bank Street (just south of Highway 417),  +1 613 235-0406. Sunday-Wednesday 11am-10pm, Thursday-Saturday 11am-11pm.
    • 27 The WORKS - Manor Park363 St Laurent Boulevard (corner of Hemlock),  +1 613 748-0406. 11am-10pm.
    • 28 The WORKS - Westboro Village326 Richmond Road (corner of Churchill),  +1 613 564-0406. Sunday-Wednesday 11am-10pm, Thursday-Saturday 11am-11pm.

Splurge[edit]

Ottawa has excellent options for fine dining if you feel like spending a bit extra. Budget C$150 for a three course dinner for two, including wine and gratuity.

  • 29 Beckta226 Nepean Street (downtown Ottawa). Excellent modern restaurant with a variety of tastes centred on locally available foods. Also features an extensive wine list.
  • 30 E18hteen18 York Street (in the Byward Market),  +1 613-244-1188. An upscale, modern restaurant and bar located in a renovated 19th century heritage building. It is THE place to see and be seen.
  • 31 Merlot100 Kent Street (At the Marriott Hotel). Merlot has received glowing reviews for its cuisine and is Ottawa's only revolving restaurant.
  • 32 Signatures +1 613-236-2499. At Le Cordon Bleu Culinary Institute (453 Laurier Ave. East), Tues-Sat: 5:30PM–10, is a French restaurant with a five-diamond rating from CAA/AAA that is considered among the very best in the city.
  • 33 The Wellington Gastropub1325 Wellington Street West (Westboro),  +1 613 729-1315. Weekdays 11:30-14:00 and 17:30-21:30, Fridays 11:30-14:00 and 17:30-22:00, Saturdays 17:30-22:00, Sundays closed. A small second-floor walk-up in Westboro, the Wellington Gastropub changes its menu daily and has over a dozen craft and microbrewery beers on tap. Three-course table d'hôte $35 at lunch or $53 at supper, plus alcohol and gratituty.

Vegetarian and vegan[edit]

  • 34 CafeMyHouse1729 Bank St. At offers vegan friendly cuisine and is located within 10 minutes of the airport and of the train station. The restaurant specializes in brunch and lunch options, and average around $15 a meal.
  • 35 Govinda's Restaurant212 Somerset St. E (just E of King Edward, off the University of Ottawa campus),  +1 613-565-6544. Mon–Fri 5:00pm–8:00pm, Sun yoga festival 5:00pm–8:00pm. offers a simple vegan buffet for $5–$7. The best cheap eats in town. Operated by ISCKON (Hare Krishna movement). $5-7 per person.
  • 36 The Green Door198 Main St (Still open during construction, May 2016; "local traffic only" includes customers of Main St),  +1-613-234-9597fax: +1-613-234-6771, e-mail: . Tue–Sun 11:00am–9:00pm, Mon closed. At offers a vegetarian and vegan buffet and is the oldest vegetarian restaurant in Ottawa. It offers private and communal tables.
  • 37 Perfection-Satisfaction-Promise167 Laurier Ave E. (Near University of Ottawa, Sandy Hill),  +1 613-234-7299. M-Tu 8AM-8PM, W 8AM-5PM, Th-F 8AM-8PM, Sa 4PM-9PM. Fully vegetarian with a great vegan selection. "Unquestionably some of the best vegetarian food in the city" - Ottawa Xpress, 2007. 6.50 - 12.00.
  • 38 Pure Kitchen Ottawa357 Richmond Road +1 (613) 680-5500. Hip restaurant serving vegetarian and vegan food. Wraps, burgers, rice bowls, salads. Bar offers juice, beer, wine. Reservations only for parties of 6 or more. Second location in Centretown at 340 Elgin Street.
  • 39 So Good Restaurant717 Somerset Street West (2 blocks West of Bronson),  +1 (613) 223-0138. Has a separate vegetarian menu (dishes are also vegan unless stated) and there are many choices. Try anything "Wu Se" (peanut sauce). $10.
  • 40 The Table1230 Wellington Street West +1 (613) 729-5973. Mon–Fri 11:00am–9:00pm, Sat–Sun 11:30am–9pm. In the Westboro neighbourhood, also offers a vegetarian buffet with many vegan options. Meals are priced by weight. by weight, $12 or so for a full plate..

Drink[edit]

The most popular bar areas are in the Byward Market, along Wellington Street in Westboro, along both Elgin Street and Bank Street between Somerset and Gladstone in the Centretown area, and further south on Bank. There are pubs and bars scattered throughout the city as well.

You can also take a small trip over the Ottawa river to Gatineau. Bars on Ottawa side close at 2AM, though the province of Québec has a last call of 3AM, an exception is made in Gatineau where bars also close at 2AM. Québec has a lower minimum age to purchase alcohol (18, vs. 19 in Ontario) and sells beer in corner stores. Note, however, that Ottawa police often set up checkpoints near the bridges to catch drunk drivers returning from Quebec after closing time.

Note that smoking is not permitted in Ontario or Quebec restaurants and bars, or on the patios of bars in Ottawa.

Bars and nightclubs[edit]

  • 1 Barrymores Music Hall (Barrymore's), 323 Bank Street (south of Somerset),  +1 613 695-8488. An old converted movie theatre, their 80's night is the place to be in Ottawa on Sundays. They also have a 90's night on Thursdays and live concerts on most other nights
  • Club 292292 Elgin St.
  • 2 Dominion Tavern33 York Street +1 613 241-7706. Monday-Saturday 11:00-02:00, Sunday 11:00-midnight. Simple beers and some pool: picture your friend's basement apartment, even serving 40's of beer.
  • E18hteen18 York St. See their listing in the "Eat" section.
  • Edge, A popular gay bar, especially with younger people, is located at Sparks St and Bank St. Best on Saturday nights. Through the summer months the Edge has a rooftop patio that is chic, but be prepared to climb up 7 stories!
  • Foundation York St. in the alley behind E18hteen. Restaurant during the week that is open for lunch and dinner. Excellent food and one of the only restaurants in Ottawa to serve fondue. On Friday and Saturday nights it transforms into an upperclass nightclub. Dress to impress, no logos or running shoes, and be prepared to spend a few bucks on drinks.
  • 3 The Lookout Bar41 York Street (ByWard Market),  +1 613 789-1624. Sunday-Monday 14:00-22:00, Tuesday-Saturday 14:00-02:00. They have a very popular "bois night" on Thursday that attracts lots of people. Friday and Saturday are mostly lesbian nights.
  • 4 Mercury Lounge56 Byward Market Square (between George and York Streets),  +1 613 789-5324. An awesome bar that changes its themes nightly ranging from African beats to hip-hop to house (depending on the night). Spread out over 3 (relatively small) floors, this bar offers different DJs and atmospheres throughout. Hump Night is one of the best gay nights in the city and occurs on Wednesday (4$ cover).
  • 5 Options Jazz Lounge at Brookstreet525 Legget Drive (in the Brookstreet Hotel),  +1 613 271-1800, toll-free: +1 888 826-2220, e-mail: . Sunday-Thursday 11:00-midnight, Friday-Saturday 11:00-01:00. Located off the main lobby of the Brookstreet Hotel. A relaxing and sophisticated lounge, sometimes good for celebrity sightings.
  • 6 The Standard Luxury Tavern360 Elgin St (three blocks north of the Canadian Museum of Nature),  +1 613 232-6274fax: +1 613 232-9265, e-mail: . Monday-Friday 16:00-02:00, Saturday-Sunday 10:00-02:00. A restaurant during the day, pumping club/lounge at night. The Standard is popular Thursday, Friday and Saturday nights with a different style of music each night. Friday is excellent old-school and modern hip-hop/R&B while Saturday is a little of everything. Excellent beer tap selection and daily drink specials.
  • 7 Zaphod Beeblebrox (Zaphod's), 27 York Street +1 613 562-1010. Tuesday-Wednesday closed, Thursday-Monday 20:00-02:00. Alternative rock/new age punk, hip-hop nights on Thursday. Short-listed in CBC Radio 3's "Searchlight: The Best Live Venue in Canada" competition. And yes, they do offer a drink they call a "Pan-Galactic Gargle Blaster"!

Pubs[edit]

Since the mid-1990s there has been an explosion in Irish-/British-style pubs across the city.

  • 8 The Black Thorn15 Clarence Street (at Tin House Court),  +1 613 241-0712. Closed for renovations, they expect to re-open in Spring 2017. Upscale, great food, huge patio with good views.
  • Centretown Pub (CPs) A gay pub located near the corner of Bank and Somerset.
  • 9 Chez Lucien137 Murray St (corner Dalhousie),  +1 613 241-3533. 11:00-02:00, daily except Christmas and Boxing Day. one of the few pleasant, non-faux-Irish pubs downtown (a favourite along with the Manx). Serves good pub fare (including excellent fries), can get busy especially after work. A good selection of microbrew beers.
  • Clocktower Brewhouse. A microbrewery with five locations throughout the city. Excellent beer at a good price with a very tasty and well priced menu.
    • 10 Clocktower Byward Market89 Clarence Street (between Dalhousie and Parent),  +1 613 241-8783, e-mail: . Monday-Friday 11:30 AM - midnight, Saturday 10:30 AM - midnight, Sunday 10:30 AM - 11:45 PM.
    • 11 Clocktower Elgin200 Elgin Street (near Lisgar, across from City Hall),  +1 613 724-4561, e-mail: . Monday-Friday 11:00 AM - midnight, Saturday-Sunday 10:00 AM - midnight.
    • 12 Clocktower Glebe575 Bank Street (the north end of The Glebe, just south of Highway 417),  +1 613 233-7849, e-mail: . Monday-Friday 11:30 AM - midnight, Saturday 10:30 AM - midnight, Sunday 10:30 AM - 11:45 PM. The original Clocktower Brewhouse, this is the location with the clock tower and the brew house.
    • 13 Clocktower New Edinburgh422 MacKay Street (corner of Beechwood),  +1 613 742-3169, e-mail: . Monday-Friday 11:30 AM - midnight, Saturday 10:30 AM - midnight, Sunday 10:30 AM - 11:45 PM.
    • 14 Clocktower Westboro418 Richmond Road (corner of Berkley),  +1 613 680-5983, e-mail: . Monday-Friday 11:30 AM - midnight, Saturday 10:30 AM - midnight, Sunday 10:30 AM - 11:45 PM.
  • 15 D'Arcy McGee's44 Sparks Street (at Elgin). Beautiful architecture with impressive food selection
  • 16 Irish Village Group (Heart & Crown, Peter Devine's), 67 Clarence Street (at Parent Ave.),  +1 613 562-0674. Monday-Friday 11:00-02:00, Saturday-Sunday 09:00-02:00. Ottawa's largest pub complex, including the eponymous Irish Village (loud, lots of live music) and The Heart and Crown. The fish and chips has a generous serving of fish.
  • 17 The Lieutenant's Pump361 Elgin Street (corner of Waverly),  +1 613 238-2949. Monday-Friday 11:30-02:00, Saturday-Sunday 08:30-02:00. British style pub with a good variety of food selections and inexpensive draught.
  • 18 The Manx370 Elgin street +1 613-231-2070. Great microbrews, wide Scotch selection, bohemian/hipster feel.
  • 19 Minglewoods14 Waller Street (The corner of Waller St and Rideau St). A great place to drink for cheap! Pitchers of domestic and premium beers are priced under $11 so if you're on a budget this is the place to go. It is close to the University of Ottawa so many students frequent Minglewoods between or after class. There is a good selection of pub fare, also for reasonable prices. On the weekend there is a packed dance floor on the second level.
  • 20 Patty Boland's Irish Pub & Eatery101 Clarence Street (between Parent and Dalhousie),  +1 613 789-7822. 11:00-2:00. Feels like an old tavern, but big. Friday and Saturday nights Patty's has live music so expect to pay cover, and mandatory coat check in the winter. During the musician breaks there is a dance floor with Top 40 music.
  • 21 Pub Italia434 1/2 Preston Street (near Dow's Lake and the Experimental Farm),  +1 613-232-2326. Monday - Thursday: 11:00am – 1:00am; Friday, Saturday: 11:00am - 1:00am; Sunday: 12:00 noon – midnight. An Irish/Italian pub with hundreds of bottled beers listed in its "Beer Bible", especially Belgian. Decent pizza and pastas, but other places in Little Italy have better - you're going here for the beer, not the food. Noted for its intimate faux Medieval/Gothic décor; a bit strange, but the patio is very nice.
  • 22 Quinns Ale House (Quinn's), 1070 Bank Street (Beside the Mayfair Theatre),  +1 613 523-2200. Daily 16:00-02:00. A small but cozy sports bar and pub located next to the Mayfair Theatre. Expect good pub fare, a nice ambiance and good selection of beers.

Sleep[edit]

Budget[edit]

  • 1 Barefoot Hostel455 Cumberland St +1 613-237-0335. A clean, modern hostel located downtown. Included for use is a mini-kitchen, back patio with lounge chairs, common room with a huge HDTV, computer (with internet), free WiFi, plush bed linens, lockers and three shared bathrooms. Rates start at $29/night/per person and you can book online. Make sure to check their website or Twitter page for current promotions.
  • 2 Ottawa Backpackers Inn203 York Street +1 613-241-3402, toll-free: +1-888-394-0334, e-mail: . Part of Backpackers Hostels Canada, includes kitchen, free wireless internet and free coffee/tea. In a converted house into hostel, in the market block. The staff and the atmosphere are very friendly. Allergy warning: they have a cat $25/night for regular dorm beds, more for semi-private and private rooms.
  • 3 Ottawa Jail Hostel75 Nicholas Street (across the street from the Rideau Centre),  +1 613-235-2595, toll-free: +1-866-299-1478fax: +1 613-235-9202. A member of Hostelling International, this hostel is in the old Ottawa Jail; the bedrooms are actually old jail cells. Most rooms have shared washrooms. It's close to the Byward Market and downtown. Tours available. Breakfast of coffee, tea, bagels, fruit included. $29/dorm for HI members, $34 for non. Single cells $38/40. Double rooms $93/$103.

Mid-range[edit]

  • 4 Albert at Bay Suite Hotel435 Albert Street (corner of Bay St.). The building is nicely located downtown within easy walking distance of the main attractions, shops and restaurants. The hotel itself is a converted apartment building where you'll find large one and two bedrooms suites. Rates range from $119/night to $229/night for the one and two bedroom suites respectively.
  • 5 Auberge King Edward Bed and Breakfast525 King Edward Avenue (downtown beside the University of Ottawa and a 5 minute walk from the Rideau Canal). Well-preserved Victorian architecture packed with character. Free parking and WiFi. $105–135 (plus taxes).
  • 6 Australis Guest House89 Goulburn Avenue +1 (613) 235-8461. Check-in: 1PM/flexible, check-out: 11AM. Run by an Australian expat, this 2-room B&B gets praise for fresh-cooked breakfast. Located about 1km east of Byward Market, 2km east of Parliament Hill. Free Wifi. Limited parking available, ask. $109-129.
  • 7 Avalon Bed and Breakfast539 Besserer St (Near Rideau and Charlotte),  +1 613-241-6403. Check-in: 1PM, check-out: 11AM. A well reviewed downtown Ottawa bed-and-breakfast. Turn of the century home with modern decor. A 15-minute walk to the Byward Market. Free parking and WiFi. $95-$145.
  • 8 Best Western Victoria Park Suites377 O'Connor Street (near Elgin Street, downtown near the Museum of Nature). $100.
  • 9 ByWard Blue Inn157 Clarence Street, toll-free: +1-800-620-8810. A B&B hotel in the picturesque Byward Market with refrigerators, microwaves, private balconies. $150-200, parking $8-15/day.
  • 10 Cartier Place Suite Hotel180 Cooper Street. Features unique pet friendly downtown suite lodging accommodations minutes from Parliament Hill. Discover unique studios, one or two bedrooms, and VIP suites with Jacuzzis, close to tourist attractions.
  • 11 Comfort Inn Ottawa West (Kanata), 222 Hearst Way (20 min from Downtown, Highway #417, Exit 138 Eagleson Road),  +1 613-592-2200fax: +1 613-591-9600, e-mail: . Check-in: 11:00, check-out: 15:00. Offers guests free breakfast, free parking, and free internet.
  • 12 Courtyard by Marriott Ottawa East200 Coventry Rd (off of Hwy 417),  +1 613-741-9862. Complimentary high speed internet access & complimentary parking. 395 guest rooms, each with wet bar. Indoor pool, whirlpool, 24 hour exercise room, 24 hour business centre and The Market is also open 24 hours. Bistro and meeting facilities on-site.
  • 13 Novotel Hotel33 Nicholas Street (located across the street from the east side of the Rideau Centre on Nicholas Street),  +1 (613) 230-3033, toll-free: +1-855-677-3033fax: +1 (613) 760-4765, e-mail: . Modern hotel with an emphasis on energy conservation. Modern restaurant and banquet facilities. This location has free internet kiosks in the main lobby open to the public. $188/night.
  • 14 Sheraton Ottawa Hotel150 Albert St (Downtown). Check-in: 3PM, check-out: 12PM. Sheraton Ottawa Hotel is located in the heart of downtown - steps from Parliament Hill, the National Gallery, and other major attractions. Each room features the signature Sheraton Sweet Sleeper bed, and the Link@Sheraton lobby connectivity hub offers complimentary internet and PC workstation use. $109 and up.
  • 15 Shirley Samantha's Bed & Breakfast28 Carlotta Avenue (From Hwy. 417 take Exit 117 Vanier Parkway; north on Vanier Parkway to McArthur Avenue, left on McArthur to Marguerite Avenue, left on Marguerite. Then right on Carlotta Avenue.),  +1 613-745-2105. Check-in: as arranged, check-out: 11AM. On a quiet residential street, within walking distance from downtown and half a block from the Rideau River cycling/walking path. Two queen-bedded rooms, one with ensuite, the other with private bath. Centrally air conditioned, complimentary parking, snacks and WiFi. Delicious breakfasts featuring home baking. $70-$120 per night.
  • 16 Swiss Hotel89 Daly Avenue (Located Downtown Ottawa, at the corner of Daly and Cumberland.),  +1 613-237-0335, toll-free: +1-888-663-0000. A charming, cozy, 22-room hotel located in the heart of Ottawa. The Inn was built in 1872 from limestone in a 19th Century Vernacular Classical Revival. Swiss Hotel offers traditional Swiss hospitality with modern comfort. Free Wi-Fi throughout the hotel, rooms are equipped with iPads. Optional healthy buffet breakfast is offered daily with Bircher-Muesli and fresh ground Swiss espresso. $117-228/night depending on room quality and timing.
  • 17 University of Ottawa90 University Private. From May to August, university housing is offered as hotel-like guest rooms in one of its newer housing complexes. Rideau double room $130; 90U suite with bath $120; dorm with shared bath, $40.

Splurge[edit]

Chateau Laurier (left) and Parliament Hill overlooking the Ottawa River
  • 18 ArcSlater Street (near Parliament Hill). A trendy boutique hotel with prices to match its style.
  • 19 The Brookstreet. In Kanata is a newer luxury hotel and resort popular with technology companies and visiting sports teams. Facilities include a full-service spa with 11 treatment rooms, a championship golf course (The Marshes), a European PGA-approved short course (Marchwood), a four-diamond restaurant (Perspectives) and a fitness studio with whirlpools, steam rooms and indoor and outdoor pools.
  • 20 The Delta Ottawa Hotel361 Queen Street. Located downtown, a few blocks west of Parliament Hill, near the Supreme Court of Canada. The outside decor is not much to look at but the one and two bedroom rooms are spacious and have kitchenettes, comfortable for a longer stay. Rates for standard hotel rooms start at $159/night.
  • 21 Fairmont Chateau Laurier (near Parliament Hill). The city's grand old hotel: its oldest and most famous luxury hotel as well as one of its landmarks. Rooms facing west overlook the Rideau Canal locks and have stellar views of the Parliament buildings.

    This hotel once housed the offices of CBC Radio in Ottawa and the studio of well-known portrait photographer Yousuf Karsh. Several framed Karsh photographs are hung in the hotel lounge. His (and his wife's) home suite is now available for guests and displays a small sampling of framed prints on the walls.

  • 22 Lord Elgin. Is centrally located on Elgin Street across from the National Arts Centre, a stone's throw from Parliament Hill, and is one of Ottawa's two classic hotels (the other being the Chateau Laurier). It has recently been upgraded. While it has "splurge" rates, most rooms are reasonably priced. Good value, and a Starbucks off the lobby.
  • 23 The Ottawa Marriott Hotel100 Kent St (near Parliament Hill),  +1 613-238-1122, toll-free: +1-800-853-8463. The Ottawa Marriott Hotel is in downtown Ottawa one block from the Parliament Buildings and steps away from museums and shopping. This Ottawa hotel includes a revolving restaurant, Kids’ Zone as well as an indoor pool, sauna and fitness centre. $154+.
  • 24 The Westin Ottawa11 Colonel By Dr (near Parliament Hill), toll-free: +1-866-716-8101, e-mail: . Check-in: 3pm, check-out: 12pm. This newly renovated hotel is also connected to the Rideau Centre and the Ottawa Convention Centre by a walkway. It is steps from Parliament Hill and the Byward market and each of the 496 rooms features the ten-layer Heavenly Bed. Rates start at $159 / night.

Connect[edit]

The area codes for Ottawa are 613 and the overlay code 343. Hull (819, overlaid with 873) has the full Ottawa local calling area. Ten-digit dialling (area code+local number) is required for all local calls.

Most coffee shops and hotels have free wi-fi Internet access, although the speeds may be slower than you're accustomed to. There are a number of internet cafes throughout the city.

Stay safe[edit]

Ottawa is a very safe place to live and visit, so if you use common sense it is at least as safe as any other city. There are many tourists in the city, especially in summer months, and there are very few incidents of robbery or assault.

That said, buses and transit stations have had issues in recent years with violence and swarmings/robberies, even during daytime hours. OC Transpo has hired new constables and placed plainclothes security and cameras on select buses and trains to counter the problem. Use common sense, especially when riding at night, every transit station has multiple emergency call boxes. After dark, take extra care in areas near downtown such as Lowertown, and also Hintonburg, Vanier, Bayshore, Ledbury, Heatherington, Caldwell and South Keys. These neighbourhoods are known to have gang presence and drug problems. The section of Rideau Street between Sussex Drive and King Edward Avenue is infamous for homeless people and panhandlers (they'll thank you and wish you a good day, even when you don't give), though this rarely causes problems for anyone. Ottawa is generally very safe, but like any other city it has bad apples.

Ottawa is the fourth coldest capital city by annual average temperature, but it has the second coldest January, only topped by Ulan Bator, Mongolia. Add to that nearly 3m (10') of snow per average winter and throw in an ice storm from time to time, winter can be a challenge but locals do a great job of handling it particularly with recreation. Summers are (normally) short, hot and humid. Humidity in the summer can make the heat feel quite aggressive, while in the winter, humidity, coupled with wind chills, can make the cold feel very brutal. Dress for the weather and don't forget to cover your head and ears with a warm hat. Ottawa is not a very fashion minded city, but in winter, everyone throws in the towel.

See also: Cold weather

Cope[edit]

Embassies and High Commissions[edit]

Go next[edit]

Just across the river from Ottawa is the city of Gatineau, which has the stunning Canadian Museum of History and some mighty good restaurants too. It is the centre of the Outaouais region which includes the lovely village of Wakefield, and Gatineau Park with its high cliffs and deep, clear lakes. A little further west is the Pontiac where you will find small rural towns and rafting expeditions. There is a bus service from Ottawa and Gatineau to the Pontiac. You can cycle from Quyon to Pembroke on 72 kms of railway bed turned into a bike trail. Stop by the Shawville Fair in late August/early September.

To the south and east of Ottawa is a large flat rural area consisting mostly of small commuter towns, agricultural villages, and the occasional woodland. This lowland stretches all the way to Montreal and the United States border, hundreds of km away. The Rideau Canal runs through it. Among the many scenic towns are Merrickville, which has a good claim to the name "Canada's prettiest village," and Perth with its mills and heritage buildings.

Going west beyond Kanata, the village of Carp (about 40 minutes away, in West Carleton) houses the surreal Cold War "Central Emergency Government Headquarters" (the Diefenbunker), now a museum. Beyond that is the Ottawa Valley region, towns and farms, then the Madawaska Highlands wilderness area starting about 90 km from Ottawa. In that area is Calabogie, a ski resort in winter and lake resort in summer. A little further on is another wilderness recreation area, Algonquin Provincial Park.

Beyond the Ottawa region lie other Canadian cities, such as:

  • Montreal, the largest city in Quebec, is 200 km east. The largest French-speaking city outside of Europe.
  • Toronto, Canada's largest city, is about 500 km to the southwest.
  • Kingston, about 200 km to the southwest, on the way to Toronto. A university town with historic limestone buildings.
Routes through Ottawa
KingstonSmiths Falls  W VIA Rail Toronto Ottawa icon.png E  END
North BayArnprior  W Ontario 417.svgTCH-blank.svg E  LimogesMontreal
PeterboroughCarleton Place  W Ontario 7.svgTCH-blank.svg E  END
END  N Ontario 416.svg S  KemptvillePrescott



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