Baja California Sur (South Lower California) is the southern half of the Baja California peninsula.
- 1 La Paz — state capital and the city made famous by John Steinbeck's novella, The Pearl, a story about paradise lost, the city still holds some glimpses of the old magic
- 2 Cabo San Lucas — a bustling resort town and hub for sport fishermen, cruise ships, handicraft vendors, water sport aficionados and nightlife seekers
- 3 Guerrero Negro — best known for the whale watching, and producing salt
- 4 Loreto — a resort town regarded as one of the best places for fishing
- 5 Los Barriles — a traditional Baja village that hasn't been overtaken by resorts (yet)
- 6 Mulegé — popular for deep sea fishing, kayaking, cave tours, and bird watching
- 7 San Ignacio — has a beautiful old mission, and is the gateway to the wintertime sanctuary of the Pacific gray whale
- 8 San José del Cabo — a major tourist destination that is less commercial than Cabo San Lucas, and has retained its charming historic center
- 9 Santa Rosalía — more of a mining town than a tourist destination, it has a church designed by Gustav Eiffel
- 10 Todos Santos — famous for Hotel California, it is small and quaint with many artists and galleries; south of Todos Santos is one of Baja's better surfing destinations, Cerritos Beach
- 1 San Javier — a charming little village in the mountains behind Loreto. Most Baja visitors stick to the coast and miss a lot of the charming, very rustic little villages located in the interior backcountry. There's an impressive church, a few places to eat and drink, and a basic hotel. You can drive to San Javier, but the best way to go is to hire a horse or mule for the journey from Loreto.
- 2 Cabo Pulmo National Park — home to the oldest of only three coral reefs on the west coast of North America
- Baja California Sur has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites; the 3 Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco and the 4 Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaíno.
Baja California is one of the regions with the lowest rainfall in the world, so prehistoric settlement is concentrated in the vicinity of water holes along the coast. Even today, Baja California is sparsely populated, around ten people per square kilometer. Settlement is concentrated in the cities on the coast, of which Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo are among the fastest growing resorts in Mexico.
The west side, facing the Pacific with its cool temperatures, is impressively more pleasant than the east side facing the Gulf of California. Here the water temperature is up to 26 °C and it gets very hot during the day. The east side should therefore not be visited until November.
Some of the main attractions in this state are the beaches, whale sightings, observations of dolphins, sea lions and other marine species.
The rock paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco are cave paintings and petroglyphs that form a set of pre-Columbian murals representative of the "Great Mural" style that flourished in the center of the Baja California peninsula. The cave paintings have been a World Heritage Site since 1993. The paintings are found in different parts of the Sierra de San Francisco, within the El Vizcaíno Biosphere Reserve.
Whale watching is a popular activity. The waters off Baja California are home to several species of great whales including Blue, Fin, Bryde's, Humpback, Orca, Sperm, and many others. This is perhaps the richest area in the world for whale and dolphin diversity.
Diving and snorkeling is excellent because of the fantastic diversity of marine life. The convergence of tropical influences from the south and temperate conditions from the north bring together an amazing array of species. Local dive shops and charters are available.
Kayaking tours of the wilderness islands in the Loreto Marine National Park provide access to prime whale watching and snorkeling.
There are opportunities for surfing on many of the beaches on the Pacific coast, with the appropriate infrastructure such as surf schools and equipment rental.
This region has long been regarded as one of the best places for fishing. Marlin, sailfish, tuna, yellowtail, wahoo, roosterfish, and dorado are abundant in the blue waters surrounding the peninsula.
The Cabo San Lucas Flora and Fauna Protection Area is a protected area that is part of the UNESCO Natural Heritage that belongs to the group of islands and protected natural areas of the Gulf of California. The Arch of Cabo San Lucas and Cerro El Vigía are in this protected area.
Bahía de Loreto National Park is a protected natural area that is located in the Bay of Loreto to the south of the city of Loreto where you can see dolphins, sea lions and manta rays.
Cabo Pulmo National Park is a great place for diving, sport fishing, boating, rowing and kayaking. It is 63 km west of San José del Cabo.
El Vizcaíno Biosphere Reserve and the lagoons of Ojo de Liebre and San Ignacio on the Pacific coast in the north of the state are a retreat for whales. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1993.
Although generally safe, it is probably wise to camp with others or in organized campgrounds.