Bardhaman is a city in West Bengal in India. It is the largest agricultural centre in the state, located in what has been traditionally called the "granary of Bengal". It is a major transport centre with rail and road connections all around.
Bardhaman, headquarters of East Bardhaman district, is the fifth largest city in West Bengal and growing fast. Since independence, it has emerged as a higher education hub. Bardhaman gets its name from Vardhamana Mahavira, the last Jain tirthankara in 6th century BC, who is said to have traversed this region.
Located in the fertile plains of Bengal, it has been the target of many an invader and witnessed many battles, the most touching being the battle between Sher Afgan and Qutubuddin Aibak in 1610, to determine the fate of Meherunissa, wife of Sher Afgan, who emerged as Noor Jehan. Both Sher Afgan and Qutubuddin Aibak lay buried in Bardhaman.
The Badhaman Raj family has played a more dynamic role in shaping the destiny of Bardhaman. Curzon Gate is an important landmark in Bardhaman and the Rajbati now houses Burdwan University.
The Grand Trunk Road runs across the city, NH 2 bypasses the city. South Bengal State Transport Corporation and private operators operate buses from Esplanade and Karunamoyee in Saltlake. It takes around 2-2½ hours. Bardhaman is well connected by bus with numerous places all around. All buses arrive and leave from Uttara (Nababhat) Bus Stand and Alisha Bus Stand.
- 1 Tinkonia Bus Stand. On GT Road, in the heart of the city.
- 2 Uttara Bus Terminal. On NH 2, in the northern outskirts of the city, in the Nababhat neighbourhood.
- 3 Krishak Setu across Damodar River.
The main Howrah-Delhi rail track passes through Bardhaman. One can take a local train from Howrah to reach in 2 hr. One can also travel along the Sahibganj Loop, which branches off, one station after Bardhaman. The narrow gauge line to Katwa is being upgraded (as of 2013) to broad gauge.
- 4 Barddhaman Junction railway station.
Cycle rickshaws and e-rickshaws (toto) are available for travel within the city.
- 1 Curzon Gate (crossing of Bijoy Chand Road and Grand Trunk Roa). The ceremonial gateway built to commemorate the visit of Lord Curzon, the viceroy of India, in Bardhaman in 1903 and was thus named Curzon Gate. It was constructed by Bijay Chand Mahtab, the king of Bardhaman Estate. The arched gateway is supported by eight columns and has two side arches. The side arches are topped with sitting lions and the central arches is crowned with three female figurines, with swords, boats, and sheaves of corn in their hands. On either side of the female figurines are atop the eight columns are eight urs. After independence in 1947 the gateway came to be known as Bijoy Toron (;literally meaninf victory gate) and the new name is inscribed in Bengali atop the arch. The old name is still used by locals, who prefer to call it Karjon Gate.
- 2 Bardhamaneswar. A huge Shivlinga in Alamganj.
- 3 The University of Burdwan, Main campus at Golapbagh.
- 4 Krishnasayer Park.
- 5 Mazhar of Pir Baharam. The Mazhar of Pir Baharam, which houses the tomb of a Persian Sufi saint, also houses the tombs of Sher Afgan and Qutubuddin Aibak who were killed in a battle at Bardhaman in 1610. Meherunissa, the wife of the Jagirdar of Bardhaman, Sher Afgan, was sent to Agra after the battle, and later emerged as Noor Jahan.
- 6 108 Shib Mandir, Nababhat. The complex consists of 108 Shiva temples arranged in a rectangular formation around two ponds. The temples follow the aat chala style of architecture, the four corner temples are octagonal. The Shiva Lingas in all the temples is made of black stone. The temple complex was constructed in 1788 by Maharani Bishnu Kumari Devi wife of Tilak Chandra Bahadur of Bardhaman royal family. The temples were repaired in 1965 by Birla Jana Kalyan Trust. The unscientific repair leads to the temples losing their antiquity along with their grace and beauty. Presently the temple complex is under the 108 Shiv Mandir Trust Board. The complex also houses two statues of Nandi Bull. one white and another black. There is also a waiting shed for pilgrims and devotees. There is also a set of 108 bells near the entrance.
- 7 Ramna Bagan. Mini Zoo
- 8 Sarbamangala Temple. Temple dedicated to Ma Sarbamangala. The temple has beautiful terracotta works.
- 9 Bardhaman Rajbari.
- 10 Christ Church (Located north of Curzon Gate). The church dates back to 1816 and is the oldest Christian church of the undivided Bardhaman district. It is a small church with a brick-red facade.
- 11 Town Hall.
- Bardhaman town is famous for two sweetmeat items: mihidana and sitabhog. There are plenty of shops selling these items on Grand Trunk Road and elsewhere.
- 1 Hotel Kalyani, Anita Cinema Lane, ☏ , .
- 2 Hotel Kandari (near Tinkonia Bus Stand), ☏ , .
- 3 Hotel Mainak, GT Road, Patal Bazar, ☏ .
- 4 Hotel Samrat, GT Road, Palika Bazar (opposite railway station), ☏ , .
- Natraj Hotel (near Tinkonia Bus Stand), ☏ .
- 5 Hotel Barddhaman Inn, Nawabhat More, Bardhaman (3 km from Barddhaman Rail Station), ☏ . Hotel Barddhaman Inn is near 108 Shiva Temple in Bardhaman. ₹400 - 1300.
- 6 City Tower Hotel, 23 GT Road (5 km from railway station), ☏ .
- 7 Hotel Manohar Inn, BC Road (inside a small lane), ☏ , . ₹2,000-5,500.