Bardhaman, headquarters of Bardhaman district, is the fifth largest city in West Bengal and growing fast. It is the largest agricultural centre in the state, located in what has been traditionally called the "granary of Bengal". It is a major transport centre with rail and road connections all around. Since independence, it has emerged as a higher education hub. Bardhaman gets its name from Vardhamana Mahavira, the last Jain tirthankara in 6th century BC, who is said to have traversed this region. Located in the fertile plains of Bengal, it has been the target of many an invader and witnessed many battles, the most touching being the battle between Sher Afgan and Qutubuddin Aibak in 1610, to determine the fate of Meherunissa, wife of Sher Afgan, who emerged as Noor Jehan. Both Sher Afgan and Qutubuddin Aibak lie buried in Bardhaman. In more recent history the Badhaman Raj family has played a more dynamic role in shaping the destiny of Bardhaman. Curzon Gate is an important landmark in Bardhaman and the Rajbati now houses Burdwan University.
The Grand Trunk Road runs across the city, NH 2 bypasses the city. South Bengal State Transport Corporation and private operators operate buses from Esplanade and Karunamoyee in Saltlake. It takes around 2-2½ hours. Bardhaman is well connected by bus with numerous places all around. All buses arrive and leave from Uttara (Nababhat) Bus Stand and Alisha Bus Stand.
The main Howrah-Delhi rail track passes through Bardhaman. One can take a local train from Howrah to reach in 2 hrs. One can also travel along the Sahibganj Loop, which branches off, one station after Bardhaman. The narrow gauge line to Katwa is being upgraded (as of 2013) to broad gauge.
Cycle rickshaws are available for travel within the city.
- 1 Bardhaman District Court.
- 2 Bardhaman Railway Station.
- 3 Bardhaman Rajbari. Now houses the Burdwan University administrative office
- 4 Curzon Gate.
- 5 Krishak Setu across Damodar River.
- 6 Tinkonia Bus Stand. On GT Road, in the heart of the city
- 7 Uttara Bus Terminal. On NH 2, in the northern outskirts of the city, in the Nababhat neighbourhood
- Bardhamaneswar. A huge Shivlinga in Alamganj
- 1 Burdwan University, Main campus at Golapbagh.
- 2 Krishnasayer Park.
- 3 Mazhar of Pir Baharam. The Mazhar of Pir Baharam, which houses the tomb of a Persian Sufi saint, also houses the tombs of Sher Afgan and Qutubuddin Aibak who were killed in a battle at Bardhaman in 1610. Meherunissa, the wife of the Subedar of Bardhaman, Sher Afgan, was sent to Delhi after the battle, and later emerged as Noor Jahan.
- 4 Meghnad Saha Planetarium.
- 5 108 Shib Mandir. 4 kms from the town. Comprises of 108 temples dedicated to Lord Shiva.
- 6 Ramna Bagan. Mini Zoo
- 7 Sarbamangala Temple. Temple dedicated to Ma Sarbamangala. The temple has beautiful teracota works.
- 8 Science Centre.
- Bardhaman town is famous for two sweetmeat items: mihidana and sitabhog. There are plenty of shops selling these items on Grand Trunk Road and elsewhere.
- 1 City Tower Hotel, 23 GT Road (5km from railway station), ☎ .
- 3 Hotel Kalyani, Anita Cinema Lane, ☎ . ,
- Hotel Kandari (near Tinkonia Bus Stand), ☎ . ,
- 4 Hotel Mainak, GT Road, Patal Bazar, ☎ .
- Hotel Samrat, GT Road, Palika Bazar (opposite railway station), ☎ . ,
- Natraj Hotel (near Tinkonia Bus Stand), ☎ .
- 5 Hotel Barddhaman Inn, Nawabhat More, Bardhaman (3 KM from Barddhaman Rail Station), ☎ . Hotel Barddhaman Inn is near 108 Shiva Temple in Bardhaman. ₹400 - ₹1300.
- 6 Aranya Sundari Valki Machan, Valki Machan Tourist Spot, Vill & PO Valki, Distt. Bardhaman (off Paraj village / Paraj railway station), ☎ . , It was a hunting spot (with 'machan') of the Maharajas of Bardhaman.
- Garh Panchakot/Panchet Dam