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Grand Trunk Road

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Road near Ambala, 19th century

The Grand Trunk Road (or GT Road) is one of Asia's great historical roads and a major route connecting much of the Indian subcontinent; it runs through parts of Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Rudyard Kipling describes it in his novel Kim:

And truly the Grand Trunk Road is a wonderful spectacle. It runs straight, bearing without crowding India's traffic for fifteen hundred miles—such a river of life as nowhere else exists in the world. They looked at the green-arched, shade-flecked length of it, the white breadth speckled with slow-pacing folk...

History[edit]

Passing through Howrah

There was trade along parts of the route far earlier, but the road became clearly established during the Maurya Empire, 322 – 185 BCE, when it was known as uttarapatha (road to the north) and ran from the mouth of the Ganges (near what later became known as Calcutta and is now called Kolkata), through the Empire's capital in what is now Patna, then via the then-great trading city Taxila and through Afghanistan, all the way to the Central Asian region of Bactria.

Later Indian rulers, especially the Mughals, did quite a lot of work on upgrading the Calcutta-Kabul part of the road and extended it east into what is now Bangladesh. However, the Kabul-Bactria section was not considered part of their Grand Trunk Road since Afghanistan was outside their influence.

The British also improved the road when they ruled India and, after the British left, the various nations along the route have done so as well.

Route[edit]

Some of the main places on the route today, listed east-to-west, are:

In Bangladesh[edit]

In India[edit]

Section near Taxila
preserved as the Mughals built it
Kabul Gorge,
between Kabul and Jalalabad

In Pakistan[edit]

In Afghanistan[edit]

UNESCO attractions along the route[edit]

In Bangladesh[edit]

  • Sundarbans, a national park along the Bangladesh-India border with extensive mangrove forest and some tigers
  • Mosque City of Bagerhat, home to several notable Turkic-Bengali mosques, including the Sixty Dome Mosque

In India[edit]

  • Sundarbans National Park, the Indian park; the two parks together make up the world heritage site
  • Bodhgaya, where the Buddha reached enlightenment, is not far off the GT road
  • Delhi has several world heritage sites

In Pakistan[edit]

  • Lahore — Fort and Shalamar Gardens, Wazir Khan Mosque, Badshahi Mosque, Tombs of Jahangir, Asif Khan and Akbari Sarai
  • Hiran Minar and Tank near Sheikhupura
  • Rohtas Fort near Jhelum
  • Taxila
  • Shahbazgarhi near Mardan
This itinerary to Grand Trunk Road is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. It was last edited on 2016-08-4 and will be deleted if not modified for one year. Please plunge forward and help it grow!