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Berber phrasebook

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General information[edit]

Berber languages or Amazigh languages are spoken in Northern Africa, mainly in Morocco and Algeria. These are not one language, but rather several closely related ones. Berber languages use their own alphabet, but can also be written in Arabic or Latin script like the other two languages spoken in this region (Arabic and French).

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Vowels:[edit]

ⴰ (a) 
like ⴰⵏⵣⴰⵔ (Anzar)
ⴻ (e) 
like
ⵉ (i) 
like ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⴳⵏ (Imaziɣen)
ⵓ (u) 
like ⵍⵎⵓⴷⵏ (Lmoden)

Consonants:[edit]

ⴱ (b) 
like
ⴳ (g) 
like
ⴳⵯ (gʷ) 
like
ⴷ (d) 
like
ⴹ (ḍ)
like
ⴼ (f)
like
ⴽ (k)
like
ⴽⵯ (kʷ) 
like
ⵀ (h)
like
ⵃ (ḥ)
like
ⵄ (ɛ)
like
ⵅ (x)
like
ⵇ (q)
like
ⵊ (j)
like
ⵍ (l)
like
ⵎ (m)
like
ⵏ (n)
like
ⵔ (r)
like
ⵕ (ṛ)
like
ⵖ (ɣ)
like
ⵙ (s)
like
ⵚ (ṣ)
like
ⵛ (c)
like
ⵜ (t)
like ⵜⴰⴳⴰⴷⵉⵔⵜ (Taɣadirt)
ⵟ (ṭ)
like
ⵡ (w)
like
ⵢ (y)
like
ⵣ (z)
like ⴰⵣⴰⵢⵣ (Azayz)
ⵥ (ẓ)
like

Phrase list[edit]

Basics:[edit]

Good Morning
ⵜⵉⴼⴰⵡⵉⵏ (Tifawin)
Hello. (informal
ⴰⵣⵓⵍ (Azul)
How are you? 
ⴰⵎⴽ ⵜⵍⵍⵉⴹ? (Amek telliḍ?)
Fine, thank you. 
ⵉⴳⵔⵔⵣ, ⵜⴰⵏⵎⵎⵉⵔⵜ (Igerrez, tanemmirt)
What is your name?  
ⵉⵙⵎ-ⵏⵏⴽ? (m), ⵉⵙⵎ-ⵏⵏⵎ? (f) (Isem-nnek? (m), Isem-nnem? (f))
My name is ______ .
ⵉⵙⵎ-ⵉⵏⵓ ______ . (Isem-inu ______ .)
Nice to meet you. 
ⵜⴰⵎⵓⵙⵙⵏⵉ ⵏ ⵍⵅⵉⵔ. (Tamussni n lxir)
Please. 
ⵜⵜⵅⵉⵍⴽ (m), ⵜⵜⵅⵉⵍⵎ (f) (Ttxil-k (m), Ttxil-m (f))
Thank you.  
ⵜⴰⵏⵎⵎⵉⵔⵜ. (Tanemmirt)
You're welcome. 
ⵓⵍⴰⵛ ⴰⵖⵉⵍⵉⴼ (Ulac aɣilif)
Yes. 
ⵉⵀ (Ih)
No. 
ⵓⵀⵓ (Uhu)
Excuse me. (getting attention)  
ⵙⵙⵓⵔⴼ-ⵉⵢⵉ (Ssuref-iyi)
Goodbye 
ⴰⵔ ⵜⵓⴼⴰⵜ (Ar tufat)
Goodbye (informal
ⴰⵔ ⵜⵉⵎⵍⵉⵍⵉⵜ (Ar timlilit)
I can't speak tamazight [well]. 
ⵓⵔ ⵙⵙⴰⵡⴰⵍⵖ ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ (Ur ssawaleɣ tamaziɣt)
Do you speak English? 
ⵜⵙⵙⴰⵡⴰⵍⴹ ⵜⴰⵏⴳⵍⵉⵣⵉⵜ? (Tessawaleḍ tanglizit?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
ⵢⵍⵍⴰ ⵡⵉⵏ ⴰⵢ ⵢⵙⵙⴰⵡⴰⵍⵏ ⵜⴰⵏⴳⵍⵉⵣⵉⵜ ⴷⴰ? (Yella win ay yessawalen talglizit da?)
Help! 
ⴰⴱⴱⵓⵀ! (Abbuh!)
Look out! 
ⵖⵓⵔⴽ! (Ɣur-k!)
Good morning. 
ⵜⵉⴼⴰⵡⵉⵏ (Tifawin)
Good evening. 
ⵜⵉⵎⵏⵙⵉⵡⵉⵏ (Timensiwin)
Good night.

ⵉⴹ ⴰⵎⴳⴳⴰⵣ (Iḍ ameggaz)

I don't understand. 
ⵓⵔ ⴳⵣⵉⵖ (Ur gziɣ)
Where is the toilet? 
ⴰⵏⴷⴰⵜ ⵡⴱⴷⵓⵣ? (Anda-t webduz?)

Problems:[edit]

Leave me alone. 
(...)
Don't touch me! 
(...)
I'll call the police. 
(...)
Police! 
(...)
Stop! Thief! 
(...)
I need your help. 
(...)
It's an emergency. 
(...)
I'm lost. 
(...)
I lost my bag. 
(...)
I lost my wallet. 
(...)
I'm sick. 
(...)
I've been injured. 
(...)
I need a doctor. 
(...)
Can I use your phone? 
(...):

Numbers:[edit]

ⴰⵎⵢⴰ (Amya)
ⵢⴰⵏ (Yan)
ⵙⵉⵏ (Sin)
ⴽⵕⴰⴹ (Kṛaḍ)
ⴽⴽⵓⵥ (Kkuẓ)
ⵙⵎⵎⵓⵙ (Semmus)
ⵙⴹⵉⵚ (Sḍiṣ)
ⵙⴰ (Sa)
ⵜⴰⵎ (Tam)
ⵜⵥⴰ (Tẓa)
10 
ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Mraw)
11 
ⵢⴰⵏ ⴷ ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Yan d mraw)
12 
ⵙⵉⵏ ⴷ ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Sin d mraw)
13 
ⴽⵕⴰⴹ ⴷ ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Kṛaḍ d mraw)
14 
ⴽⴽⵓⵥ ⴷ ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Kkuẓ d mraw)
15 
ⵙⵎⵎⵓⵙ ⴷ ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Semmus d mraw)
16 
ⵙⴹⵉⵚ ⴷ ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Sḍiṣ d mraw)
17 
ⵙⴰ ⴷ ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Sa d mraw)
18 
ⵜⴰⵎ ⴷ ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Tam d mraw)
19 
ⵜⵥⴰ ⴷ ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Tẓa d mraw)
20 
ⴰⴳⵏⴰⵔ (Agnar)
21 
ⴰⴳⵏⴰⵔ ⴷ ⵢⴰⵏ (Agnar d yan)
22 
ⴰⴳⵏⴰⵔ ⴷ ⵙⵉⵏ (Agnar d sin)
23 
ⴰⴳⵏⴰⵔ ⴷ ⴽⵕⴰⴹ (Agnar d kṛaḍ)
30 
ⴰⴳⵏⴰⵔ ⴷ ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Agnar d mraw)
40 
ⵙⵉⵏ ⵡⴰⴳⵔⴰⵡⵏ (Sin wagrawen)
50 
ⵙⵉⵏ ⵡⴰⴳⵔⴰⵡⵏ ⴷ ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Sin wagrawen d mraw)
60 
ⴽⵕⴰⴹ ⵡⴰⴳⵔⴰⵡⵏ (Kṛaḍ wagrawen)
70 
ⴽⵕⴰⴹ ⵡⴰⴳⵔⴰⵡⵏ ⴷ ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Kṛaḍ wagrawen d mraw)
80 
ⴽⴽⵓⵥ ⵡⴰⴳⵔⴰⵡⵏ (Kkuẓ wagrawen)
90 
ⴽⴽⵓⵥ ⵡⴰⴳⵔⴰⵡⵏ ⴷ ⵎⵔⴰⵡ (Kkuẓ wagrawen d mraw)
100 
ⵜⵉⵎⵉⴹⵉ (Timiḍi)
200 
( )
300 
( )
1000 
( )
2000 
( )
1,000,000 
( )
1,000,000,000 
( )
1,000,000,000,000 
( )
half 
( )
less 
( )
more 
( )

Time:[edit]

now 
ⵖⵉⵍⴰⴷ (ɣelad)
later 
(...)
before 
(...)
morning 
(...)
afternoon 
(...)
evening 
(...)
night 
(...)

Clock time:[edit]

one o'clock AM (...)
two o'clock AM 
(...)
noon 
(...)
one o'clock PM 
(...)
two o'clock PM 
(...)
midnight 
(...)

Duration:[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
_____ minute(s) (...)
_____ hour(s) 
_____ hour(s) (...)
_____ day(s) 
_____ day(s) (...)
_____ week(s) 
_____ week(s) (...)
_____ month(s) 
_____ month(s) (...)
_____ year(s) 
_____ year(s) (...)

Days:[edit]

Sunday 
ⴰⵙⴰⵎⴰⵙ (Asamas)
Monday 
ⴰⵢⵏⴰⵙ (Aynas)
Tuesday 
ⴰⵙⵉⵏⴰⵙ (Asinas)
Wednesday 
ⴰⴽⵕⴰⵙ (Akṛas)
Thursday 
ⴰⴽⵡⴰⵙ (Akwas)
Friday 
ⴰⵙⵉⵎⵡⴰⵙ (Asimwas)
Saturday 
ⴰⵙⵉⴹⵢⴰⵙ (Asiḍyas)

Months:[edit]

January 
ⵉⵏⵏⴰⵢⵔ (Innayr), ⵢⵏⵢⵓⵔ (Yenyur)
February 
ⴱⵕⴰⵢⵕ (Bṛayṛ), ⵙⵉⵏⵢⵓⵔ (Sinyur)
March 
ⵎⴰⵕⵚ (Maṛṣ), ⴽⵔⴰⵢⵓⵔ (Krayur)
April 
ⵉⴱⵔⵉⵔ (Ibrir), ⴽⵓⵥⵢⵓⵔ (Kuẓyur)
May 
ⵎⴰⵢⵢⵓ (Mayyu), ⵙⵎⵢⵓⵔ (Semyur)
June 
ⵢⵓⵏⵢⵓ (Yunyu), ⵙⴹⵢⵓⵔ (Seḍyur)
July 
ⵢⵓⵍⵢⵓⵣ (Yulyuz), ⵙⴰⵢⵓⵔ (Sayur)
August 
ⵖⵓⵛⵜ (Ɣuct), ⵜⴰⵎⵢⵓⵔ (Tamyur)
September 
ⵛⵓⵜⴰⵏⴱⵉⵔ (Cutanbir), ⵜⵥⴰⵢⵓⵔ (Tẓayur)
October 
ⴽⵟⵓⴱⵕ (Kṭubṛ), ⵎⵔⴰⵢⵓⵔ (Mrayur)
November 
ⵏⵓⵡⴰⵏⴱⵉⵔ (Nuwanbir), ⵢⴰⵎⵔⴰⵢⵓⵔ (Yamrayur)
December 
ⴷⵓⵊⵏⴰⴱⵉⵔ (Dujnabir), ⵎⴳⴳⵢⵓⵔ (Meggyur)

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors:[edit]

black 
ⴰⴱⵔⴽⴰⵏ (Aberkan)
white 
ⵓⵎⵍⵉⵍ (Omlil)
gray 
(...)
red 
ⴰⵣⴳⴰⵖ (Aẓgaɣ')
blue 
ⴰⵥⵔⵡⴰⵍ (Aẓerwal)
yellow 
ⴰⵡⵔⴰⵖ (Awraɣ)
green 
ⴰⵣⴳⵣⴰⵡ (Azegzaw)
orange 
(...)
purple 
(...)
brown 
(...)


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