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Buru is an island in Maluku. It is known for the cajeput tree plantation and also has become the national rice granary in Maluku.


  • Namlea, the capital of Buru Regency.
  • Namrole, the capital of Buru Selatan Regency.



Like some other Maluku islands, Buru traditionally grew cloves, and this lucrative crop was also a source of trouble for Buru, as it was fought over by the Makassarese and Dutch East India Company in the 17th century, and when the Dutch East India Company won, they oppressed the locals, including forcibly relocating thousands of them. Direct rule by the Dutch government, which started in the early 1700s, was not as repressive as the Dutch East India Company had been.

The Japanese occupied the island during World War II, and it was subjected to Allied bombing. Following the war, Buru remained under Dutch influence and then was part of the Republic of South Moluccas, which was not recognized and considered secessionist by the Indonesian authorities, who considered all of the former Dutch East Indies to rightly belong to the newly independent country of Indonesia. It took six months before the Indonesian Army emerged victorious, and Buru was integrated into Indonesia in 1950.

General Sukarno worked to develop Buru, but after General Suharto took power in 1967, Buru was used as a penal colony by the Suharto dictatorship for many years, with thousands of political prisoners sent there without trial, such that the name "Buru" became synonymous with political repression in Indonesia during the 1960s and 1970s. However, at the same time that it served as the Indonesian equivalent of the Gulag, the native people of Buru continued to live there.

Buru today no longer has penal colonies, and the economy remains primarily based on agriculture.

Get in

Map of Buru Island

By plane

  • 1 Namlea Airport (NAM  IATA). There is a daily flight from Ambon. Namlea Airport (Q3565368) on Wikidata Namniwel Airport on Wikipedia

By boat

  • 2 Namlea Grand Harbor (Pelabuhan Besar Namlea). There is a daily ferry from Galala Ferry Port in Ambon.

Get around


By rented vehicles


Using a rented car or motorcycle is the best way to go to tourists or public places.



You may see cajeput plantations near Namlea, also rice paddy fields in the Mako sub-district.


  • 1 Air Babunyi Beach (Pantai Air Babunyi), Leksula, Buru Selatan Regency. A white sand beach with a small waterfall whose water leads to the beach.
  • 2 Bukit Tatanggo, Namlea.
  • 3 Jikumerasa Beach (Pantai Jikumerasa), Namlea. A white sand beach. There is also a lake which is connected with the sea.
  • 4 Lake Rana (Danau Rana), Namlea.
  • 5 Masnana Beach (Pantai Masnana), Namrole.
  • 6 Merah Putih Beach (PMP), Namlea. Watching sunset.
  • 7 Modanmohe Waterfall (Air Terjun Modanmohe), Namrole.
  • 8 Ratu Beach (Pantai Ratu Waeperang), Lilialy.
  • 9 Talaga Beach (Pantai Talaga), Namlea.

Historic sites

Fort VOC Kayeli
  • 10 Fort VOC Kayeli (Benteng VOC Kayeli), Negeri Kayeli. Built in 1785.
  • 11 Tugu Desa Savana Jaya (Gedung Kesenian Savana Jaya), Waeapo. The village monument of Savana Jaya village was established in 1972. Savana Jaya had become one of the transmigration areas in Maluku Province and also used to be a dumping ground for political prisoners who were considered to be involved in the Communist Party of Indonesia movement.




  • 1 Mount Kapalatmada (Gunung Kapalatmada), Namlea. The second highest mountain in Maluku (2.700 masl). Mount Kapalatmada (Q6921586) on Wikidata Mount Kapalatmada on Wikipedia


  • Minyak Kayu Putih (Cajeput/eucalyptus oil)
  • Buru Hotong (Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.), healthy carb, a substitute for rice.
  • Dragon fruit in Grandeng agrotourism.



Buru Island has a variety of foods including local Maluku cuisine like nasi kuning and ikan kuah kuning, Javanese cuisine like sate and bakso or Buginese-Makassarese cuisine like coto. You may try rujak (fruits in sweet spicy sticky peanut sauce) in Jikumerasa beach.

  • 1 Ayam Kampung Bakar Bintang 16, Namlea. lunch time. Roasted village chicken.
  • 2 Mie Ikan BTN Dermaga, Namlea, +62 813 430 17567. 09:00-22:30. One of the specialty noodle dish of Buru Island, Mie ikan Namlea



In the beach area, you may get a whole coconut drink.

Coffee shops

  • 1 Hallo Kopi, Namlea. 10:00-23:00.



For the budget hostelry, you may look for the hotel name with the prefix penginapan.

  • 1 Hotel Awista, Jl. Dermaga Baru, Namlea, +62 913 21118.
  • 2 Hotel Golden Alfri's, Jl. Kabupaten, Labuang, Namrole, +62 913 22220.



The telephone area code in Buru Island is 0913.

Stay safe


Watch out for the high waves in the south of Buru Island.

Go next

  • To southeast, Ambalau (or Ambelau) Island

This city travel guide to Buru Island is a usable article. It has information on how to get there and on restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.