In 1155, Raymond V of Toulouse, Marquis of Provence, sent his chancellor Raous Raymond I, Bishop of Carpentras, to confirm the privileges of market held in Carpentras. In the Middle Ages, the market was held every Friday in the cemetery of Saint-Siffrein. There were then 200 stallholders. At the beginning of the Avignon Papacy, the bishop Bérenger Forneri tried unsuccessfully to ban the cemetery market. Pope Clement V established his curia in Carpentras in 1313. When he died in 1314, his successor gave preference to Avignon. However, as capital of Vaison in Vaucluse in 1320, the city profitted from Pontifical munificence: ruled by its bishops, it was extended and surrounded by walls which were interrupted only by the Gate of Orange (Porte d'Orange). The market was expanded in 1385 on the site of the Fusterie, which is called Place des Pénitents Noirs.
The city of Carpentras has hosted Jews since at least 1276, according to tax rolls from that time. Expelled from France by Philipple le Bel, the Jews took refuge in the Papal lands where they were safe and enjoyed freedom of worship. Along with Avignon, Cavaillon and L'Isle sur la Sorgue, Carpentras was home to a large Jewish community in a neighborhood that did not become a ghetto until the end of the sixteenth century.
In 1790, the people of Carpentras attempted to establish a small independent state, which would have accepted the reforms of the revolutionary French Constituent Assembly but with the Pope as constitutional monarch. However, this did not last long: by 1791, Carpentras was once again part of France.
Emblem of the city
The Holy Mors or Holy Nail is known as a relic of Christ and is preserved in the Cathedral of Saint-Siffrein. This object dates from the 6th century AD. The "Saint Mors" of Constantine is a forged nail, supposedly of the Passion of Christ. This relic was kept in the treasury of the church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople until the looting of the city by the troops of the 4th Crusade (1202-1204). It then disappeared until 1226, when it was first seen on the seal of the Bishop of Carpentras Isnard, and subsequently became the emblem of the city in 1260. The relic today on display in the Chapel of the Holy Nail in the Cathedral.
- 1 Airfield Edgar Soumille (Airfield de Carpentras - Saint Didier) (Saint Didier). Also has a flying club.
It is accessed from Avignon in the south-west by the D942 (fast track) Pernes-les-Fontaines south on the D938, Apt - Venasque and southeast by the D4, Mazan east by the D942, feet (south) of the Mont Ventoux by the D974 or D938 northeast, north Aubignan by D7 and Sarrians northwest by the D950 Bypass Carpentras, planned for decades, finally saw its construction begin, the part between the road and the roads Sarrians-Caromb/Bédoin have been completed. A second section between the health center (Route d'Avignon) and Market station has been operational since 2012. The central part, between Avignon Road Sarrians Road is open to traffic since summer 2013.
Several bus lines depart from Carpentras, to large areas of Vaucluse via the TransVaucluse network from the bus station area Terradou:
- 5.1 : Carpentras - Avignon, via Monteux and Entraigues-sur-la-Sorgue,
- 10 : Carpentras - Orange, via Sarrians and Jonquières,
- 11 : Carpentras - Vaison-la-Romaine, via Malaucène,
- 12.1 : Carpentras - Sault,
- 12.2 : Carpentras - Méthamis,
- 13.1 : Carpentras - Cavaillon, via L'Isle sur la Sorgue.
The city and the metropolitan area are also served by the Trans'Cove network, which manages the city line.
- 2 Terradou centrale bus station.
A bus network in Carpentras connects to the neighbouring villages : bus network . A free parking shuttle is available, Friday for access to the weekly market on Friday. The car park in question is also free : free shuttle.
To visit some places, as Hôtel-Dieu, Château du Martinet, or Graineterie Roux, it is best to contact the tourist office, which will inform you, and will record you in the frames of tours by guides around €5 per person and place). Some over places will be see with free acces.
- 1 Carpentras synagogue, place Maurice Charretier. From the 14th century, this is the oldest synagogue in France.
- 2 Notre-Dame de Santé chapel. This chapel took the name of "Our Lady of Health" following the 1629 plague.
- 3 former Archbishopric (Court house). Located next to the Saint Siffrein Cathedral, the building dates from 1640, and was built at the request of the Bishop Aleandre Bichi.
- 4 Carpentras Cathedral. Built in the 15th century.
- 5 La Charité. Has two storeys of arches and Italian loggias.
- 6 Porte d'Orange. An example of 14th-century military architecture, 27 m high.
- 7 aqueduct carries the canal Carpentras. Construction began in 1720, lasted 14 years.
- 8 Graineterie Roux, 34 rue Bel Air. Old seed factory. It remains a rare example of the seed industry, which now has five such institutions in France.
- 9 Ancient Roman arch. One of the oldest monuments in Carpentras.
- 10 College chapel.
- 11 The Israelite cemetery. Visits are possible by reservation at the Tourism Office.
- 12 Saint-Martin de Serres chapel, hamlet of Serres, north of downtown.
- 13 Hôtel-Dieu. Former hospital, and location of truffle markets in winter.
- 14 Inguimbertine library. Public library, one of the largest and oldest (1754) in France.
- Trans'arts Festival. July-Aug. The summer series of arts events: "Fiesta Bodega", Night of Blues, Urban Trial, "Plein les mirettes" (festival shows for youth), Festival of Jewish music, "La cour des Belges" (funny shows from Belgium), "Les guinguettes de l'Auzon" (music and dansing along Auzon river), several tours by artists, concerts and plays.
- 1 Rivoli Cinema, 56, Avenue Victor Hugo, ☏ , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. independent cinema. €7.60.
- 2 Espace Auzon, Rue Joseph Cugnot. Auditorium, welcoming numerous tours of artists.
- 3 [dead link] Les Diablotins, Rue Colbert. 10:00 - 18:00. It’s a fun activity for kids. €5-8.
- 4 Indoor public swimming pool, Rue du Mont de Piété. €2.4.
- 5 Public swimming pool, 861 Avenue Pierre de Coubertin. 10:00 - 18:00. Water stage in the sports complex of Carpentras. €5-8.
- 6 Hippodrome of Saint-Ponchon. Several annual horse racing, and also circuit karts.
- 1 Weekly Provençal market, down town. every Friday morning. Carpentras is a staple of its Provençal market on Friday morning. It is installed in several streets of the historic center. In winter season, a truffle market is also organized. Free parking is set up near the municipal swimming pool, with a shuttle, also free, which connects the city center from 07:30 to 14:30.
- 2 Truffle market, in the courtyard of the Hôtel Dieu. November to March, Friday morning. Direct sale from producer to consumer. The truffle season for melanosporum is from November to February. Carpentras hosts 2 markets on Friday morning, during this period: for professionals, at the Hôtel Dieu, and for individuals, near the tourist office. The end of spring and summer is the summer truffle season. Only the market for individuals, near the tourist office is proposed.
- 3 Farmers Market, Place Champsfleuri. Tuesday evening from 17:00, from April to October. Agricultural market producers in the region: Fruits and vegetables, honey, plants, wines, etc.
- 4 Passage Boyer. It dates from the mid nineteenth century. Also known as "glass street", this walkway includes luxury clothing boutiques.
- 5 [dead link] Clavel, Place Aristide Briand, ☏ , fax: , ✉ email@example.com. M-Sa 08:30-19:00. Specialities: Berlingot (French candy) and candied fruits.
Local specialty foods are Berlingot de Carpentras and strawberries.
Finding a dinner:
- 1 Flunch, Leclerc commercial center, bd Alfred Naquet. Cheap cafeteria chain.
- 2 Marché Gare restaurant, ☏ . €10-15.
- 3 Restaurant de l'Univers, pl Aristide Briand, ☏ .
- 4 La Perle d'Asie, 65 pl 25 août 1944, ☏ . Asian restaurant €15-20.
- 5 Chez Serge, 90 r Cottier, ☏ . €30-40.
All area is speciales in wines production. You find three appellations: AOC Ventoux (between Carpentras and Mont Ventoux), Côtes-du-Rhône (Rhône valley area), Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise (north of Carpentras, near Dentelles de Montmirail).
- 1 Camping Lou Comtadou, 881 Av. Pierre de Coubertin, ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. €13.50-27.50.
- 2 Best Western - Le Comtadin, 65 bd Albin Durand, ☏ , fax: , ✉ email@example.com.
- 3 Le Safari, 1060 av Jean Henri Fabre, ☏ , fax: .
- 4 Le Malaga, 37 pl Maurice Charretier, ☏ .
- 5 Le Coq Hardi, 36 pl Marotte, ☏ , fax: . also has a restaurant
- 3 Post office, rue de la poste.
- 4 Pôle Santé (Carpentras Hospital), 24 Rond-point de l'Amitié, ☏ , fax: . New place, open since 2002.
- 5 Police station. Contact: 17 (or 112 from cellular phone))
- 6 Gendarmerie, Avenue John F. Kennedy.