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Casamassima is a town in the province of Bari (BA) in the Italian region of Apulia (Puglia).


Casamassima is at a central position in the province of Bari, a good point to reach other popular turistic places of Puglia and Basilicata. It is well-known for its medieval hamlet, and increasingly identified with the name "Paese Azzurro", in English "Blue Town", a fairy tale-like place with walls of the houses all painted light blue.

Unlike Casamassima, the other old town centers in the area are simply painted in white. This reason for the difference is that the inhabitants of this town made a vow to the Virgin Mary of Constantinople in the 17th century. Casamassima reminds tourists of the Moroccan city of Chefchaouen, which is called the "Blue Pearl".


The oldest official document attesting the existence of Casamassima, founded at the time of the Romans, was discovered a little after the placiti cassinesi, legal testimonies dated back to 960-963 AD. This historical source regards a morgengabio, in Deutsch morgengabe, which was, according to the old Longobard costume, the portion of goods donated from a husband to his bride after the day after the night of the wedding.

The document, stored in the archive of St Sabino's Cathedral, in Bari, is one of the few occurring examples proving the existence of Casamassima as an organized community at the end of the 10th century.

Casamassima has undergone the power of many Apulian lords for centuries, constantly obeying to the will of the neighboring feuds as Conversano and Acquaviva delle Fonti, increasing its importance further on. Proving these historical facts, we can find a castle in the ancient village.

This part of the old Casamassima has a medieval origin, having started growing from the 8th century around a Norman tower, which was then expanded, transforming into a castle.

In 1658 Bari was hit by a plague epidemic, probably coming from mariners of a ship arrived to the port and, after a few, more than 20.000 inhabitans of the county town got infected and died. The duke Odoardo Vaaz, in Casamassima, with a bylaw, ordered to retaint the building block, monuments and church, mixing the blue paint with quicklime, probably copper sulfate. Thus, the town got rid of the plague and a fresco was realized, to be dedicated to the Virgin Mary of Constantinople, as a way of thanksgiving and honor a duke's vow.

In the 1960s, the Milanese painter Vittorio Viviani, being struck by Casamassima's peculiar trait, started representing the old town in his paintings and called it "Il Paese Azzurro", in English "The Blue Town". The layerings of blue lime on the old buildings prove the town's unique past, which distinguishes itself from the other typical Apulian residential areas, painted white, showing blue's cromatic hues.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

Airport in Bari (Palese), then by train/car/bus. The airport is 30 km away from Casamassima. Well-known airlines connect Bari with the main Italian and European cities.

Airport in Brindisi-Casale is 105,3 km away, but it's well-connected with Salento.

By bus[edit]

From Bari, bus line "Ferrovie Sud-Est" or "Miccolis". From Rome, take Flixbus. Don't forget to validate your ticket before you get on the bus!

By train[edit]

Railroad direction Bari-Putignano, using "Ferrovie Sud-Est". Local trains depart from "Bari Centrale" station almost every 60 minutes. Don't forget to validate your ticket before you get on the train!

By car[edit]

Get around[edit]

  • The modern town
  • The old town
  • Barialto, residential area slightly out of town


  • Santa Chiara's Arch
  • Door Clock
  • Arch of the Shadows
  • Abbey of Saint Angelo
  • Monacelle building
  • Addolorata's Auditorium
  • "Santa Croce" Church


  • Pentolaccia Casamassimese. First weekend of Lent. "Pentolaccia Casamassimese" is the main event to attend during Carnival in the town and among the most important ones in the neighborhood. In 1977, during Carnival, there was the introduction of the first "Pentolaccia", in English called "piñata", a pot made of earthenware, hanging from a crane, which contains sweets and other objects loved by children. From that time on, a group of local artists started the first association with the purpose of building carnival floats and creations out of paper mache.
    The "Pentolaccia" started being renowned at a regional level thanks to parades of carnival floats, dance exhibitions, masked groups and special guests during first weekend of Lent. This tradition, in 2012, has been awarded the High Patronage of the President of the Republic and since 2016 it's a component of the Ancient Carnivals of the Ministry of culture. It consists in a parade of paper mache carnival floats and masked groups, dance and singing performances, traditional parties in the dance halls and various types of entertainment.
  • Balcone Fiorito. Spring. "Balcone Fiorito" it's a compound of different experiences in a multisensorial way, taking place in the ancient town, which includes art expositions of painting and photographs, gigs, public lectures and flea markets: the aim is to promote and enhance the place's characteristic traits, hand-made manufacts and art.
  • Cena Azzurra. This event lasts one evening and it is organized during "Balcone Fiorito" festival, in the old town. The name recalls the distinctive sky-blue colour of the old town. It consists of a fancy and chic dinner, attended with blue clothes and enriched by blue plates and tablecloths.
  • "Corrado IV" Historical Re-enactment and Assault on the Tower. First sunday of October. Over 400 participants commemorate the restitution of the feud of Casamassima by Conrad IV, son and heir of the great Emperor Frederick II of Swabia. The event is organized every year for the re-enactment of a historical episode of April 1252 focused on Conrad IV and documented by an original parchment preserved in the historical archive of Bari's library.
  • Blue Christmas. December. An original and dream-like series of Christmas events, always drawing inspiration from the sky-blue motif.


  • Parco Commerciale Casamassima, Via Noicattaro, 2, +39 080 457 1981. 9AM-9PM.


  • 1 Bar Plaza, Via Stazione 4, +39 392 870 9697.
  • 2 Pizzeria da Angelo, Corso Giuseppe Garibaldi 85, +39 080 671786. 6.30PM-12.30PM.
  • 3 Plebiscito Sette, Piazza Plebiscito 7, +39 080 653 0760, . 7PM-12PM. Mediterranean dishes, fish.
  • Piccadilly (Delicatessen and Bakery), Corso Vittorio Emanuele 10, +39 080 671436. Sandwiches, fries, pizza and panzerotti.


  • 1 Bar Sospeso, Via Bari, 70 A, +39 080 675943. 7.30AM-1AM. Coffee, appetizers, spritz, sandwiches, sweet dishes.
  • 2 Quintessenza Cafè, Via Pier Paolo Pasolini 5/A, +39 389 027 6230. 7AM-1AM. Coffee, appetizers, spritz, sandwiches, sweet dishes.
  • 3 Art Cafe Casamassima, Via Parini 52-54-56, +39 080 926 3212. 6AM-3AM. Coffee, appetizers, spritz, sandwiches, sweet dishes.


  • Le Camere Dell'Arco, Arco delle Ombre, 1, +39 333 852 6090.
  • L'Archasetta Historic Apartments, Via Paliodoro, 7, +39 343 29439.
  • B&B Gli Avi, Vico Palmira 8, +39 338 362 4303.
  • B&B Il Soprano, Via dei Lacci 4, +39 380 650 5195.


Go next[edit]

Many cities in Puglia and Basilicata are popular with visitors.

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