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For the island in Costa Rica, see Cocos Island National Park.
The Cocos (Keeling) Islands (or simply Cocos Islands or Keeling Islands) are a chain of islands in two adjacent atolls, in the middle of the Indian Ocean some 2,750 km north-west of Perth, and 900 km west south-west of Christmas Island.
Cocos lies approximately 12° south and 96.5° east, locating the islands in the humid tropical zone.
There are 27 coral islands in the group. Captain William Keeling discovered the islands in 1609, but they remained uninhabited until the 19th century. Annexed by the UK in 1857, they were transferred to the Australian Government in 1955. The population on the two inhabited islands generally is split between the ethnic Europeans on West Island and the ethnic Malays on Home Island.
Grown throughout the islands, coconuts are the sole cash crop. Small local gardens and fishing contribute to the food supply, but additional food and most other necessities must be imported from Australia. There is a small tourist industry.
The Cocos (Keeling) Islands are 1½ hours behind Western Australia Time and 3½ hours behind Eastern Standard Time (EST) on standard time; it does not observe daylight saving time.
The currency used on the islands is the Australian dollar.
There are two inhabited islands in the group, West Island and Home Island. West Island is the capital of the territory with about 100 inhabitants. It is mostly an English speaking area with the most tourist facilities, a clinic and an airstrip. The largest village is Bantam on Home Island with a population of around 400, most of whom speak the Cocos dialect of the Malay language.
The other islands in the archipelago are uninhabited. Horsburgh Island and South Island are among the larger uninhabited islands. Direction Island, a true island paradise, is connected by ferry every Saturday. It includes a beach that's been identified as the best beach in Australia. Finally, there's North Keeling Island, a national park approximately 50km north of the other islands. Access to this island is only allowed with permission from Parks Australia.
Cocos experiences two main seasons which tend to overlap: the trade wind season from April/May to September/October and the calmer doldrum season from November through to April. Expect higher rainfall during March through to July. January through to August may also generate the occasional low pressure system (usually between February and April). However these systems do not normally interfere with holiday plans. Rain usually falls in the evenings, bringing glorious sunny days. The average annual rainfall is 2,000 mm. Temperatures are fairly consistent no matter what the season, remaining around a comfortable 29°C with a minimum evening temperature rarely dropping below 20°C.
Flat, low-lying coral atolls, thickly covered with coconut palms and other vegetation.
- Cocos (Keeling) Islands Tourism Association Inc., PO Box 1030, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Indian Ocean WA 6799, ☏ , fax: , ✉ email@example.com. M 8AM-5PM, Tu-Th 8AM-2:30PM, F 8AM-4PM, Sa (early flight) 1-4PM, Sa (late flight) 2-5PM, closed Su & public holidays.
As the Cocos Islands are Australian territories, make sure you meet the entry requirements for Australia if you wish to visit.
There is one airport on West Island. Virgin Australia has two scheduled triangle flights weekly between Perth, Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Flights between Perth and the Islands may include a technical stop at RAAF Learmonth (LEA) en route to refuel. Clockwise service operates on Saturdays and anticlockwise service operates on Tuesdays. One-way flights range in price from $531 to $909, with advance purchase returns available for $1054.
Yachts can dock at Cocos. Because of its remoteness and infrequency of boats, all arriving yachts must send a notice to Customs up to 2 days before arrival, and radio police when arriving. The required procedures are listed here.
A local bus service from West Island Settlement to the jetty operates approximately 20 minutes prior to the departure of the ferry to Home Island and costs $0.50. The best place to catch the bus is in fact not the designated bus stop on Sydney Highway opposite the airport, as the bus doesn't always go by there. Instead, follow airport employees to the park just north of the terminal at the far end of Alexander Street, and wait on the bench in the shaded area.
On Saturday the ferry diverts to Direction Island to allow tourists and locals access to this remote paradise. The ferry returns in the afternoon to return you to West Island. The fee is $2.50. Timetables are available from the Tourism office or the Duty Free Shop.
- A Car Rental, ☏ . Contact Geof Christie for availability and rates.
- Cocos Autos, Bantam Village, ☏ . Cocos Autos offers visitors to Cocos (Keeling) Islands an extensive and diverse range of vehicles. Choose from Dual and Single Cab Utes, Dual Cab 4WDs or a 17 seater bus. Baby seats and booster seats are also available.
- AW & KJ James Car Hire, ☏ . Quality vehicles available for hire. Contact Ash or Kylie for availability and rates..
- Cocos Surf Shop, In the Airport Complex, ☏ .
The official language in the Cocos Islands is Malay, not English. However, some locals can speak a little bit of English.
Take cultural tours with some of the local tour operators or guide yourself around the islands to explore why they call the Cocos Islands a "nature and water lover's paradise".
During the year, as well as the traditional events such as Easter, New Year, Christmas etc., Cocos hosts a number of unique events. These include the annual Lagoon swim, where competitors swim from Home Island across the lagoon to West Island. Individuals or teams may enter and whether you are a serious contender or wish to join in with the Hash House Harriers (who always seem to get themselves disqualified for one thing or another), everyone has a load of fun. It finishes in the evening with dinner and presentations to the winners and boat drivers.
Other unique events are the mid-year Cocos Ball, quiz nights, Music & Wine festival, Ardmona Cup and Cocos Olympics. All visitors are encouraged to join in with these festivities and activities. Exact dates vary from year to year. Please check with the Cocos (Keeling) Islands Tourism Association before booking for particular events.
Don't forget visitors to the Island are also welcome to participate in the School Fete, Sports Carnival and concert events.
- Cocos Diving, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. $200-2320.
- 2nd Wind Sailboards. July through to September only. Watersport holidays. Windsurfing, SUP'ing, kiting.
- Pulu Keeling National Park, ✉ email@example.com.
- Cocos Islands Golf Club. Thursdays. Play the most westerly golf course in Australia that also includes an international runway! Locals and visitors meet every Thursday afternoon for a friendly game of "Scroungers" (Ambrose). Be at the Donga (next to the West Island Supermarket) at 3:30PM. All adults are more than welcome, club hire is available and a full bar. You won't play this kind of golf anywhere else in the world, not to be missed!
Keep in mind that as most supplies are shipped by boat or air only a few times per month, everything is on the limited and pricier side. Make sure to bring all your necessities before coming in. If you are bringing in vegetables or fruits, present your receipt to the Customs.
- Supermarket, Clunies-Ross Avenue, ☏ , fax: . West Island: M-F 8AM-4PM, Sa 8:30AM-4PM. Home Island: M Tu Th F 7:30AM-4PM; W 7:30AM-6PM; Sa 8AM-3:30PM; Su 8AM-1PM. Last-minute shopping for whatever you need. Fresh breads on Tuesdays and Fridays.
- Community Resource Centre (Administration building), ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. M-F 8AM-3PM, Sa 10AM-4PM, Su 9AM-noon. The Cocos Islands Community Resource Centre provides internet access and printing facilities. Mobile phones are available for hire and wireless vouchers for your laptops. Come in for a coffee and check your emails, get some information, grab a tide chart or take home a classic Cocos Calendar.
- Australia Post, 60 Sydney Hwy, West Island Shire of Cocos, CKI, 6799, ☏ , fax: .
Malay cuisine is a selection of rice, noodles, curry and chilli, featuring chicken, beef, lamb and seafood dishes. Food is prepared to be flavoursome and not particularly hot, unless requested.
- Tropika (Located on West Island in the Cocos Beach Motel), ☏ . Seafood & Western meals.
- Rasa Di Sayang, Bantam, Home Island (Located on Home Island in the small business centre), ☏ . W & F 6:30-8PM by booking, check Facebook page for special opening times. Classical Malay fare from where the Cocos Malay lives.
- Maxi's Cafe, William Keeling Drive, West Island, ☏ . M-F 8:30AM-1PM, Su 8:30-11AM, open for dinner Th 5:30-7:30PM. Eat a hearty breakfast or a light dessert, or just drop by for a cup of coffee. Opens for dinner on Thursdays.
Don't want to eat at a restaurant? Usually, every third Friday, the different social clubs of Cocos prepare a "food night" at the Cocos Club. Excellently priced meals are offered along with raffles and good natured fun. Come along, share a meal. The Cocos Club also offers visitors a great venue to get to know the locals and join in with any activity that is happening.
- WICK Cafe, West Island (Across the street from Coco's Club). Opens Friday nights and flight days between departure and arrival time. Famous for its fish and chips on Friday nights, in addition to Singaporean and Malay cuisine.
- Cocos Club, ☏ . Sa-Th 5-10PM, F 5PM-midnight. Offering parmigiana, burgers, and pizzas on some nights. A place to hang out with the locals and daily nighttime activities. Alcohol are duty free but the price erases out the advantage compared to the mainland.
- Cocos Beach Motel, West Island 6799, ☏ , fax: , ✉ email@example.com. This 28 room motel is centrally located right in the middle of town, right on the beach and only across the road from the Cocos Club, airport and a short walk to the supermarket. Many of the rooms have direct views to the Indian Ocean. Ideally suited to couples, singles or twin. Private en suite and air conditioned. Three family rooms are available. On site restaurant: The Tropika. $100-160.
- Cocos Cottages, ☏ , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Architecturally designed cottages, purpose built tourist accommodation, overlooking the golf course and the lagoon. They offer spacious bedrooms, fully equipped kitchens, large undercover deck areas and on site BBQ area. Located within easy walking distance of the supermarket, Cocos Club, tennis courts, golf club, restaurants and other facilities.
- Cocos Castaway, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. $210-390.
- As most of the areas consist of a national park, you must respect the flora and fauna living there, such as by not touching them unless advised by your tour guide. Be sure to obtain necessary permits in order to visit some of the islands, especially North Keeling.
- Cyclone season is October to April, but tropical rain may affect the area at anytime. When inclement weather happens, staying inside is your safest bet.
- The official language here is Malay and not English, so make sure you're prepared for translation. However, Malay dialect is similar to English.
Fresh water resources are limited to rainwater accumulations in natural underground reservoirs.
Cell towers from mainland Australian mobile network providers are non-existent. The only way to stay in touch would be to pay for a cellphone for-hire or Wi-Fi vouchers from the Community Resource Centre. These Wi-Fi vouchers costs $6.95 per hour, $19.95 per day, or $64.95 per week, and can be used at hotspots islands-wide. Mobile phone for-hire are $10/day, $35/week, $60/2 weeks or $100/month.
While these can be purchased at the Centre at West Island during office hours, it is wise to pre-book them so that you can retrieve the vouchers and the phone at your accommodation in case of a flight delay, by e-mailing the community centre at firstname.lastname@example.org
Because of the hassle and expensive price, however, some tourists would rather unplug from their gadgets altogether while having a vacation here.
- The only flight out from Cocos is to Christmas Island, where the plane refuels for its continuing trip to Perth in mainland Australia
- Daring yachties would venture out further into the Indian Ocean, possibly crossing into Africa or hopping on to neighbouring Indonesia.