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Europe > Central Europe > Poland > Silesian Voivodeship > Częstochowa

Częstochowa

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Jasna Góra - shrine

Częstochowa [t͡ʂɛ̃stɔˈxɔva] is a city in the Silesian Voivodeship in south Poland.

Understand[edit]

Częstochowa, and the monastery of Jasna Góra is holy place for Polish and foreign Roman Catholics.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

Katowice-Pyrzowice Airport [1] (KTW IATA) is the nearest airport, served by many LOT, Wizzair, and Ryanair flights. As it's about 60 km from the airport to the city taxis will be expensive (for Taxi Pyrzowice [2] price around 260 PLN). Another option is minibus by Pyrzowice Express [3] - there are 4 scheduled services per day (with ticket price 60 PLN), but they also offer on demand service (requires online reservation; about 160 PLN). The main stop of Pyrzowice Express in Częstochowa is near main train and bus station.

By train[edit]

Częstochowa have good train connections with most of the Polish cities [4] from 1 Częstochowa main station, which is located at Stanisława Orzechowskiego street. There are trains to nearby Katowice every hour, new fast connection with Warsaw and Wrocław a few times a day. Note that some trains to Wrocław and Warsaw don't stop in main train station (Częstochowa Osobowa), but on 2 Częstochowa Stradom station which is about 2 km away. Trains departing from Częstochowa Stradom are faster, but might be more expensive.

By bus[edit]

Polski Bus [5] offers connections between Częstochowa and Gdańsk, Katowice, Kraków, Łódź, Opole, Piotrków Trybunalski, Rzeszów, Toruń, Warsaw and also international connections to Bratislava and Vienna.

Other[edit]

Many Polish Catholics take an annual pilgrimage to actually walk to Częstochowa in the summer months.

Get around[edit]

On foot[edit]

City centre is rather small and you can easily walk between all tourist attraction.

By bus and tram[edit]

Most of tourist attractions are in the city centre on east-west axis (along Aleje Najświętszej Maryi Panny (Avenues of the Holy Virgin Mary)) and buses and trams are not the most convenient way of travelling between them as most of the routes are along north-south axis, but they are pretty good if you want to go outside of city centre.

Tickets[edit]

There are few types of tickets: single ride (3 PLN), single ride outside city limits, 45 minutes (city limits only), and 60 minutes (also outside city limits). Also 24 hours pass is available (10 PLN). 50% discounted tickets are available for students and kids. Detailed tariff can be found here: [6]

Timetables[edit]

There are 3 day tram lines (1, 2, and 3) and one night tram line (N0) that runs every 30 mins every night of the week. Night bus lines runs only during weekends and are marked as N1-N4.

Timetables can be found at here: [7] and maps of the network here: [8].

See[edit]

  • 1 [dead link] Jasna Góra Monastery, ul. o. A. Kordeckiego 2, +48 34 377 77 77. The most important pilgrimage site of Poland housing the painting of the Black Madonna of Częstochowa which for religious Poles is one of the most important paintings. Jasna Góra Monastery on Wikipedia Jasna Góra Monastery (Q573920) on Wikidata
  • 2 Staszic Park (Park im. Stanisława Staszica) (East of the Jasna Góra Monastery). Park very near to the Jasna Góra Monastery.

Churches[edit]

  • 3 Saint James church, ul. Kilińskiego 8 (On the Biegański Square (Plac Biegańskiego)), +48 343241187. Roman Catholic church converted from Orthodox church from 1870. pl:Kościół św. Jakuba w Częstochowie on Wikipedia (Q11746781) on Wikidata

Museums[edit]

  • Częstochowa Museum, +48 343605631, e-mail: . June-September: Mon: closed, Tue, Thurs: 11-17, Wed, Fri: 11-17:30, Sat, Sun: 11-18, October-May: Mon: closed, Tue, Thurs, Fri: 9-15:30, Wed: 11-17:30, Sat, Sun: 11-17. Czestochowa Museum manages few sites (listed below). All Museum sites: 14PLN , 8PLN kids, single site: 9PLN, 5PLN kids. Family ticket: 25PLN. pl:Muzeum Częstochowskie on Wikipedia (Q11786942) on Wikidata
  • 4 Częstochowa City Hall, Al. Najświętszej Marii Panny 45 (On the Biegański Square (Plac Biegańskiego)). Hours: see the main entry. Main site of the museum. Shows history of the city and exhibition about famous citizens of Częstochowa. Viewing point at the clock tower. pl:Ratusz w Częstochowie on Wikipedia (Q9304374) on Wikidata
  • 5 Museum of Iron Ore Mining (Staszic Park (on the left of Jasna Góra)). Hours: see the main entry. Museum in the old iron mine. Shows history of the mining in the region. pl:Muzeum Górnictwa Rud Żelaza w Częstochowie on Wikipedia (Q11786986) on Wikidata
  • 6 Archaeological Museum, ul. Łukasińskiego 20 (Easy to get by tram line 1 or 2.). Hours as on the main entry, but weekends only on third Sat and Sun of the month. Archeological site containing graves dating back to around 700BC. Exhibition of pottery, toys and tools found in the graves. pl:Rezerwat archeologiczny kultury łużyckiej w Częstochowie on Wikipedia (Q9307825) on Wikidata
  • 7 Halina Poświatowska Museum, ul. Jasnogórska 23. Hours: see the main entry. Museum dedicate to poet Halina Poświatowska. pl:Muzeum Haliny Poświatowskiej on Wikipedia (Q11786988) on Wikidata
  • 8 Railway Museum, ul. Pułaskiego 100/120 (in the Częstochowa Stradom Railway Station building), e-mail: . Wed 10-13, Sat 10-15. Small railway museum run by volunteers. free, donation recommended. pl:Muzeum Historii Kolei w Częstochowie on Wikipedia (Q11786997) on Wikidata
  • 9 Matches Production Museum, ul. Ogrodowa 68, +48 343241210, e-mail: . summer (1 June - 31 August): Mon-Fri: 8-16, Sat-Sun: 10-15, rest of the year: Mon-Fri 8-15. Museum in old matches factory includes old (but still working) machines. Guided tours showing full production cycle. 10PLN, kids: 5PLN. pl:Muzeum Produkcji Zapałek w Częstochowie on Wikipedia (Q11787154) on Wikidata

Do[edit]

Częstochowa.svg

Buy[edit]

Eat[edit]

Drink[edit]

Sleep[edit]

Częstochowa is rather small, and accommodations are easy to find. The monastery has a large guesthouse built to accommodate the immense amount of pilgrims who walk here annually from all over Poland. The only time of year you're likely to have a problem finding a place to stay is immediately before and after 15 August, the Feast of the Assumption - a Marian holiday which draws thousands to the monastery for special devotionals.

Connect[edit]

Cope[edit]

English speakers are easy to find near Jasna Góra - many nuns and priests on the grounds are multilingual. In other parts of the town it may be harder to find someone who speaks English.

Please be warned that in the area around Jasna Góra you can be approached by some shady individuals that will want to trick you into buying something. Don't be fooled, your money will definitely not go towards costs of Jasna Góra renovation or charitable cause. It will be probably spent on cheap booze.

Go next[edit]

  • Head east in the direction of Jedrzejów to visit two architectural gems of in the neoclassical style. These are the Palace at Nakło, and the Palace at Szczekociny, both designed by the Enlightenment era economist, engineer and architect Jan Ferdynand Nax in the late 18th century. The Szczekociny Palace is not open to the public and seems to be in a state of limbo at present. But you can get onto the grounds to see it from the outside. The Palace at Nakło is open to the public for tours and lodging and has Polish-American hosts [9]. There are also several interesting manor houses in this area. And just beyond Szczekociny is the museum of Mikołaj Rej, a leading Polish writer of the 16th century, and considered to be to be one of the founders of Polish literary language. On the way, take in the ruins of the castle at Olsztyn (Silesia), a huge medieval fortification about 16 kilometers from the Częstochowa city limits.
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