Europe > Central Europe > Czech Republic > North Moravia and Silesia
North Moravia and Silesia is a region of the Czech Republic.
- 1 Ostrava. Vibrant industrial and cultural center, capital of Moravian-Silesian Region.
- 2 Olomouc. University city with the second largest historical center in the Czech Republic, also the capital of the Olomouc Region.
- 3 Český Těšín. Historical city where Czech and Polish cultures meet.
- 4 Havířov. Youngest city in the Czech Republic, with the Socialist Realist center.
- 5 Jeseník. Spa town in the Ash Mountains.
- 6 Litovel. Historical town in the Litovel Morava River Basin.
- 7 Opava. Historical former capital of Czech Silesia.
- 8 Příbor. Historical town and birthplace of Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis.
- 9 Prostějov. City with historical center and important former Jewish community.
- 10 Uničov. Historical town under the Ash Mountains.
- 1 Ash Mountains (Jeseníky). The second highest protected mountain range in the Czech Republic covering north of the Olomouc Region.
- 2 Beskids (Beskydy). Mountain range at the border to Slovakia with well-preserved primeval forests, meadows and pastures and stable populations of lynxes, bears and wolves. It is also largest protected landscape area in the Czech Republic.
- 3 Litovel Morava River Basin (Litovelské Pomoraví). Protected floodplain of the Morava River, north of Olomouc.
- 4 Oder River Basin (Poodří). Protected wetlands area along the Oder River near Ostrava.
The only airport with regular passenger flights in the region is 1 Leoš Janáček Ostrava Airport Czech Airlines operate fligts from Prague and Ryanair operates flights from London and Milan. The airport is connected to train station.
Another option is to use Katowice International Airport (KTW IATA) in Poland situated 120 kilometres northeast of Ostrava. The airport has direct connections with over 30 destinations across Europe and Asia. The journey from the airport to Ostrava by car takes a little bit over one hour when using A1/D1 highway. Also, buses are available.
Arriving by train is possibly the most comfortable way how to get there. The region is well connected to the Czech railway network. Second and Third Transit Corridor create the backbone of interregional railway transport in the area. The most important passenger railway stations in the region are 2 . and 3 . . and are also railway hubs of national importance. The region has direct express long-distance train connections with Prague, Brno, Pardubice, Zlín and Pilsen. International trains are operated from Warsaw, Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest, Berlin and many other cities. For more detail see Rail travel in the Czech Republic.
With the very notable exception of Ostrava, North Moravia and Silesia has an average crime rate by Czech standards. Ostrava, despite its charm, has suffered greatly from deindustrialization and the fall of the Soviet Union: it is seen as the "drug capital" of the Czech Republic and aggravated assaults are not unheard of.