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Asia > South Asia > Sri Lanka > Southern Province (Sri Lanka) > Sinharaja Forest Reserve

Sinharaja Forest Reserve

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Sinharaja Forest Reserve is a national park in Sri Lanka. The forest is of international significance and has been designated a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site by UNESCO.


Sinharaja Forest



The forest reserve is an impressive landmark, which covers 89 km² in total.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Blue magpie

The reserve is home many varieties of plants and animals, many endemic to the country.


The best time to visit the forest is between December and early April or between August and September.

Get in[edit]

The three entrances to Forest Reserve are (1) the Kudawa entrance, which is the main and most used, (2) the Pitadeniya entrance, and (3) the least-used Morning Side entrance. This is one of the more remote destinations, so check schedules if using public transport.

There have been problems at the Pitadeniya entrance with guides scamming tourists.

For the main Kudawa entrance, you'll have to take a bus from Hatton bus station for Avissawella. It will take 2½ hours and cost Rs. 100. From Avissawella, continue by bus to Ratnapura. It will take an hour and costs Rs. 60. From Ratnapura, take another bus for Kalawana (Rs. 70). From Kalawana, take a bus to the small village of Kudawa (Rs. 60). From Kudawa, it's about a half mile and slightly uphill walk to the northern entrance of the reserve. The entrance to the forest is Rs. 500 per person. You might need a guide which can be hired from Kudawa or Weddagala, which is en-route to Kudawa when coming from Kalawana.

Fees and permits[edit]

You'll need a permit to enter the forest area. It can be obtained from the entrances along with the entry ticket. An ID card or passport will be required to obtain entry.

Get around[edit]

The rain forest is not suitable for vehicle tours, you will travel on foot. It is recommended to bring boots as the park is a common environment for leeches and poisonous snakes.


  • Bring binoculars as you will have plenty of opportunities to use it.


  • Birdwatching – Sinharaja is known as the only place to find all the endemic birds of Sri Lanka.
  • Plant Observation – This forest area has over a thousand tree's in counting. From the tallest to smallest it is truly a wonder.

To wear[edit]

A stream in the forest reserve
  • Boots (boots that would fit tightly to the foot)
  • Socks (long and tight socks)
  • shorts
  • Shirt
  • cap/Hat

To take[edit]

  • Ointment that repels- mosquito's and leeches... (recommended siddhalepa)
  • mobile phone
  • Food
  • Binoculars (optional)
  • camera (optional)


There is a small shop at the main entrance, where you can purchase beverages and small snacks. Other than that, there would not be any more shops within the forest. A travel leaflet or a book must be purchased from the souvenir shop.


Don't forget to bring food and water as there won't be any restaurant or shop inside the forest area. Food must be packed in bags made of decomposing matter, such as paper. Eating inside the forest is only possible in the rest huts, which will only be available once in a while. Picking fruits from trees is prohibited.


Drinks can only be taken in a bottle made out of safe plastic, "unsafe" or "temporary" bottles (Fanta, Sprite, Coke bottles) are not allowed. Make sure that you pack water as the forest spreads up to over 30 km, it is very important to stay hydrated.





Stay safe[edit]

Travel Warning WARNING: A wild elephant attacked a village near Sinharaja in 2019. Do not go beyond the guide's advice.
  • Sinharaja is a very large rain-forest. There has been several spottings of a leopard and an elephant inside the rainforest. It is important that you go with a travel guide. Many varieties of venomous snakes also inhabit these land, wearing boot's for protection and grabbing a stick would be best when travelling in narrow roads. Make sure that you keep to your group, because if you get lost, it is hard to find your way back.

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