The Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) is a self-proclaimed state in Eastern Ukraine. Its independence is not recognized by Ukraine or by other countries. The DPR includes the eastern and southern parts of Donetsk Oblast, and about half its population.
- 1 Donetsk – Primarily known for its plant for the production of sparkling wine bottles the classic way. Former industrial heartland of Eastern Ukraine, now the capital of the DPR.
- 2 Horlivka — The second largest city focused on coal mining and the chemical industry, with a statue of Vladimir Lenin still standing in the town square
- 3 Makiivka — An important steel industry and coal mining centre that adjoins the capital.
- 4 Yenakiieve — an important regional centre of coal mining, metallurgy, chemical production and manufacturing
Donetsk declared its independence from Ukraine in 2014 following the annexation of Crimea by Russia and the Euromaidan protests in which Ukraine's pro-Russian government was overthrown by pro-European Union protesters. The situation in Eastern Ukraine is considered to be a "frozen conflict", similar to other post-Soviet breakaway states such as Artsakh, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Transnistria, and its sister nation, the Luhansk People's Republic. While no country officially recognises its independence, its independence is maintained through support from Russia.
The DPR and the Ukrainian government estimate that around 1,870,000 people (2014) — over 50% of the total population of Donetsk Oblast — live in DPR-held regions.
In January 2021, the DPR and Luhansk People's Republic stated in a "Russian Donbass doctrine" that they aimed to seize all of the territories of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblast under control by the Ukrainian government "in the near future". The document did not indicate any intention of the republics to be annexed by Russia.
Overland travel from Ukraine is possible (as of March 2021): foreigners are allowed to cross checkpoints into/out of the temporary occupied territories of Ukraine in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions provided they meet certain requirements including having an insurance policy certificate issued by a Ukraine-registered insurance company, or a foreign insurance company with an office in Ukraine or a contractual partnership with one of the Ukraine-registered insurance companies. The policy must cover the costs of COVID-19 treatment, observation, and has to be valid for the period of intended stay in Ukraine. See Ukraine Ministry of Foreign Affairs for more information.
Entering DPR from Russia is illegal under Ukrainian law, and will result on a lifetime ban on entering Ukraine.
As of March 2021, the Donetsk International Airport is not operating.
- Donetsk Botanical Garden
- Forged Figures Park
- Donetsk Regional Museum
- Donetsk Opera House
The conflict in the region is on-going and violence may erupt at any time. See the article on war zone safety. Your government probably will not be able to provide any assistance if you run into trouble.