This area where the East European Plain touches the Black Sea has seen habitation by civilizations stretching back to Scythian, Roman, Greek, and Ottoman times. In the 18th century, the Russian Empire started to lay a foothold by establishing outposts on this frontier, but then eventually with expansion of the empire it became more of a commerce center due to its premier trade location where the Black Sea meets the Don River. And it saw industrialization, too, causing it to draw people and become one of the largest Russian cities for a time. But it was not without adversity that it passed through the ages, as it saw incursions from the Russian Civil War, cholera epidemics, and occupation by the Germans during the Great World Wars. One of its darker moments was the execution of 30,000 Russian Jews by occupying Nazi forces at Zmievskaya Balka.
But today it is a peaceful metropolis full of green esplanades and theaters and cafes.
- 1 Platov International Airport (ROV IATA). Has domestic flights, as well as flights to and from Europe and Asia.
Rostov-Glavniy (Russian: Росто́в-Гла́вный) is one of the major stations on the North Caucasus Railway network (Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai, Republic of Adygeya, Karachay–Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Ingushetia, Chechnya, Dagestan, and Kalmykia) and "St. Petersburg-Rostov-Caucasus" railway.
One thing you can do is just take in the provincial Russian city life by walking along the leafy 1 Pushkinskaya Street. .
- 1 Gorky Park (Park Kul'tury I Otdykha Imeni Maksima Gor'kogo V), Pushkinskaya Ulitsa, 52а, ☏ . Rostov-on-Don's iconic park with little rides and monuments. It is somewhat like a town square.
- 2 Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin (Кафедральный собор Рождества Пресвятой Богородицы), Ulitsa Stanislavskogo, 58, ☏ . daily 08:00-18:00. The premier cathedral in the city. Your big chance to see a gold-leaf onion dome.
- 3 Rostovskiy Gosudarstvennyy Tsirk, Budonnovskiy Prospekt, 45, ☏ . daily 10:00-19:00. Another Rostov-on-Don landmark, the notable circus building. But let's not forget the actual performances too.
- 4 Rostov-on-Don embankment (Набережная Ростова-на-Дону), Beregovaya Ulitsa, 49а. Here you can admire this notable Russian river, the Don, or walk along the promenade and take in statues, boats, and bridges. At night, there is an illuminated fountain show. A block above at Nizhnebul'varnaya Ulitsa, 14 you'll find a higher viewing area.
- 5 Paramonov's Warehouses (Парамоновские Склады), Nizhnebul'varnaya Ulitsa, 27, ☏ . Somewhat famous ruins of the industrial era that used to dominate Rostov-on-Don. Somewhat of an undeveloped site.
- 6 Rostov Regional Museum of Local Lore (Ростовский областной музей краеведения), Bol'shaya Sadovaya Ulitsa, 79, ☏ . 10:00-18:00, closed M. The area's local history and ethnography museum. Has odds and ends like old TVs and perambulators that might be of limited interest unless you're really into that.
- 7 Rostov Regional Museum of Fine Arts, Pushkinskaya Ulitsa, 115, ☏ . W-M 10:00-18:00. Collection of paintings in a distinctive building.
- 8 Museum of Railway Technology of the North Caucasus Railways (Музей железнодорожной техники СКЖД), Ulitsa Tsiolkovskogo, 73, ☏ . 10:00-17:00, closed M. A serious train museum. Lots of locomotives and carriages on site.
- 9 Museum of Russian-Armenian Friendship, Ulitsa Bagramyana, 1, ☏ . Kind of a niche museum, but not without the Armenian Church of Surb Khach Monastery on premises. Actually this marked the site of a separate town named Nakhichevan previously that was largely populated by Armenians and Jews and ultimately became absorbed by Rostov-on-Don.
- 1 Rostov Arena (2 km from the centre on the north bank, walkable via Voroshilovskiy Bridge, or take bus S1), ☏ . Watch football at Rostov Arena, opened in 2018 to host games of the FIFA World Cup. It's home to FC Rostov, who play in the Russian Premier League (ie top tier of Russian football). The Arena, capacity 42,000, is just south of the River Don and is intended to act as the focus for south-bank city development. The football team formerly played at Olimp-2 (capacity 15,800) north-east of the centre: its future use has not been announced.
- 2 October Revolution Park, Teatral'naya Ploshchad', 3. daily 10:00-22:00. Ferris wheel and a pond and peacocks and some strange monument (okay, actually it's the stele "Liberators of Rostov").
- 3 Rostovskiy Zoopark, Ulitsa Zoologicheskaya, 3, ☏ . daily 08:00-20:00. Here's a zoo with a lot of the greats, even an Amur Tiger and griz.
- 4 H2O, Prospekt Mikhaila Nagibina, 34, ☏ . daily 10:00-22:00. This might constitute a fun waterpark because a lot of it's inside so you don't have to worry about turning purple in the inclement weather.
- 1 Central Market (Tsentral'nyy Rynok), Budonnovskiy Prospekt, 12, ☏ . M 08:00-16:00, Tu-Su 08:00-18:00. A modern open-air market (actually, it's enclosed...public marketplace).
- 2 Nakhichevan Bazaar (Нахичеванский Базар), Bazarnaya Ploshchad', 2, ☏ . daily 07:30-16:00. The old marketplace.
- 3 Gorizont Mall (ТРК Горизонт), М. Нагибина, 32/2, ☏ . daily 10ː00-22ː00. Your typical mall with restaurants and a cinema.
- 4 Vavilon (Вавилон), Prospekt Kosmonavtov, 2/2, ☏ . daily 10ː00-22ː00. Another mall with a theater and some family entertainment.
- 1 Shaurma Kikchak, Bol'shaya Sadovaya Ulitsa, 114. Some tasty shawarma sandwiches here.
- 2 Cow Bar & Restaurant, Gazetnyy Pereulok, 84. Bar and steakhouse, probably perfect for the carnivore.
- 1 Svoy Bar, Ulitsa Shaumyana, 73, ☏ . An eccentric little bar with neon and decorations, and next door is Baba Lyuba, Rock-n-Roll Club at 71 Ulitsa Shaumyana with live performances.
- 1 Hostel Teremok, Budonnovskiy Prospekt, 35, ☏ . You don't get much for free here, but you can take comfort in clean linens and the camaraderie of your fellow bunkmates. Wifi. 607 руб.
- 2 CityHostel, 110, Ulitsa Stanislavskogo, ☏ . Simple hostel with shared kitchen and commons and wifi for the traveler on the go. 835 руб.
- 3 Good Rooms, Prospekt Sokolova, 31, ☏ . Like the other hostels, except it has a reading library. Wifi. Everyone appreciates a clean toilet. 835 руб.
- 4 Balkonskiy, Bol'shaya Sadovaya Ulitsa, 78, ☏ . Not too much going on here either. Maybe if you are lucky a Russian will show you her cool socks. They do provide slippers though. 683 руб.
- 5 Hostel "Baba Valya", Ulitsa Shaumyana, 36 A, ☏ . This hostel seems to be for animal-lovers; lots of furry-friends around. 835 руб.
- 6 Bla Bla Hostel, Bol'shaya Sadovaya Ulitsa, 65, ☏ . Here you get tea and snacks and a reading library and then when you're ready to turn in, there are some privacy curtains so that you don't have to worry about the other guests checking out your unusual sleeping postures. 607 руб.
- 7 Park Hotel Nadezhda (Парк-Отель "Надежда"), Ulitsa 2-Y Pyatiletki, 29, ☏ . Even though it looks a bit grey and bleak on the outside, this hotel has full-service offerings like an indoor pool, sauna, massage/reflexology service, gym, restaurant, and morning breakfast buffet. 2884 руб.
- 8 Attache Hotel, Prospekt Sokolova, 19, ☏ . This very boutique-type hotel has a formal dining room/bar with paintings on the ceiling (okay, that is kind of strange). Wifi available, as is breakfast for a fee. 2732 руб.
- Armenia (General Consulate), Sovetskaya street, 24, ☏ , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org.
- France (Honourary Consulate), Zhuravleva street, 37, ☏ , fax: .
- Romania (General Consulate), 7th Line street, 18/39, ☏ , , , fax: , ✉ email@example.com.
- Slovakia (Honourary Consulate), Bogatyanovsky Spusk, 27, office 215, fax: .
- Ukraine (General Consulate), Khalturinsky pereulok, 28/40, ☏ , , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com. 9AM - 6PM.
- Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Greece, Iceland, Malta, Netherlands, and Spain (EU Visa Centre), Semashko per., 117 G, ☏ , fax: .
- Archaeological museum-reserve "Tanais" 
- Krasnodar Krai
- Mariupol in Ukraine