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The Four-O region (after its administrative divisions Oshana, Oshikoto, Ohangwena, Omusati) is a region in central northern Namibia. It is Namibia's most densely populated area though still primarily rural.


  • 1 Eenhana Eenhana on Wikipedia — a trading town on the Angolan border
  • 2 Omuthiya Omuthiya on Wikipedia — capital of the Oshikoto region
  • 3 Ondangwa Ondangwa on Wikipedia — amidst the dramatic scenery of the Kaoko and Damara regions, in the vicinity of Etosha National Park
  • 4 Oshakati — capital of the Oshana region and one of Namibia's largest cities
  • 5 Helao Nafidi Helao Nafidi on Wikipedia — on the border with Angola, it is Namibia's busiest border post
  • 6 Outapi Outapi on Wikipedia — home to a famous baobab tree, whose huge hollow trunk has been used as a post office, a chapel, and a coffee shop, and now houses a craft shop
  • 7 Tsumeb — the "gateway to the north" of Namibia, and the closest town to the Etosha National Park

Other destinations[edit]

  • 1 Etosha National Park — the second largest of Namibia's game reserves; its waterholes attract animals in this dry land


The region is also known as Ovamboland, although this name reminds some Namibians of the South African regime, as this was the name of the bantustan for the Ovambo people, Namibia's largest ethnic group. When Namibians refer to "the North" they also usually means this region, although other regions are just as far north as the Four-O.

Four-O borders Angola in the north, and the Namibian regions of Otjozondjupa in the southeast, Kunene in the south and west, and Kavango in the east.

Get in[edit]

Due to the scarcity of other options, most travellers will arrive by car. There are two major highways in the region. The B1 connects the capital Windhoek to Tsumeb and Ondangwa, and the B10 connects Okongo to Rundu.

By rail[edit]

While there is a railway line from the capital Windhoek to Ondangwa, the much-celebrated Omugulugwombashe Express packed up after a few weeks of service in 2006 and has not been scheduled since.

By air[edit]

Ondangwa has a regional airport with scheduled flights to Windhoek and Walvis Bay.

By public transport[edit]

Between towns you can catch a minibus. Oshakati and Ondangwa are on the route of the big coaches that travel between Windhoek and Lusaka.

Get around[edit]

Map of Four-O region

The B-roads are tarred and in very good condition. The C45 to Eenhana, the C41 from Oshakati to Okahao, and the C46 from Ondangwa to Ruacana are tarred as well. All other C-roads are gravel roads and in fair condition, easily passable with an ordinary sedan. Other roads (D-roads and those without letters or numbers) tend to be rough, sandy, heavily corrugated, and will further deteriorate after rainfall.


  • 1 Ghaub Cave, PO Box 1549, Grootfontein (in the Otavi Triangle, formed by Otavi, Tsumeb and Grootfontein; from Tsumeb drive south on the B1, then left onto the D3022; for a more scenic route, drive eastwards from Otavi on the B8 and turn left onto the D2863 at Kombat; this road leads through the Tiger Gorge; once on the D3022, turn left), +264 67-240188, . Ghaub is historically significant as one of the old mission stations in South West Africa. The cave was rediscovered in 1913 by the missionary Heinrich Vedder. The entrance is locked; You need to take the guided tour if you want to see it. The hike through the cave is exciting, adventurous, and requires some fitness. At many places only crawling or sliding is possible. The game drive reportedly is not worth the time and money. Its only attraction, the rhinos, can be seen from the farm house and the camp site. While not exactly tame, they are used to humans and won't run away from cars or people. There's also a farm drive, explaining the rather uncommon economic activities. For Namibia, Ghaub is extraordinarily wet, a former swamp, and offers unusual vegetation. This drive is worth considering, and rhinos will be seen here, too. The restaurant is for overnight visitors only, and the food is mediocre at best. Cave tour N$550 pp, game drive N$600 pp. Camp site N$250 pppn, children under 12 free. Beer at the bar N$25, cool drinks N$20.



Apart from the Etosha National Park the region is touristically not well developed. However, as it is a rather densely populated area and an economic hub, there is plenty of accommodation, suitable for the business traveller. So instead of walking tours or wildlife observation the typical offer on top of bed and breakfast is to iron your business attire.



Stay safe[edit]

All of northern Namibia is a Malaria risk zone. Take the necessary precautions.

Go next[edit]

Four-O shares a border with Angola in the north. Domestically, the following regions of Namibia border with Kavango:

This region travel guide to Four-O region is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!