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Travel topics > Cultural attractions > Ethnic groups > Indigenous cultures of South America

Indigenous cultures of South America

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South America was first populated around 10,000 BC, through migration from Central America.

The indigenous population is still significant in countries such as Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador.


There have been hundreds of indigenous nations and tribes. Many exist today, though often greatly reduced in numbers and territory, while others were wiped out by Europeans (in particular the Spanish and Portuguese), either from diseases brought from the Old World, by military conquest or for other reasons. Here are some main categories, based on geographic locations.


See also[edit]

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