Jabalpur is a major city in Madhya Pradesh. Jabalpur is an ancient city in central India on the shores of the holy river Narmada and on the tributary plains of the Hiran, Gour, Ken and Sone rivers. This article also covers the small neighbouring villages of Bagri and Dumna.
The Narmada River valley is famous for its Marble Rocks, a unique formation where the whole river flows for nearly 2 kilometers between varied coloured and tinted marble rocks with a deep water fall.
Pleasure resort and capital of the Gond Kings during the 12th century, Jabalpur was later the seat of the Kalchuri dynasty. The Marathas held sway over Jabalpur until 1817, when the British wrested it from them and left their impression on the spacious cantonment with its colonial residences and barracks. Today Jabalpur is an important administrative, industrial and business center of MP and India. Population wise ranks 27th in the country.
Jabalpur is an industrial city with a large component of defence industry and a lot of smaller cottage industry. It is a great education centre as well, with two universities, Rani Durgavati University and Jawaharlal Nehru Agricultural University, and with about 30 colleges with a range of faculties. It also has several engineering and medical colleges.
Vinoba Bhave, the modern saint philosopher of India, christened this city as Sanskar Dhani- the capital of various cultural influences. He was impressed by its cosmopolitan character and communal harmony. The city has a sizeable population of people from Bengal, Gujarat, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and South India who live in total harmony and peace and add richness to the life in the city. One can also see the fusion of cultures in this city. The culture here is also reminiscent of British and Gond Tribes, which is now shaped by local businessman and engineers and doctors. Similar to some Mexican cities, families are very close-knit and often get together for ceremonies and festivals.
The best time to visit is September to March. Summers should be avoided. Rains are beautiful too if you live in a better location (July to September).
The people in this city are very artistic and culture-oriented. It is considered very friendly to sing songs for no reason at all. Unlike other cities in India, most educated people here are only good with Hindi and local variants of the language. English speaking population is generally employed in government institutes and their English could be old Shakespearean. Hence this city is the perfect place to dip into the central culture of India. People here generally listen to local radio as a part of their life.
You can eat pizza with youngsters at Domino's. However most people are likely not to eat it regularly as it is considered very unhealthy. City life is very moderate and relaxed. Most of the residents will wake up early and go for work and come back in evening to have a hearty dinner with family.
The native language of the Jabalpur area is Hindi, which also happens to be the main official language of the Union Government. Almost everybody in Jabalpur speaks Hindi, maybe with different accents. Educated people speak English and taxi and auto drivers, shopkeepers and other men attached to the tourism industry speak and understand functional English. Road signage is usually in English and Hindi, though some signage is in Hindi only.
Jabalpur is well connected by air, train and road.
Air India operates daily flights from Delhi to Jabalpur. There is no direct flight from Mumbai. International travellers will be well connected to Jabalpur from the metro cities of Mumbai and Delhi.
Jabalpur is well-connected with superfast trains and express trains from Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Bhopal, Bandhavgarh (Umaria), Jaipur, Lucknow, Chennai, Patna, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Pune, Goa, Vadodara, Jaipur, Nagpur, New Delhi, Varanasi & Patna.
You can rent a taxi to go to places like Bheraghat, Bandhavgarh and Kanha. These should be available at the Railway station or at the hotels. Cycle rickshaws are by far the most common means of transportation inside the city.
In order to hire a local taxi for local use in Jabalpur and nearby places visit local the bus-stand or the websites of Jabalpur travel agents. Before taking any taxi service it is necessary to take quotations from more than one taxi-providers. Also keep in mind the credibility of the taxi provider, if it is a registered operator or not, service level, credibility etc.
Apart from places of tourist interest within the city, Jabalpur also offers a number of short excursions.
Within the city
- Bade Mahaveer Ji Ka Mandir, Jain Mandir, Kamaniya Gate, and markets of Jabalpur, Bada Fawwara. Old markets and wholesale markets, all are here in nearby areas.
- 1 Balancing Rock. Jabalpur is also famous for eroded volcanic rock formations called as Balancing Rock of Jabalpur. Amazingly this rock survived even in earthquake of magnitude 6.5. It is said that it's impossible to disturb their balance.
- 2 Gopal Lal Ji Maharaj Ka Mandir, Hanumantal. Pushti Margiya Mandir of Lord Krishna and Radha. No mandir is like this in Mahakaushal region. No donations allowed here. Also see Hanumantal here, biggest tank (taalaab) of Jabalpur. Bada jain Mandir is also nearby.
- 3 Gwari Ghat. Nearest ghat of the Namada River to have a holy dip (snan) in Narmada. There is always a small mela present. At 19:30 every day, there is traditional Narmada aarti (worship ritual).
- Khandaari Jalashay Water Works. Small wildlife reserve and a beautiful dam, one source of drinking water to Jabalpur.
- 4 Madan Mahal Fort. Built by the Gond ruler, Raja Madan Shah, in 1116 atop a rocky hill, the fort dominates the skyline and provides a panoramic view of the town and the country side around it.
- 5 Rani Durgavati Memorial and Museum, Napier Town. Dedicated to the memory of the great Queen Durgavati is her memorial and a museum which houses a fine collection of sculptures, inscriptions and prehistoric relics.
- 6 Sangram Sagar and Bajnamath (Sangram Sagar Lake and ZBajinamath Mandir). These medieval constructions were built by the famous Gond King, Sangram Shah, between 1480-1540.
- 7 Tilwara Ghat. From where Mahatma Gandhi's ashes were immersed in the Narmada, and venue of the open session of the Tripuri Congress in 1939.
- 8 Bhedaghat (Marble Rocks). This small place of Jabalpur situated on the banks of river Narmada and widely famous for its marble rocks is at a distance about 25 Km from Jabalpur by road. Soaring in glittering splendour, the marble rocks at Bhedaghat rise to a hundred feet on either side of the Narmada. The serene loveliness of the scene is one of cool quiet, the sunlight sparkling on the marble-white pinnacles and casting dappled shadows on the pellucid waters. Sunlight, now glancing from a pinnacle of snow-white marble reared against the deep blue of the sky as from a point of silver ; touching here and there with bright lights the prominences of the middle heights; and again losing itself in the soft bluish grays of their recesses. Here and there the white saccharine limestone is seamed by veins of dark green or black volcanic rock; a contrast which only enhances, like a setting of jet, the purity of the surrounding marble.
The Marble Rocks are best explored by boat. There are shared (₹100 per head) and charted boat (₹800 for a six-seater boat. services. The boatman doubles up as a guide narrating the story in Hindi, in a poetic and comical way. The boat ride takes about 45 minutes to one hour. There are special boat rides on full moon nights. The boat rides are suspended during the monsoon months (July - September).
- 9 Chausat Yogini Temple (Temple of Sixty Four Lady Yogis). Situated atop a hill rock and approached by a long flight of steps,the Chausat Yogini Temple commands a singularly beautiful view of the Narmada flowing through the jagged gorge of Marble Rocks (Bhedaghat). Dedicated to Lord Shiva, this 10th century temple has exquisitely carved stone figures of deities belonging to the Kalchuri period. According to a local legend,this ancient temple is connected to the Gond Queen Durgavati's palace through an underground passage.
- 10 Dhuandhar (Dhuandhar Falls). The famous waterfall is 25 km from Jabalpur. The waterfall is known as Dhuandhar ('Dhuan' is the Hindi word for smoke) since the water droplets at the fall go above in concentrated mass and create an illusion of vapours. There are two platforms which provide a majestic view of the waterfall. The waterfall can be also viewed from a ropeway (round trip ₹75 per head)
Bagri Dam Area
- 11 Bargi Dam. It is a multipurpose project on river Narmada. It's also a tourist spot: a cruise boat runs on the reservoir of Bargi dam.
In terms of distinctive local cuisine, Jabalpur does not have much to offer; however, as many cultures from around the country converge here, you can find many eateries in and around the town offering a wide variety of food.
The Chowpatti in Civic Centre is a low cost option that houses a number of food carts spread in a square and along the roads. These carts offer a range of food items such as Bhelpuri, Chowmein, and Pav Bhaaji.
There is a very famous Parathewali aunty near the railway station (platform 4 entrance). Her cheerful banter and delicious Parathas make it a hotspot for travelers and youngsters alike.
Haji - Basheer hotel, opposite Coffee House Sadar offers delicious and cheap mutton samosas and shami kebabs. Biryani (Mutton, Chicken, Chicken curry are some of the other additions to the menu but are not recommended.
Navneeta, Hotel Samdareeya, Hotel Roopali Inn, Indian Coffee House, Traffic Jam and Arihant Palace are nice restaurants for dinner, For those interested in fast food, there is Cafe Coffee Day and Dominoes Pizza. You can get some the best Indian-Chinese food at Clock Tower and Kamling.
At nights the small vendors near Fuhara serve tasty food and desserts like Lassi, Rabri and Khova Jalebi at Badkul, 471 Jawahar Ganj, Near Kamaniya Gate.
However Jabalpurians (residents of Jabalpur) are often friendly and reserved to foreign tourists. If you could make a friend here, chances are high that he/she will invite you to their home for food. Depending upon their social, educational and spiritual beliefs, the cuisine will differ considerably. In more noble families, smoking and drinking is considered strictly forbidden, the youngsters could help you out. Again drinking below the age of 18 is not allowed. In fact, drinking is seen as immoral for most of the well-educated families. For sure, the food in the city dwellings will not leave you unsatisfied.
- Patbaba Mandir, GCF Estate (Jabalpur-Kundam road passes thru this Defence Estate), ☏ . A famous Hanuman Mandir atop the Patbaba Hill situated in the Gun Carriage Factory (Defence Establishment) Estate. The temple is being managed by the Factory Establishment with well developed gardens. 'Patbaba' the chief deity of the temple, is revered by the Jabalpurians as the Great Hanuman who fulfils their wishes. It is open to public from 6AM to 10PM.
- Indian Coffee House. Branches at Sadar Road, Super Market, Karamchand Square, Medical College and Bus Stand.
- Mumbai Masala (9575000444), ☏ . Bollywood themed restaurant, with delicious cuisines.
Vini's bar, an terrace bar is a good option for a drink. It is at Naudra Bridge.
- Currency exchange — There is a branch of State Bank of India located in Civil Lines where foreign travellers can exchange US dollars and euros mostly. The rates are standardized by SBI. However it might take awhile depending upon the processing speed of officials and not their computers. This is the safest and most economical way of exchanging money in the city.
you can also buy a few marble stone statues and souvenirs from Bheda ghat or some shops located near city Bengali club and bada fuhara (big fountain)
Jabalpur has a number of hotels within the city. The environs of the nearby tourist attractions of Bhedaghat (Marble Rocks), Bagri and Dumna also house hotels of MP Tourism.
- 1 Hotel Satya Ashoka, ☏ , email@example.com. The 4-star hotel is named after Emperor Ashoka.
- 2 Kalchuri Residency, Station Road, Jabalpur, ☏ , , firstname.lastname@example.org. Run by MPTDC.
- 3 Narmada Jacksons Hotel, ☏ , . A British-era hotel with all modern facilities.
- 4 Rishi Regency Hotel (Near Jabalpur Station), ☏ , email@example.com. Three-star hotel.
Bhedaghat (Marble Rocks)
- 5 Motel Marble Rocks, Bhedaghat (Next to the Bhedaghat), ☏ , , firstname.lastname@example.org. Run by MPTDC the motel comes in with 11 AC rooms and 6 AC tents.
- 6 Maikal Resort, Bargi, ☏ , email@example.com. MPTDC property on the banks of Bargi Lake. Has 16 AC rooms.
- 7 Kalchuri Huts, Dumna, Airport Road, ☏ , , firstname.lastname@example.org. Located in Dumna Natural Reserve, next to Khandari Lake. The resort contains only 2 huts.
The city is close to following places of interest:
- Bandhavgarh National Park (164 km): This nearby national reserve forest has the highest density of tigers in the world, making it a good place to see a tiger in its natural habitat. It is in this valley where the white tiger was discovered.
- Khajuraho (257 km): A group of magnificent temples, listed on UNESCO World Heritage List
- Kanha National Park (165 km): Jabalpur is the nearest big city to this park, which is one of the biggest in India and has the distinction of successfully implementing Project Tiger, as part of the country's tiger conservation program. Every year the park attracts large numbers of tourists watching tigers from close proximity. The park was also the inspiration for the Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling.
- Pench National Park (172 km): A forest known for tiger spotting
- Pachmarhi (244 km): A hill station in Satpura Range with the touch of the Raj