The Jezreel Valley is an extensive inland valley large valley, largely rural, located in northern Israel. The Jezreel Valley lies between the Carmel Range and the coastal plain to the west and Beth Shean Valley to the east. It stretches from the mountains of the Lower Galilee in the north to the Shomron mountains in the south.
Cities and villages
- Afula - a medium sized town, not very interesting on itself, but it is the largest city in the Jezreel Valley.
- Kibbutz Geva - one of the original kibbutzim still not privatized, this kibbutz found by settlers from Poland and Russia is popular among travellers for short and long-term volunteering
- Megiddo - an ancient Canaanite and Israelite city and the location of several key battles, both ancient and modern
The Jezreel Valley is the only place where the Holy Land can be crossed without travelling through mountainous areas. As a result, in ancient times the Jezreel Valley was an important trade route, and various important battles between Middle Eastern powers took place in this region. One of the most important battles occurring here was the Battle of Ain Jalut (1260), held where the modern village of Ein Harod is located, in which the Muslim Mamluk forces defeated the forces of the Mongol Empire, and stopped them from advancing further westward.
The Christian "Armageddon" refers to the city of Meggido in the valley. According to the New Testament (Book of Revelation), a great battle will be held in the future at the Jezreel Valley between a number of armies that will result in the end of the world.
Hebrew. English is widely understood.
There are several bus lines that pass through the Jezreel Valley, originating from Haifa and Tel Aviv, all passing through the central bus station in Afula, and many of them continue northwards to Tiberias and various other cities in the Galilee. Local buses to smaller towns, villages, or sites can be very infrequent, so check the schedule in advance online or at the Afula central bus station information center.
As of 2016 the Jezreel Valley is still not reachable by train. Nevertheless, by the end of 2016 the Jezreel Valley railway line is expected to be finished, connecting Haifa with Beit Shean via Afula.
The main roads in the Jezreel Valley go through Afula, so you will probably have to go there.
- Tel Megiddo, ☎ , fax: , e-mail: email@example.com. Sun-Thu 8am-5pm, Fri and national holidays 8am-4pm. The entrance closes one hour before the listed hours.. One of the most important and most impressive archaeological sites in Israel. The summit of the mound rises to a height of about 60 meters from the plane of the Jezreel valley next to it. The site is strategically located near a main crossroads. Archaeological artifacts indicate that there was a settlement at this site as early as the 4th millennium BC. You can walk through an underground water storage system similar to that in Jerusalem. The site has a good view of the Jezreel Valley's landscape, the Gilboa mountain, the Givat Hamore hill, Mount Tabor and the Nazareth mountain range. In 2005 Tel Megiddo was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. 29 NIS per adult, 15 NIS per child, 15 NIS per senior citizen, and 25 NIS per student..
- Beth Alpha synagogue - an archaeological site containing the remains of a 6th century synagogue located in Kibbutz Beit Alfa, at the northern slopes of Mount Gilboa. The site was discovered in 1928 during the excavation of a water canal to the nearby Kibbutz Hephzibah.
- Spring of Harod National Park -
- Haim Atar Museum of Art - Israeli art museum founded in 1937 located at kibbutz Ein Harod Ihud.
- Afula - The largest modern settlement located in the Jezreel Valley nowadays. In 2013 the city's population numbered 42,770 inhabitants.
- The Museum of Pioneer Settlement in Kibbutz Yifat presents the story of the kibbutzim in the Jezreel Valley. This may be the best place to learn about the kibbutz, Israel's unique form of collective living.
The Jezreel Valley is very safe to travel.