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Lower Egypt (Arabic: دلتا مصر‎ delta màSr) is an extensive region of Egypt containing the Nile Delta, Cairo, Alexandria, and the pyramid fields near Cairo. In ancient times, Lower Egypt was known as Ta-mehu which means Land of Papyrus.


Map of Lower Egypt
  • 1 Cairo — firmly attached to the past and home to a vibrant modern society
  • 2 Alexandria — a faded shade of its former glorious cosmopolitan self, but still worth a visit
  • 3 Damanhur
  • 4 Dumyat
  • 5 Fayum — the forgotten gem of Egypt
  • 6 Mansoura
  • 7 New Administrative Capital — Yet unnamed, purpose-built new capital
  • 8 Port Said
  • 9 Port Suez
  • 10 Tanta
  • 11 Wadi El Natrun
  • 12 Zagazig

Other destinations[edit]

  • 1 Abusir — seven pyramids in a compact necropolis, which is one of the most isolated in the country
  • 2 Dahshur — earliest pyramids in wide open desert
  • 3 El Alamein
  • 4 Marsa Matruh
  • 5 Memphis
  • 6 Pyramids of Giza Giza pyramid complex on Wikipedia
  • 7 Saqqara — an extensive number of pyramids and tombs on a plateau above the Nile Valley
  • 8 Tell Basta — archaeological site
  • 9 Whale Valley (Wadi El Hitan) — a UNESCO World Heritage Site with its hundreds of fossils of some of the earliest forms of whale, the archaeoceti (a now extinct sub-order of whales)

Get in[edit]

Get around[edit]

Most cities in Lower Egypt are well connected with frequent rail services from Cairo. Intercity buses are plentiful too. Overcrowding on both trains and buses is an issue.



Go next[edit]

  • Middle Egypt — the area along the Nile where the historical Upper and Lower kingdoms met
  • Western Desert — location of the Western Oases: five pockets of green, each with their own unique attractions
  • Red Sea Coast — luxury beach resorts, diving and marine life
  • Sinai — rugged and isolated peninsula, with fascinating relics of the past, high mountains and great scuba diving

This region travel guide to Lower Egypt is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!