The Luhansk People's Republic (LPR) is a state in Eastern Ukraine whose independence has been proclaimed by pro-Russian separatists. Its independence is not recognized by Ukraine or by other countries. As of 2021, the LPR controls the southern half of Luhansk Oblast.
- 1 Luhansk – Former industrial heartland of Eastern Ukraine, now the capital of the LPR. The city and its surrounding areas have been one of the main sites of fighting in the Donbass War.
- 2 Alchevsk – one of the largest industrial centers in the Donbass
- 3 Krasnodon – a center of the coal mining industry of the Donbass region
- 4 Krasnyi Luch – one of the most important coal mining centres of the Donets Basin
The Luhansk People's Republic was declared in 2014 following the annexation of Crimea by Russia and the Euromaidan protests in which Ukraine's pro-Russian government was overthrown. The situation in Eastern Ukraine is considered to be a "frozen conflict", similar to other post-Soviet breakaway states such as Artsakh, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Transnistria, and its sister nation, the Donetsk People's Republic. While no country officially recognises its independence, its independence is maintained through support from Russia.
The LPR extends to approximately half of Luhansk Oblast of Ukraine, including its densely populated areas, the regional capital Luhansk, and the major cities Alchevsk and Krasnodon.
Its population was estimated by the LPR to be 1.5 million in 2018, although the validity of this estimate is questioned by international observers.
In January 2021 the Donetsk People's Republic and LPR stated in a "Russian Donbass doctrine" that they aimed to seize all of the territories of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblast under control by the Ukrainian government "in the near future." The document did not indicate any intention of the republics to be annexed by Russia.
In 2020, the LPR abandoned its policy of Russian and Ukrainian bilingualism, and established Russian as the sole official language.
Overland travel from Ukraine is possible (as of March 2021): foreigners are allowed to cross checkpoints into/out of the temporary occupied territories of Ukraine in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions provided they meet certain requirements including having an insurance policy certificate issued by a Ukraine-registered insurance company, or a foreign insurance company with an office in Ukraine or a contractual partnership with one of the Ukraine-registered insurance companies. The policy must cover the costs of COVID-19 treatment, observation, and has to be valid for the period of intended stay in Ukraine. See Ukraine Ministry of Foreign Affairs for more information.
Entering LPR from Russia is illegal under Ukrainian law, and will result on a lifetime ban on entering Ukraine.
As of March 2021, the Luhansk International Airport is not operating.
The conflict in the region is on-going and violence may erupt at any time. See the article on war zone safety. Your government probably will not becable to provide any assistance if you run into trouble.