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Moncloa-Aravaca is a district in western Madrid. It includes several university campuses, the Argüelles neighbourhood and the huge Casa de Campo park.

Palacio de la Moncloa


Moncloa is named after the Palacio de la Moncloa, a 17th-century ducal palace, that now serves as the seat of the Spanish prime ministers. This is why "Moncloa" is often used in the Spanish press as a metonym for the central government.

Rectorate of the Complutense University

The Ciudad Universitaria ("University City") encompasses most faculties of the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM) and the Polytechnic University of Madrid (UPM) as well as central facilities of the National University of Distance Education (UNED).

Argüelles, named after 19th-century liberal politician Agustín de Argüelles Álvarez, is a residential neighbourhood. Thanks to its location close to the University City, it is populated by many students and displays a respective lifestyle.

Casa de Campo is a more than 1,750-hectare large park (five times the size of New York's Central Park) west of central Madrid. Its name literally means "country house", as it was once a royal hunting estate. Most parts of the park are not neatly trimmed, but just natural Iberian shrubland (Maquia). Within Casa de Campo are the Parque de Atracciones amusement park and the Madrid Zoo and Aquarium. During the three-year Siege of Madrid (1936–39) of the Spanish Civil War, the frontline between Republicans who held the capital and Nationalists who tried to conquer it, ran through this park.

Aravaca used to be an independent town until 1951 when it was incorporated to become a suburban district in the far-west of Madrid.

Get in[edit]

Map of Madrid/Moncloa

The 1 Príncipe Pío station near the southeastern corner of the district is served by cercanías (suburban rail) lines C1, C7, C10 as well as some regional trains.

Moreover the district is traversed by metro lines 3, 4, 5, 6 and 10.

A somewhat unusual means of transportation is the cable car, 2 Teleférico Madrid that links Argüelles with the Casa de Campo (zoo and theme park) while offering a great view of the city.


Landmarks and architecture[edit]

Plaza de España
  • 1 Plaza de España (Plaza de España  3  10  or Noviciado  2 ). A prominent square on the northwest side of central district, adjacent to two of the tallest buildings in Madrid, erected under Franco's rule in the 1950s: the neo-Baroque Edificio España (the red and white one) and the more modern-styled Torre de Madrid (the taller, white one), both designed by the Otamendi brothers and standing 117 and 142 metres tall, respectively. The square contains a large fountain and a sculpture of Cervantes and his famous Don Quixote and Sancho Panza characters. plaza de España (Q1326261) on Wikidata Plaza de España (Madrid) on Wikipedia
  • 2 Casa Gallardo, Calle de Ferraz, 2. Imposing and highly ornamental Art nouveau (or modernismo) building at the western corner of Plaza de España, designed by Federico Arias Rey and completed in 1914. Casa Gallardo (Q8341607) on Wikidata House of Gallardo on Wikipedia
  • 3 Arco de la Victoria (Puerta de la Moncloa). Francoist triumph arch erected 1950–56 to commemorate the Nationalist victory in the Battle of Ciudad Universitaria of the Civil War. Arco de la Victoria (Q2859883) on Wikidata Arco de la Victoria on Wikipedia
  • 4 Palace of Moncloa. A rather nondescript building on the outskirts of Madrid, it has housed all Spanish prime minister since 1977 when Aldofo Suarez moved his offices there during a period of political turmoil (free elections had only been held for the first time since the civil war that year and attacks on the government both from old Franquists and the political left or separatists seemed likely). It has come to be synonymic with the central government, both in speeches by local autonomists "let's get rid of the control by La Moncloa" and campaigns by national leaders "Let's move candidate x to La Moncloa, let's throw occupant y out of there". While it used to be totally of limits to visits by the public, there are now some limited public tours, but you need to be a Spanish citizen or resident to get one and they're by prior appointment only. The first 1000 visits were pre-reserved within a few days of being offered. This website spells out what you have to do if and when the next tours become available to get one. Palace of Moncloa (Q1367970) on Wikidata Palace of Moncloa on Wikipedia
  • 5 Faro de Moncloa (Torre de Iluminación y Comunicaciones del Ayuntamiento de Madrid). A 92 m (302 ft) high tower with an observation deck that you can access by elevator. In theory your visit is limited to 30 minutes, but you're likely to want to go down before the time is up. €4. Faro de Moncloa (Q386413) on Wikidata Faro de Moncloa on Wikipedia


Museo de América
  • 6 Museo de América, Avenida Reyes Católicos 6 (Moncloa  3  6 . Easy walk to/from Museo del Traje.), +34 91 5492641, +34 91 5439437. Tu-Sa 09:30-15:00, Th 09:30-19:00, Su and holidays 10:30-18:00; closed Jan 1, May 1, Dec 24, 25, 31. An excellent museum that many tourists miss. Houses thousands of artifacts from the Americas. The exhibit displays objects from many native cultures from before European conquest to colonial times and beyond. Don't miss the Tesoro (Treasure) de los Químbayas, a collection of gold objects that was given as a gift by the Colombian government. Also of interest is the Tudela Codex, an Aztec law book from the 1500s. Beware: most explanations to the objects on display are in Spanish only. €3 (adults), €1.50 (concessions), free (seniors/children under 18); free on Su. Museum of the Americas (Q2568412) on Wikidata Museum of the Americas (Madrid) on Wikipedia
  • 7 Museo del Traje (The Costume Museum), Avda de Juan de Herrera, 2 (Moncloa  3  6  or Ciudad Universitaria  6 . Easy walk to/from Museo de América.), +34 915 504 700, . Tu-Sa 09:30-19:00, Su and holidays 10:00-15:00; closed 1 and 6 Jan, 1 and 15 May, 24-25 and 31 Dec. Offers a wide selection of historical and more temporary costumes (from the early 1200s to now) which shows the aspects of different cultures and Spain. The museum also organizes many activities and events. The building itself won some architectural awards in the 1970s. The restaurant underneath the museum is fairly good. The museum is surrounded by sprawling gardens, replete with well maintained lawns and fountains, are a pleasant place to relax. €3 (adults), €1.50 (concessions), free (students/children/seniors); free on Sa after 14:30, all day Su, and national holidays. Museo del Traje (Q9047135) on Wikidata Museo del Traje on Wikipedia
  • 8 Real Ermita de San Antonio de la Florida (Royal Chapel of St. Anthony of La Florida), C/ Glorieta San Antonio de la Florida, 5, +34 915 420 722, . Tu-Su and holidays 09:30-20:00; last admission 20 min before closing. This small church is famous for its murals, painted by Goya. It's also the mausoleum of the painter. Free. Royal Chapel of St. Anthony of La Florida (Q3109752) on Wikidata Royal Chapel of St. Anthony of La Florida on Wikipedia


Templo de Debod
Ride in the Teleferico from Argüelles to Casa de Campo
  • 9 Templo de Debod, Paseo del Pintor Rosales 2 (Plaza de España  3  10 ), +34 91 765108. Oct-Mar: Tu-F 10:00-14:00 16:00-18:00, Sa Su and holidays 09:30-20:00; Apr-Sep: Tu-F 10:00-14:00 18:00-20:00, Sa Su and holidays 09:30-20:00; last admission 15 min before closing. An Egyptian temple in one of Madrid′s most beautiful parks. Near the Royal Palace and Plaza de España, it was a present given by Egypt to Spain for its role in saving the temple of Abu Simbel from the floodwaters of Lake Nasser following the construction of the Aswan Dam in southern Egypt. A great place to watch the sunset. Usually a queue. Only 30 people allowed in the area at a time Free. Temple of Debod (Q1140249) on Wikidata Temple of Debod on Wikipedia
  • 10 Rosaleda del Parque del Oeste (Jardín de Ramón Ortiz / Rosaleda Gardens), C/ Rosaleda, 2 (Principe Pio  6  10 ). Daily 10:00-21:00. The rose garden of Madrid, located in the same park as the Templo de Debod. If you like roses and are in Madrid when they have flowered, definitely worth a visit. The garden holds an international competition yearly. Free. Rosaleda Gardens (Q16626568) on Wikidata
  • 11 Casa de Campo (Lago, Batan  10  or Casa de Campo  5  10 ). The park at the rear of the Palacio Real which used to belong to the Royal family. Much of the park has been taken to smaller activity parks such as the Zoo but in general it's peaceful. From Moncloa you can take a teleferico (€5.90 return) across into the park. Casa de Campo Park (Q1046524) on Wikidata Casa de Campo on Wikipedia
  • 12 Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (Madrid Zoo Aquarium) (Casa de Campo  5  10 ; Bus line 33). Open daily, hrs vary by season. See the pandas, pet the lemurs, watch the dolphin show, and enjoy the bird show. €22.95 (adults), €18.60 (seniors/disabled/children 3-7), free (children under 3); ticket prices are significantly cheaper if purchase online. Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (Q1994806) on Wikidata Zoo Aquarium de Madrid on Wikipedia


  • 1 [dead link] Las Tablas, Plaza España, 9 (walk from Plaza España metro), +34 915 420 520, . A very popular flamenco tablao located near the Plaza España metro station. The package consisting of a Flamenco show (at 21:00 or 22:00) with a candle-lit dinner and a glass of Sangria wine is truly a treat.
  • 2 Sala Arena (Sala Heineken), C/ de la Princesa, 1 (Metro: Plaza España), +34 915 476 680. National touring acts for rock and pop music.
  • 3 Renoir Cines Princesa, C/ de la Princesa, 3 (metro: Plaza de España), +34 915 422 702.
  • 4 Renoir Plaza de España, C/ Martín de los Heros, 12 (Metro: Plaza de España), +34 91 5414100.
  • 5 Cines Golem Alphaville, C/ Martín de los Heros, 14 (metro: Plaza de España), +34 91 5593836.
  • 6 Kinépolis, C/ Edgar Neville s/n (Centro Comercial Ciudad de la Imagen, Pozuelo de Alarcon; metro ligero: Ciudad del Cine (ML3)). Outside the city, in the suburb of Pozuelo de Alarcon. The largest megaplex in the world by number of seats. Has 25 screens. The offer of movies shown in their original version is increasing.




  • 1 La Esquina de Eusebio, C/ Caramuel 16 (Metro: Puerta del Angel), +34 34 914 642 181. Trays of tapas are passed from one person to another in this typical bar of Madrid, absolutely not touristy but really worth it! And it's not so far from the centre.


  • 1 Casa España, Plaza Emilio Jimenez Millas 2/E (Right next to Plaza de España), +34653419567, . Cheap Breakfast: 2 Euro The nearest metro station is Plaza de España. Popular budget hostel in the city center. Free WiFi, linens included Dorm: from 7,99 Euro. Double rooms: from 10,99 Euro.


Routes through Moncloa
Southern SuburbsArganzuela  anticlockwise Autopista de Circunvalación clockwise  Northern Suburbs

This district travel guide to Moncloa is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.