Petra, the fabled "rose red city, half as old as time", is a well known ancient Nabataean city in the south of Jordan. Due to its breathtaking grandeur and fabulous ruins, Petra was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985.
Petra was the impressive capital of the Nabataean kingdom from around the 6th century BC. The kingdom was absorbed into the Roman Empire in AD 106 and the Romans continued to expand the city. An important center for trade and commerce, Petra continued to flourish until a catastrophic earthquake destroyed buildings and crippled vital water management systems around AD 663. After Saladin's conquest of the Middle East in 1189, Petra was abandoned and the memory of it was lost to the West.
The ruins remained hidden to most of the world until the Swiss explorer, Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, disguised as an Arab scholar, infiltrated the Bedouin-occupied city in 1812. Burckhardt's accounts of his travels inspired other Western explorers and historians to discover the ancient city further. The most famous of these was David Roberts, a Scottish artist who created a number of accurate and detailed illustrations of the city in 1839.
The first real excavations of the site were in 1929 after the forming of Trans-Jordan. Since that time, Petra has become by far Jordan's largest tourist attraction, partially due to the exposure by the Steven Spielberg movie, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, in 1989. Due to the fantastic engineering accomplishments and well-preserved dimension of Petra, the archaeological site was chosen in July 2007 as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
Petra is the archaeological side and Wadi Musa is the city nearby.
Petra is open to visits 06:00-17:00 in winter, and 06:00-18:00 in summer, daily throughout the year.
What may be one of the most expensive admissions to any archaeological site in the world. The entry ticket to Petra costs JOD90 for one day visitors to Jordan (i.e., those that have arrived in Jordan from some other country, e.g. Israel, on the day of the visit and will be returning there for the night). Tourists that overnight in the country or on a cruise ship pay JOD50 for 1 day, JOD55 for 2 days or JOD60 for 3 days. Bring your passport to prove you entered Jordan at least one day before. If entered the same day, your room key will be asked by the ticket seller. Students have to pay the full price, except those who enroll in a Jordanian university, for whom the admission price drops sharply to JOD1.
Do not attempt to purchase tickets from dubious scalpers around town! Time permitting, the two-day pass is recommended, as there is much to see and do in Petra. For more than one day, the ticket office can ask for your passport as the ticket has your first name on it.
Since the autumn of 2015 you can buy the Jordan Pass: http://www.jordanpass.jo (online before coming to Jordan). It gives you access to over 30 sights and attractions in Jordan, including Petra, Wadi Rum Protected Area and Jerash. And your visa, normally JOD40, is waived when entering Jordan, if you stay at least four days in the country. (If you leave before, you will have to pay the JOD40 at the border when exiting.) There are three different types available, depending on the length of your stay in Petra: JOD70/75/80 for one/two/three day(s) in Petra.
Children under 12 years can enter the touristic sites for free when accompanied by their parents.
JETT buses, both ordinary and all-inclusive guided tour, connect to Amman and Aqaba via the fast (but boring) Desert Highway. Other tourists come with organized groups, including daily trips from Eilat, Israel. Tours to Petra from the Egyptian cities of Taba, Sinai and Sharm el Sheikh are also gaining popularity with charter tourism.
It is easy to take the bus from Amman to Petra. It leaves from the JETT bus office close to Abdali station and in 3.5 hours you'll get to the bus station not even 5 minutes from the entrance of Petra. At 17:00 the JETT bus takes off again to go back to Amman. The price is JOD10 for one way.
Time tables of the JETT Bus: http://www.jett.com.jo/SubPage.aspx?PageId=230
The 1 Wadi Musa Bus Station is located next to the mosque.
Public minibus from Wadi Musa (Petra) to Ma'an (or vis versa) is JOD0.55 and from there to Aqaba (or vis versa) is JOD1.50. The main route from Wadi Musa to Aqaba or Amman (or vis versa) is overpriced for tourists! Going through Ma'an, you should be able to pay the local price for the public minibus.
There is a direct minibus going from Aqaba for JOD5, for those that cross from Eilat and don't want to pay the outrageous taxi fare. The problem is, there's no timetable - it leaves early in the morning (6:45) from Wadi Musa towards Aqaba, then returns from Aqaba when it fills up etc. Ask at the tourist information right at the border for information of departures.
There are also direct minibuses from Amman - these leave when full, and tourists are charged JOD5 to get on. Do not allow the drivers to charge you for your luggage, as they might sometimes try to do. The ride is about three hours.
The minibus from Wadi Rum costs JOD7. It takes around 2 hours to get to Petra. Have your tour operator or guide call the bus owner the day before to arrange an exact time for pick up. The bus usually leaves from Wadi Rum at 9:00 in the morning, but may be delayed due to weather or tour groups coming the other way.
Taxi is also a viable option. For JOD75 or less (depending on how much you haggle) you may be able to get a private taxi from Amman to Petra and back, including the driver waiting around for 6 h.
A taxi from Aqaba to Petra should cost about JOD30 one-way.
Renting a minibus with a driver in the hotel at the Dead Sea would be around JOD140 one-way.
In case you travel on a shoestring or really do not have the money for Petra, there is a way to see parts of Petra without having a ticket. From the highway south of Wadi Musa there leads a track to the top of the mountain that faces the Treasury. You can get some pretty good shots from there. Try OpenStreetMap to identify the track or look for an according GPX file.
From that place, you can even make your way up to The High Place of Sacrifice and further into Petra. Tickets are never or barely checked - maybe print yourself a Jordan Pass, since ticket checker (if any) will most likely not carry a scanning device.
Wadi Musa to Petra
Many hotels organise free transport to and from the entrance to Petra. Otherwise you can either walk or take a taxi for JOD1-2.
The only modes of transport allowed within Petra are on two feet or four (camel, donkey, or horse). There are 4 segments within Petra with 4 possible types of transport: from the entrance to the Siq (by foot or horse), from the Siq to the Treasury (by foot or cart), from the Treasury to the stairs of the Monastery (by foot, donkey or camel), the 800 stairs of the monastery (by foot or donkey).
When entering Petra, there is a brief hike down towards the Siq. Horses will be available for travel to the entrance of the Siq, or you can choose to take a horse-drawn buggy through the Siq (a distance of about 0.9 km) and down to the Treasury. The prices for such rides are not set and are extremely negotiable, depending on one's bargaining abilities. Also riding a horse to the Siq entrance will end up in tipping the horse guides. As the walk down to the Siq entrance is only 15 min, it's not really worth it. The horse have been treated so badly in the past that a clinic to treat and heal them from the bad treatments they receive has been opened left to the entrance. It's not uncommon to see wounded animals, especially those pulling the carts, to be put to gallop under 37°C. Donkeys are exploited by small groups of Bedouin youths who use 75 cm electrical cable sections to strike them all the way up to the Monastery. So if you can walk, it's better to spare the animals.
Once you arrive at the Treasury and throughout Petra, there will be many camel and donkey owners jockeying for your business. Be prepared to do some bargaining and don't pay more than JOD15 per hour. Often there are times when the owner will drop his price in half simply by hearing a few phrases in Arabic.
Camel transport could be an option. Riding a camel is a unique experience on more level ground, but a donkey is recommended for more ambitious climbs, such as the ones to the High Place of Sacrifice or the Monastery. Camels are the only animals respected by their owners in Petra as they're very expensive and less docile than donkeys or horses. So riding them is OK, but deal well with the owner before climbing on them.
However, if you are reasonably fit and the weather is good, walking the whole of Petra is quite nice. Prefer climbing the Monastery's path before 15:00, otherwise it will be mostly in the shadow. If you are a good hiker, Petra area including the Monastery climb, the climb up the tombs to see the Treasury from above and even the High Place of Sacrifice are possible on one day.
There is an unofficial section from the High Place of Sacrifice directly down to the Treasury, saving you some time, but finding it can be a little tricky. Try OpenStreetMap, which at least shows the official track to its very end. The other way around from the bottom of the Treasury is blocked by a sign and probably official personal. Not going down to the Treasury, you can even walk back to the highway.
Guides can be hired from about JOD50 and up (depending on what you want to see) at the Visitors Center. Many of them were born and raised in Petra, and will gladly share their knowledge with you. Major hotels can rent you a portable Easyguide audio guide (JOD10/day) for commentary in English, Arabic, French and Spanish. Easyguide is also available as a mobile phone service on all Jordanian mobile phone networks; a map is needed to use this service.
- 1 Siq. The entrance to Petra is a long, winding sandstone canyon (about 2 km). There are minor carvings spotted here and there throughout the Siq, but the most impressive sights are the colorful and unusual sandstone patterns in the rock walls. There are also remains of terracotta pipes built into the sides of the canyon that were used in Roman times to carry water.
- 2 Treasury (Al-Khazneh in Arabic). Upon exiting the Siq, visitors can view this jaw-dropping grandeur. Be sure to note the urn atop the Treasury structure, it has been rumored that the urn contained a Pharaoh's hidden treasure, and the urn bears the bullet pock marks where Bedouin travellers throughout the years have tested the theory. Get there when the park opens at 6:00 or 6:30 (depending on the season) and you may have the Treasury all to yourself or with less than 5-10 people around.
- 3 Street of Facades. Past the next bend is this part also sometimes called outer Siq, a large canyon lined with the facades of various tombs.
- 4 Nabatean Theatre. At the end of the Street of Facades is the 7000-seat Roman Theater. The theater was created by the Nabateans but later enlarged by the Romans. It is still used for occasional performances.
- 5 Royal Tombs. On the side of the valley opposite the Roman Theater and a short walk up the hill, are the tombs. The name was given because they are quite grand in scale compared to the others in the area, but it is unclear for whom the tombs were originally constructed.
- 6 Byzantine Church.
- 7 The Great Temple.
- 8 Monastery (ad-Deir). The largest carved monument in Petra, dates back to the 1st century AD. The interior, like that of the Treasury, is puny in comparison to the facade. The more than 800 steps up to the Monastery can take over an hour; Few visitors choose to ride donkeys up to the top. The donkeys are treated very badly, and it's quite depressing seeing this along the way.
- 9 Desert View (beyond the Monastery). If you follow the track further from the Monastery, you will reach a camp offering tea and stuff to sell, which offers a great view of the desert to the west.
- Petra by Night. Happens on Monday, Wednesday and Thursday at 20:30 (be there at 20:15!). Entrance fee is JOD17 and you do not need a day pass. Order your tickets at your hotel. It is only made of candles, you'll hear a short play of Bedouin music and be served some tea in plastic cups while you sit on mats at the Treasury. It's best to see this before you see Petra by day, as it becomes far less impressive if you already walked up to the Treasury during daytime. It's not amazing, but it's something nice to do during nighttime. However, there are really mixed reviews of this.
- Princess Alia Clinic, Brooke Hospital for Animals. Located just inside the entrance to the park. As you can witness inside Petra, not all donkeys, horses and camels are treated right. A few are overworked, carrying overweight tourist or being excessively whipped. The Brooke charity educates owners about the treatment of equestrian working animals and treats the animals for free. The clinic is happy to tell you about conditions for working animals in Jordan. You can give a donation to the clinic.
- Wadi Musa. This is the city next to Petra, doesn't have any big touristic attraction except for a great panorama from uphill.
For the terminally energetic, there are a number of popular hikes around Petra. Most hikes last about 1-3 h round-trip.
- In order to understand what in reality Petra is, it is better to spend there two days. The first day: Siq - Treasury - City - Monastery. The second day: another way to Petra through Wadi Muthlim - see the Treasury from above on Jebel Al -Khubtha - High Place of Sacrifice. If you enter Petra through Wadi Muthlim do not turn left immediately after the small Siq, first go right to see Aqueduct, Tunnel and Al-Wu'eira Fort and only after that return to Petra center. It may not be possible to go through this route due to excess water in it. It's not recommended doing this route without a guide.
- 1 Tomb Staircases. Just after the last tomb on the side of the Royal Tombs, there leads a staircase up the mountain which gives a good view of the Petra area. At the very end of this track there is a camp giving a great view from above the Treasury.
- 2 High Place of Sacrifice. The site at the top of the mountain contains elaborate rock altars used for sacrifices. From the High Place, one can view much of Petra from above. Beautiful scenery. It can get cold and windy up there. The trek down the back side of the mountain reveals many interesting tombs and carvings that might be missed by the average tourist. The round trip generally takes 1.5-2.5 h. Not many people go through the back route as it's not always clear where it starts - ask or use OpenStreetMap to identify the track. You might even try to use the direct track to the Treasury, which is even harder to find and not official, even though the staircases are clearly visible from down the Treasury.
- 3 Mountain of Aaron (Jabal Haroun). This is the highest peak in the area. At the top you will find a small church and the tomb of Aaron, brother of Moses. The route to the top and back will take you past the Monastery and will take 4-8 hours depending on your chosen path.
Throughout Petra, vendors will offer bottles of decorative sand art (small ones about JOD1 bigger ones up to JOD6). While they may appear similar to other such souvenirs found in other Jordanian locations, these are unique in that the sand used to create the art is naturally colored sand scraped from the rock walls of various Petra canyons and not artificially colored. The most common design displays a camel's silhouette against a desert background. Some artists can write a name inside the sand bottle in a surprisingly short amount of time.
Bracelets, necklaces and rings are sold frequently by vendors walking around and presenting their goods. Offers vary extremely in price and often salespersons claim that they are made out of silver, even though they are not (JOD1-5 is a fair price for most of the offered goods).
Eat & Drink
There is only one restaurant in all Petra at the far end of the Roman Highway, which does a roaring trade despite steep pricing. It also has the valley's monopoly on beer.
For just snacks and hot & cold drinks however, there are a number of small stores and vendors scattered throughout Petra.
Shade is sparse in Petra, and on a hot summer day you can expect to go through at least 4 liters of water (and more if you can afford to carry it). The need for water in the winter months is much less. 1.5 liter bottles cost JOD0.5.
There is running tap water in Petra's bathrooms throughout the site but it is *not* safe for drinking. If you are exploring the place on a hot day, it might not be a bad idea to fill up an empty bottle with tap's water to refresh yourself during the trip.
- 1 Al-Janoub Sweets. Delicious sweets beyond the ordinary stuff sold by many shops around the country. Baklava filled with cheese/pudding, other sweety warm rolls and nuts and almonds specialities. JOD0.2 per small piece, JOD0.5 per piece on a plate.
- Al-Wadi Restaurant (on Shaheed roundabout/Circle in the center of town). Reasonably priced, and the servers are extremely friendly. Also great food that you will be unlikely to finish. JOD2-4 for a main dish.
- Cleopetra (below Circle/Al Wadhi restaurant). About JOD1 for a falafel or a tea.
- Wrangler Bar (at Petra Palace Hotel). cosy bar with alcoholic drinks and oldies but goodies music JOD4 for beer and wine.
- Valentine Inn (see below) sells various alcoholic beverages and is famous for that with the locals.
- Si Wan restaurant has some good local food with fair prices. Also, there's a good and cheap bakery near it.
- Mountain Pub (at Hidab Hotel). Traditional wood bar with alcoholic beverages, hot and cold drinks, and snacks.
Most accommodation will be available through the common hotel websites. To get a good price, check out a places availability and location and just turn up and ask for the price referring to the website. But even walking around in the center of Wadi Musa will give you plenty of options. But in high season book ahead.
- 1 Valentine Inn, Wadi Mousa, Jabal Alzohour Str, Jordan. (At the main roundabout, head up the (steep) hill about 200mt, entrance on the right.), ☎ . Check-in: anytime, check-out: 11AM. The place where every taxi driver will attempt to take you, the Valentine Inn has become very popular with budget travelers and backpackers. They offer a generous and tasty breakfast and dinner buffet (JOD2.5 and 5), clean and cool dorm rooms, and sociable dining area with great views of the town and mountains beyond. Depending on which staff or owners, you can easily have help with directions or get tea. Like all places they can arrange everything, and offer a free minibus to the park entrance at 7 & 8AM and returning at 5 & 4/6PM (depending on the season). The dorms may be cramped, but there is free WiFi and pickup from the bus stand. Laundry is available at JOD2.5. Dorm JOD3 (14 beds) JOD5.5 (9 beds), Single JOD8-14, Double JOD10-15, Triple JOD20 (the lower prices are for the room when without the electrical heater).
- Al-Anbat 1, ☎ , fax: , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Clean rooms with satellite TV (including BBC & CNN). All upstairs rooms have baths and the occasional balcony. Poorly located some 4 km from Wadi Musa, but breakfast and transport to Petra is included in the price. Internet cafe, restaurant and Turkish bath. In January 2009 the hot air from the air-conditioning system was being switched off at night and during the day ("when all the tourists are in Petra"), that caused extremely cold temperature inside the rooms, where you could stay only having your coat on or under two covers. From JOD35.
- Al-Anbat 2, ☎ . All rooms have air-con and satellite TV. JOD5/10 sgl/dbl.
- Cleopetra Hotel, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. mid range hotel with common area with TV and couches. Recently refurbished (December 2010), all rooms have bathroom included. Located up the hill (near the bus station) but free transport is provided to Petra. Great reception with lots of advice and can organise trips to Wadi Rum. Mosleh will take care of you - he seems to know everyone in town. Breakfast is also included in the price which makes this hotel great value! JOD25/30 sgl/dbl.
- Petra Gate Hotel, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Warm, welcoming, and friendly atmosphere; the rooms all with bath and toilet , offers free transportation to the site; free luggage storage; international telephone call service; laundry; wireless internet services; satellite TV; movies; tickets to Petra by Night; and a big buffet-style restaurant. English speaking, super friendly and helpful staff is there to answer all your questions, and they can organise trips to Wadi Rum and to the kings highway and Dead Sea and they will help you during your stay. Clean and quite cheap, breakfast included. JOD11 per person.
- Saba'a Hotel, Wadi Musa, Petra, Jordan (From the bus station, turn left and walk along the main road to the roundabout, cross over and walk 100yards up the hill on the left.), ☎ , e-mail: (Ibrahim), (Gail)email@example.com. This hotel opened late 2009 and the couple running it are really welcoming - he's from Jordan and she's from the UK and they really make you feel at home. The rooms are simple and clean, they are all ensuite. Wireless internet; packed lunches; laundry service, luggage storage; satellite tv; book swap;local information; trips to Wadi Rum are all available. Prices per person from: single ensuite JOD14, double ensuite JOD10, twin ensuite JOD10, triple ensuite JOD9, breakfast. is included.
- Valley Stars Inn, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Family owned and operated, and the manager's devotion to service and direct attention to details makes this two star hotel like a five star international quality experience. Bright and sociable living room/ eating areas with warm and homey atmosphere and unlimited free high speed wireless internet access. Clean and comfortable guest rooms. Manager speaks and writes (emails/ texts) English, graciously responds to all questions about your complete Petra vacation, and can arrange for local guided tours. Upon request, Manager will assist with travel plans to and from other points within Jordan, organize trips, and provide travel advice for Wadi Rum, Wadi Dana, Aqaba, Amman and other destinations, all for a fair and honest price (no need to haggle). Free shuttle service provided to and from Petra main gate. Free luggage storage upon check-out. Boxed lunches can be arranged for day trips with a local restaurant and delivered to hotel. JOD35 for double, includes international breakfast buffet, complete with eggs cooked to order. Half board for JOD10 extra adds a superb dinner.
- Nawaf Bedouin Camp, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Very good way of getting to know the real Bedouin lifestyle. Nawaf is a warm and respectful person, and the way he manages his camp has very little to do with a hotel - he likes to work with small groups of tourists, so he can use all his energies to make you feel comfortable and spend time talking with you around the campfire. At night, in the magic atmosphere of the Bedouin tent, he will prepare on the fire (just in front of you) a very tasty dinner, following the old Bedouin traditions. The price also includes transportation to and from the Bedouin village next to Petra and to the desert camp in Wadi Araba. JOD95/night, including dinner and breakfast.
- Peace Way Hotel, fax: , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Free WiFi in the lobby, free transport to Petra in the morning (1-way only). JOD18 single room including breakfast.
- Amra Palace Hotel, P.O.Box 124 Wadi Mousa 71810 - Petra - Jordan, ☎ , fax: , e-mail: email@example.com. Wifi in lobby and bedroom (JOD7 for 1 day but often special unlimited offer mix with other things). Located just next to the Petra Gate Hotel - offers a nice terrace with good standing, a swimming pool and clean rooms. JOD24 single room including breakfast.
- Cleopatra Hotel, P.O. Box 125 - Wadi Mousa, fax: , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. JOD25 single room including breakfast.
- Moon Valley Hotel. Room was decent for the price but not the cleanest. Air conditioning, Satellite TV, and hot water. Included in the price is a minimal breakfast. WiFi for JOD2/day. Staff was very nice and helpful. Walking distance to Petra's entrance, although it may take 10 minutes or so. It's near a bunch of cheap supermarkets, SiWan restaurant (great local food, fair prices, not the cheapest), and near a good and cheap bakery. JOD22, JOD20 for additional nights.
- [dead link]Sharah Mountains Hotel, Wadi Mousa (500 meters from the bus station), ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Check-in: 12:00, check-out: 12:00. Sharah Mountains Hotel is located in Petra (Wadi Mousa), One minute walk from Al-Shaheed roundabout. Offers free transportation to & from the gate of Petra at any time you want, deposit safe, reservation for other hotels in Jordan , Organizing transportation to any place in Jordan with very competitive prices. JOD20 per room.
- Qaser Al-Bint Hotel, City Center (five minutes to The bus station), ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Check-in: 12:00, check-out: 12:00. Offers clean and comfortable rooms with air condition and private paths. JOD18 per room.
- [dead link]Hidab Hotel (email@example.com), City Center (five minutes from the entrance to Petra), ☎ . Check-in: 12:00, check-out: 12:00. Budget 3-star hotel offering spacious rooms with air conditioning and private bath, satellite TV, hair dryer, fridge, 24-hour front desk service, Turkish Bath, Moonlight Terrace Restaurant, and Mountain Pub. Breakfast included. JOD25 per room.
- 2 Mövenpick Resort & Petra, Wadi Mousa 71810, ☎ , fax: , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Check-in: 14:00 hrs, check-out: 12:00 hrs. Located directly at the entrance to the historic city of Petra, the luxurious Mövenpick Resort Petra is certainly one of the most notable hotels in the Middle East. The Mövenpick Resort Petra is delighted to welcome its guests and visitors to the newly refurbished and tastefully decorated rooms and suites. The newly remodeled rooms and suites are elegantly designed and decorated with modern stylish furniture and fixtures that will satisfy the most discerning individual. All rooms and suites are equipped with the latest technological requirements such as wireless broadband internet connection and a 32/37 inch LCD flat screen television. Rates starting from JOD99.
- Grand View Resort, Queen Rania St (Beside the Marriott overlooking Wadi Musa), ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. One of the top 5 hotels in Wadi Musa, the Grand View Resort offers excellent service with a fantastic view of Jabal Haroun (the Mountain of Aaron) and the surrounding area. JOD75/100/150/250/450 Single/Twin/Studio/Junior Suite/Executive Suite.
- Taybet Zaman Hotel and Resort, ☎ . Located in a renovated 19th-century village, this is quite possibly the best hotel and almost certainly the most stylish one in Petra, if not in all of Jordan. The 111 rooms are all located in individual houses decorated in Bedouin style. The inevitable handicraft shops are attractively camouflaged in a "souq", and there are good restaurants and even a Turkish bath on hand. The resort is a fair distance from Petra, but a courtesy shuttle bus is provided once a day: 9:30AM to Petra and 2:30PM for the return. This doesn't give enough time for exploration of Petra. If you have your own transportation, this is doable. If not, you end up paying JOD8 each way for a taxi. Rooms start at $110.
- 3 Mövenpick Nabatean Castle Hotel, Wadi Mousa 71810, P.O BOX 184, ☎ , fax: , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Check-in: 14:00 hrs, check-out: 12:00 hrs. Mövenpick Nabatean Castle Hotel is a 10 minute drive from the entrance to the historic site of Petra, situated in a breathtaking secluded position on a hillside at an altitude of 1,400 metres. All the hotel's 90 rooms and suites are spacious and most have extraordinary views over the Great Rift Valley. Interconnecting rooms and non-smoking rooms are available on request. Rates starting from JOD66.
The most cold and rainy months to visit Petra are December and January. In this time it is warm during the day and very cold in the evenings and at nights. That's why it is necessary to take coats, hats and gloves. And it could warm up your visit there if you take a thermos with hot tea with you. Avoid going if the forecast shows a lot of rain, as the guards may need to transport tourists out if the valley starts to flood (like on Jan 18th 2010). The hot, dry air sometimes results in nosebleeds. You might want to carry petroleum jelly (Vaseline or other brands) or petroleum jelly based products like Vicks and apply liberally to the insides of the nostrils to avoid nosebleeds. Also, carry plenty of water and oral rehydration products if you are traveling to Petra in the hot summer months to avoid dehydration. A good cap and sunglasses will help you avoid getting a heat stroke and sunburn.
- 2 Little Petra — a scaled down version of Petra, is accessible by taxi or from/to Petra. It is less traveled than the main site and is well worth the visit if you spend more than a day in Wadi Musa. Approximate cost for a cab ride to and from the site, including having the taxi wait for an hour or so, is about JOD15. There is also at least one minibus leaving from the bus station (city center) around 12:00. Price: Free.
- Wadi Rum — a stunning desert valley in southern Jordan, lies about an hour south of Petra. Buses leave in the morning (~6:30AM) and generally cost JOD5. Taxis for JOD25-30.
- Dana Nature Reserve — stay in a local village within the Nature Reserve, and enjoy unforgettable hiking in an offshoot of the Great Rift.
- 3 Shoubak Castle — remains of a once great castle. Great for a stop when going north from Petra. Price: JOD1. There you can also find 4 The smallest Hotel in the World with a steep price of JOD25, but maybe it can be get down to JOD15, considering there is only space for one. Just nearby the owner of it also has got regular rooms with breakfast.
- Kerak — site of a once-mighty Crusader castle.
- 5 Wadi Mujib — great nature reserve famous for its impressive canyons. Limited access in winter.
- Madaba — known for its mosaic map of Jerusalem at the St. George Church, various other mosaic sites and some Roman remains.
- Dead Sea — The lowest point on earth and the most saline sea, letting you float on top.
- Buses to Aqaba also leave in the morning for JOD5 (price for tourists) (~7:00AM).
- To get to Amman, you can take a minibus from the central bus station (JOD5.5). There must be one every hour until 14:00 or 15:00. JETT also has a daily bus leaving at 17:00 from the parking close to the visitor center (JOD8).
- For a cheaper trip, a public minibus from Wadi Musa (Petra) to Ma'an is JOD0.55 and from there to Aqaba JOD1.5. Also cheap buses to Amman from Aqaba pass by here.
Most budget hotels have tours but the level of organization changes a lot and could block you to take a tour. Best to form a group yourself (at least 4 persons). An example tour could be Kings way trip: Shoubak Castle, Dana Nature Reserve, Tafilah, Karak Castle, Dead Sea, Mt. Nebo, Madaba & Churches, Amman ... for about JOD30 at the Valentine Inn.