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Quebec Route 389

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Quebec Route 389 is in eastern Quebec, Canada. It runs north from Baie-Comeau to Fermont, Quebec, continuing as the Trans-Labrador Highway through Labrador City.

Understand[edit]

Route 389 (R-389) is a challenging road to drive. The road alternates between sections of asphalt and gravel. In places it is narrow and twisty. There are few services. You often have to share the road with lumber trucks that can go really fast when they are heading north empty.

The longest secondary road in Quebec, it passes the Manicouagan reservoir and large hydro-electric dams along its way to some very remote mining communities.

It begins at Route 138 in Baie-Comeau, which is connected to the rest of the Canadian highway network through Quebec City. It travels 567 km north to Fermont, and then another 28 km to the border between Quebec and Labrador, where it becomes the Trans-Labrador Highway (#500). The Trans-Labrador continues through Labrador City, Goose Bay and Forteau, returning to Québec 1125 km later at Blanc-Sablon, the easternmost point in the province.

Prepare[edit]

The road is unpaved in parts, and there are few gas stations en route. Make sure that your vehicle is in good working order, and that you have a spare tire and the necessary tools. Gravel highway can be hard on vehicles and tires. There's no mobile telephone signal on most of the route (a satellite telephone may work) and roadside assistance is expensive in such a remote location if it can be had at all.

The northbound route is used by logging trucks returning empty. They can and do travel very fast. For your safety, pull to the side where it is safe to do to let them pass.

Be sure to keep your gas tank filled. Motorists continuing to the Trans-Labrador (where there's a 410 km gap between stations at one point) often carry a spare can of fuel.

Bring food and water - the water you will find along the way may not be potable.

If you're travelling in winter, check the road condition updates provided by the Quebec Ministry of Transportation. Make sure that you have winter tires on your vehicle (not so-called all-season tires), and have a winter emergency kit with you.

Get in[edit]

The starting point, Baie-Comeau, is 420 km from Quebec City on Autoroutes 440-E and Route 138.

There are flights to Baie-Comeau Airport from Montreal and Quebec City. Hire car firms may refuse to allow their vehicles on gravel highways.

Go[edit]

Section 1: Baie-Comeau to Manic 5 (213 km)[edit]

Route 389 between Baie-Comeau and Manic 5

Paved road, but narrow and twisted. Approximate driving time of 2 h 30 mins; speed limits of 70-90 km/h.

  • This road serves a string of massive hydroelectric generating stations (Manic 2, Manic 3, Manic 5) operated by Hydro-Québec. "Manic" is an abbreviation of "Manicouagan", not a reference to the level of activity. Hydro-Québec is owned by the provincial government. From June 24-Aug 31, Manic 2 and 5 offer a few free scheduled public tours daily (en français, tours in English may be requested in advance for groups of 10 or more). Allow 1½ to 2 hours. Reservations required.
  • There are a lot of logging trucks along this stretch. Travelling north empty, they can and do go really fast. For your safety, you should pull over where you can to let them pass.

Public or emergency phones: at km 23, 52, 95, 165 and 203

km 21 - Manic 2[edit]

km 94 - Manic 3[edit]

There is a gas station, motel, restaurant (open 5:00-20:00), convenience store, and camping at Relais Manic-Outardes.

km 211 - Manic 5[edit]

There is a gas station, motel, restaurant (open 4:30-20:00), and convenience store at Motel de l'Énergie.

  • Motel de l'Énergie +1 418 584-2301, toll-free: +1 800 760-2301. Free wifi in motel. Fuel is much more expensive than in Baie-Comeau. Motel rooms with private bath: $94 single, $106 double. Youth hostel with shared bath: $40 single, $60 double..
  • The gas station at Manic 5 is the last one for 104 km.

Section 2: Manic 5 to Relais-Gabriel (104 km)[edit]

Route 389 between Manic 5 and Relais Gabriel

Gravel road in poor condition, narrow and twisted. Approximate driving time of 1 h 30 mins; speed limit: 70 km/h.

There is a restaurant, motel, convenience store (5:00-21:00) and gas station (24 hrs) at La pourvoirie Relais Gabriel.

Public or emergency phones: at km 272

Section 3: Relais-Gabriel to Gagnon (77 km)[edit]

Route 389 between Relais Gabriel and Gagnon

Paved road. Approximate driving time of 1 h 00 mins; speed limit: 90 km/h.

  • There is no gas station until Fermont.
  • At km 391, make a left turn and drive 2 km to the ghost town of Gagnon. It was closed and largely dismantled in 1985 by the mining company that owned it. There are no services here.

Section 4: Gagnon to Fire Lake (101 km)[edit]

Route 389 between Gagnon and Fire Lake

Paved road. Approximate driving time of 1 h 15 mins; speed limit: 90 km/h.

  • The iron ore mine was closed in 1984, as was the hamlet of Fire Lake a year later. Everything has been dismantled except for two massive silos. ArcelorMittal continues to mine the seam further north at Mount Wright.

Section 5: Fire Lake to Mount Wright (52 km)[edit]

Route 389 between Fire Lake and Mount Wright

Gravel road, poor condition, very narrow and twisted. Approximate driving time of 1 h 00 mins; speed limit: 70 km/h.

  • There is no gas station until Fermont.
  • The road crosses the railway nine times in this section. This is an active railway, and there are no crossing signals - you are responsible for ensuring that you can cross safely.

Section 6: Mount Wright to Fermont (17 km)[edit]

Route 389 between Mount Wright and Fermont

Paved road in good condition. Approximate driving time of 10 mins; speed limit: 90 km/h.

  • There is no fuel station until Fermont (population 2874), a small community established near the Labrador border to house workers for the Mont Wright Mine.
  • See the Fermont article for listings of accommodation, and restaurants. Fermont has a Métro grocery store.

Section 7: Fermont to Labrador City (18 km)[edit]

Route 389 on the border between Quebec and Newfoundland & Labrador

Paved road, in good condition. Approximate driving time of 20 mins; speed limit: 90 km/h.

  • There are no gas stations between Fermont and Labrador City.

km 575/km 5[edit]

  • Duley Lake Family Park - inexpensive camping sites near Long Lake or along Walsh River with washrooms, showers, dumping station, but few other services. Its 79 sites can fill up with seasonal residents. +1 709 282-3660.

km 585/km 15[edit]

You've made it to Labrador City! Now it's only 540 km along the Trans-Labrador Highway until you reach the big city delights of Happy Valley-Goose Bay!

Stay safe[edit]

If you're travelling in winter, check the road condition updates provided by the Quebec Ministry of Transportation. Make sure that you have winter tires on your vehicle (not so-called all-season tires), and have a winter emergency kit with you.

Cell phones (mobiles) will only work close to Baie-Comeau and Fermont. In between, you will not get a signal.

Go next[edit]


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