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The location of Shandong Province

Shandong (山东 Shāndōng) is a province in China. Also referred to as Chiloo (齐鲁 Qilu), The Giant State (Shandong people are known to be the tallest in the country), and the hometown of Confucius.

The name means east of the mountains. Shandong is a coastal province situated by the Bohai Sea to the north and the Yellow Sea to the south. The Yellow River runs through the province.

Main attractions are Qufu (the birthplace of Confucius), Mount Tai (holy mountain in Chinese belief, the most climbed mountain in China), Qingdao (nice port city with beaches and German buildings) and Yantai (holiday city with lots of European buildings). The capital, Jinan (a city of springs where water and willows are famous), is renowned for its artesian springs and serves as a transport hub for the region.


Map of Shandong

  • 1 Jinan 济南- the capital
  • 2 Tai'an 泰安- the town established because of Mt. Tai
  • 3 Qingdao 青岛- or Tsingtao the largest city, former German concession, home of Tsingtao Brewery
  • 4 Qufu 曲阜 - the birthplace of Confucius
  • 5 Weihai 威海 - or Port Edward a seaside resort at the eastern end of the peninsula. Formerly, a British naval base.
  • 6 Yantai 烟台 - or Chipoo, holiday city with beaches
  • 7 Zoucheng 邹城 - the birthplace of Mencius
  • 8 Caoxian
  • 9 Dezhou 德州
  • 10 Dongying 东营
  • 11 Heze 菏泽
  • 12 Jining 济宁
  • 13 Laiwu 莱芜 - smallest city in Shandong Province
  • 14 Laixi 莱西
  • 15 Laiyang 莱阳
  • 16 Linyi 临沂
  • 17 Qingzhou 青州
  • 18 Rizhao 日照 - seaport city south of Qingdao
  • 19 Weifang 潍坊
  • 20 Zibo 淄博
  • 21 Zaozhuang 枣庄
  • 22 Shanxian
Mount Tai-Taishan

Other destinations

Wang Xizhi's hometown
  • 2 Linyi (临沂 Línyí— Former residence of Wang Xizhi.
  • 3 Penglai (蓬莱 Pénglái) — Coastal resort, home to Penglai Pagoda, one of the Four Great Towers of China.
  • 4 Taierzhuang


Jade Emperor Peak of Mount Tai



Shandong has a temperate climate: humid continental (Köppen Dwa); it is bordering humid subtropical (Cwa under the Köppen climate classification) in the south. Generally, summers are hot (typical max 35°C) and rainy (except for eastern parts of Jiaodong Peninsula (typical max 28°C) and Mount Tai (typical max 20°C)), while winters are cold and dry. Average temperatures are −9 to 1 °C (16 to 34 °F) in January and 18 to 28 °C (64 to 82 °F) in July. Annual precipitation is 550 to 950 mm (22 to 37 in), the vast majority of which occurs during summer, due to monsoonal influences.

Get in


By plane


There are a few major international airports including Jinan Yaoqiang Airport, Qingdao Liuting Airport, Yantai Penglai Airport, and Weihai Dashuipo Airport.

By train

  • High-speed trains provide regular service from Beijing and Shanghai to cities including Jinan, Taian, Dezhou, Qufu and Zaozhuang. An average travel time is 2 hrs.
  • Regular train services provide links between pretty much anywhere else in China to almost any city and town in Shandong Province.

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This region travel guide to Shandong is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!