Southern Dobruja, also spelled Dobrudja, Dobrudza and Dobrudzha among other spellings (Bulgarian: Добруджа) is a Bulgarian region part of the greater area Dobrudja located in both Bulgaria and Romania. The region is located in the Bulgarian Northeast between the Danube plain to the west, the Balkan to the south and the Black Sea Coast to the east. To the north it can be said to border with Northern Dobruja.
The region is commonly referred to as the granary of Bulgaria because most of the grain in the country is a product of the region. Grain-rising has historically been the major economical sphere in Dobruja and thus in previous centuries an important economical region. As a result, the area was suitable for a government centre and was the home of the first two capitals of Bulgaria. For centuries, its fertile grounds generated the wealth of its owners so the region has always been well developed. The fruitful environment meant that even after Bulgaria gained back its independence from the Ottoman empire in the late 19th century, many Turks decided to stay in Dobrudja and live in the reinstated Bulgarian country. Today, the region has many ethnic Turks so it is not uncommon to hear people speaking Turkish for example.
- 1 Dobrich
- 2 Isperih (Исперих) — town with a multi-ethnic population, close to Thracian tomb of Sveshtari, a UNESCO World Heritage site
- 3 Razgrad
- 4 Shumen (Шумен) — consists primarily of new buildings, but there is a small area with nice older buildings. Half of the boulevard is pedestrian area with a lot of cafes and night life.
- 5 Silistra (Силистра) — city on the banks of Danube
- 6 Targovishte
- 7 Tutrakan (Тутракан) — chic town with an old fishing area, also where the Tutrakan Battle took place, so there is a military cemetery which commemorates the battle
- 1 Pliska
- 2 Preslav/Veliki Preslav (Преслав/Велики Преслав) — town close to the extensive ruins of the medieval city which served as the capital of the Bulgarian kingdom in the 10th century
- "1300 Years Bulgaria" Memorial Park
- "Abritus" Archaeological Reserve
- Fort Shumen
- The Madara Rider
- Pliska - the first capital of Bulgaria
- "Srebarna" Nature Reserve
- Tombul Mosque
- Veliki Preslav - the second capital of Bulgaria